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Samobor (pronounced [sâmɔ̝bɔ̝ːr]) is a city in Zagreb County, Croatia. It is part of the Zagreb metropolitan area.

Samobor
Grad Samobor
City of Samobor
Samobor Church of Saint Anastazia02.jpg
Samobor fontain02.jpg
Samobor tourists at square.jpg
Samobor Gradna5.jpg
Samoborska Mushtarda.jpg
Top: Church of Saint Anastasia; Center left: Samobor Fountain; Center right: Main Square; Bottom left: Gradna; Bottom right: Samobor mustard sign
Samobor is located in Croatia
Samobor
Samobor
Location of Samobor within Croatia
Coordinates: 45°48′N 15°43′E / 45.800°N 15.717°E / 45.800; 15.717Coordinates: 45°48′N 15°43′E / 45.800°N 15.717°E / 45.800; 15.717
Country Croatia
CountyZagreb County.png Zagreb
Free royal city1242
Settlements77 settlements
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorKrešo Beljak (HSS)
 • City Council
 • Electoral district7th
Area
 • City250.73 km2 (96.81 sq mi)
Highest elevation
860 m (2,820 ft)
Lowest elevation
127 m (417 ft)
Population
 • City37,633
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
 • Urban
18,659
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
HR-10 430
Area code+385 1
Vehicle registrationZG
Patron saintsSt. Anne
Websitehttp://www.samobor.hr

Contents

GeographyEdit

Samobor is located west of Zagreb, between the eastern slopes of the Samobor hills (Croatian: Samoborsko gorje), the eastern part of Žumberak Mountains, in the Sava River valley. It is part of the historical region of Croatia proper.

AdministrationEdit

The city government, court, police, health service, and a post office are part of the Samobor infrastructure.

HistoryEdit

Samobor has existed as a free royal town[2] since 1242, according to a document of endowment by King Béla IV.

Since the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699, Szamobor was part of the Habsburg Monarchy, (Transleithania after the compromise of 1867), and soon after in the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, created when the Kingdom of Slavonia and the Kingdom of Croatia were merged in 1868. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Samobor was a district capital in the Zagreb County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

EconomyEdit

One of the chief industries in Samobor is crystal cutting, acclaimed in Europe and all over the world.

Notable nativesEdit

Many well-known people were born or lived in Samobor. Such notable personalities are:

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
1880 16,548—    
1890 18,607+12.4%
1900 18,783+0.9%
1910 20,275+7.9%
1921 19,806−2.3%
1931 21,953+10.8%
1948 23,821+8.5%
1953 25,451+6.8%
1961 27,103+6.5%
1971 28,469+5.0%
1981 32,887+15.5%
1991 35,017+6.5%
2001 36,206+3.4%
2011 37,633+3.9%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005

In the 2011 Croatian census, the total population of the administrative territory of Samobor was 37,633, distributed in the following settlements:[1]

SettlementsEdit

Monuments and sightseeingsEdit

 
View of Gradna River
 
Samobor Museum

Samobor is one of the earliest tourist resorts in the region, with the first tourist facilities dating back to 1810, catering to anglers, hunters and hikers. The town's beautiful surroundings and vicinity to the capital have supported this tourist tradition to the present day. In 1846, Samobor was paid a visit by the composer Franz Liszt, who at that time was visiting Zagreb during one of his numerous concert tours. Liszt came to Samobor to see his friend Ferdo Livadić, in his lodgings at the Livadić mansion, which is today the town museum. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Livadić mansion came under the ownership of a Jewish family named Daničić. They were forced to leave as a result of the Nazi invasion in 1941. Shortly after this, the mansion was confiscated by the newly formed Independent State of Croatia and never returned to the Daničić family.

  • On Tepec hill, only 10 minutes walk from the city centre, there are still-visible remains of the Samobor Castle fortress built in the 13th century.

EducationEdit

There are two elementary schools and one high school in Samobor:

and the Srednja strukovna škola Samobor – with technical studies, hairdressing, etc.

There is also a music academy – Glazbena škola Ferdo Livadić.

SportEdit

The local football club is NK Samobor, who play in the Treća HNL. The local woman's handball club is ŽRK Samobor, who play in the Prva HRL. The local men's handball clubs are RK MladosT 09, and RK Rudar, who play in the Premijer liga. The local basketball club is KK Samobor, who play in the Druga muška liga, reija Centar. The local judo club is Judo Klub Samobor. The local karate club is Karate klub Samobor.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Samobor is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011" (HTML). Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  2. ^ Treasures of Yugoslavia states "granted free trading rights before 1242".

External linksEdit