Samoeng District

Samoeng District (Thai: สะเมิง) is a district (amphoe) of Chiang Mai Province in northern Thailand.

Samoeng
สะเมิง
Phra That Doi Nok
District location in Chiang Mai Province
District location in Chiang Mai Province
Coordinates: 18°50′53″N 98°43′57″E / 18.84806°N 98.73250°E / 18.84806; 98.73250Coordinates: 18°50′53″N 98°43′57″E / 18.84806°N 98.73250°E / 18.84806; 98.73250
CountryThailand
ProvinceChiang Mai
SeatSamoeng
Area
 • Total898.0 km2 (346.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2005)
 • Total23,236
 • Density25.9/km2 (67/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code50250
Geocode5008

GeographyEdit

Neighbouring districts are (from the north clockwise) Mae Taeng, Mae Rim, Hang Dong, Mae Wang, Mae Chaem, and Galyani Vadhana of Chiang Mai Province and Pai of Mae Hong Son Province.

EnvironmentEdit

Most years, air quality in Samoeng declines in March–April due to field burning and forest fires. In April 2019, Samoeng's air quality declined to levels heretofore unseen. To blame were forest fires in the hills surrounding the valley. Readings by the Chiang Mai Air Quality Health Index (CMAQHI) showed air quality index (AQI) scores in Samoeng's tambon Yang Moen had exceeded 500, the highest level the AQI can record.[1][2] The AQI measures a spectrum of air pollutants including PM2.5, PM10, and carbon dioxide. PM2.5 is particulate matter (PM) with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometres, or about 3% the diameter of a human hair. It can lodge in the lungs and enter blood vessels, leading to respiratory and cardiovascular disease.[3]

HistoryEdit

The district was originally created in 1902 as a minor district (king amphoe). It was upgraded to a full district in 1908,[4] downgraded to a minor district in 1938,[5] and returned to its current designation as a full district in 1958.[6]

AdministrationEdit

The district is divided into five sub-districts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 45 villages (muban). Samoeng Tai is a sub-district municipality (thesaban tambon), which covers parts of tambon Samoeng Tai. There are a further four tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

No. Name Thai name Villages Pop.
1. Samoeng Tai สะเมิงใต้ 11 5,366
2. Samoeng Nuea สะเมิงเหนือ 6 3,426
3. Mae Sap แม่สาบ 10 3,464
4. Bo Kaeo บ่อแก้ว 10 7,135
5. Yang Moen ยั้งเมิน 8 3,845

EconomyEdit

The Royal Project Agricultural Station Pang Da near Samoeng Tai[7] conducts plant research, primarily on tropical fruit trees, temperate fruit trees such as the fig,[8] flowers, beans, vetiver, rapid-growth trees, and medical cannabis.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Air pollution surpasses measurable levels". The Nation. 2019-04-04. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. ^ Rujivanarom, Pratch (30 April 2019). "Rise in temperatures linked to air pollution, say experts". The Nation. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  3. ^ Wipatayotin, Apinya (13 Mar 2019). "Chiang Mai air pollution worst in the world". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  4. ^ แจ้งความกระทรวงมหาดไทย (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 25 (15): 447–448. 12 Jul 1908.
  5. ^ ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง ยุบอำเภอลงเป็นกิ่งอำเภอ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 55 (ง): 2067. 12 Sep 1938.
  6. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งอำเภอกระสัง อำเภอกระนวน อำเภอบางกอกใหญ่ อำเภอขุนหาร อำเภอพนา อำเภอปากช่อง อำเภอวังเหนือ อำเภอวังชิ้น อำเภอแม่ทา อำเภอหนองหมู อำเภอสระแก้ว อำเภออมก๋อย อำเภอบางซ้าย อำเภอทับสะแก อำเภอบุณฑริก อำเภอลานสะกา อำเภอจอมบึง อำเภอท่ายาง อำเภอสามเงา อำเภอฟากท่า อำเภอบ้านเขว้า อำเภอชานุมาน อำเภอแม่พริก อำเภอท่าสองยาง อำเภอสะเมิง อำเภอหนองแขม อำเภอพระแสง พ.ศ. ๒๕๐๑ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 75 (55 ก): 321. 22 Jul 1958.
  7. ^ "Pang Da Royal Project". Bangkok Post. n.d. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  8. ^ Sukpetch, Ekkarat (2017-11-19). "Royal Food on Your Table". The Nation. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  9. ^ Chuwiruch, Natnicha (17 July 2018). "Thailand Wants to Have Its (Hash) Cake and Eat It Too". Bloomberg. Retrieved 17 July 2018.

External linksEdit