Sammy Lee (diver)
Samuel Lee (August 1, 1920 – December 2, 2016) was an American physician and diver. He was the first Asian American man to win an Olympic gold medal for the United States (the second Asian American to win a gold medal overall) and the first man to win back-to-back gold medals in Olympic platform diving.
Lee at the 1952 Olympics
|Born||August 1, 1920|
Fresno, California, U.S.
|Died||December 2, 2016 (aged 96)|
Newport Beach, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery|
|Alma mater||Occidental College (B.S.)|
University of Southern California School of Medicine (M.D.)
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army Medical Corps|
|Years of service||1947-1955|
Early life and educationEdit
Lee was born in Fresno, California to parents of Korean descent who owned what he described as "a little chop suey restaurant". His father was fluent in English and Korean, tutored in French, graduated with a degree in civil engineering from Occidental College, and opened a chop suey restaurant and market. As a twelve-year-old living near Los Angeles in 1932, Lee saw and was motivated by the many Olympics banners and souvenirs on display for the Summer Olympics being held in Los Angeles that year. Later that summer, he found that he could do somersaults much better than all of his friends, which led to his goal of becoming an Olympic champion in diving.
Lee's parents moved to Highland Park, a neighborhood of Los Angeles. At the time, however, Latinos, Asians and African-Americans were only allowed to use the nearby Brookside Park Plunge in Pasadena on Wednesdays, on what was called "international day": the day before the pool was scheduled to be drained and refilled with clean water. Because Lee needed a place to practice and could not regularly use the public pool, his coach dug a pit in his backyard and filled it with sand. Lee practiced by jumping into the pit.
Lee attended Franklin High School and later was a student-athlete at Occidental, where he received his undergraduate degree before attending the University of Southern California School of Medicine, where he received his M.D. in 1947. He joined the Army Reserve to pay for his medical school tuition.
Under the tutelage of renowned diving coach Jim Ryan, Lee won the United States National Diving Championships in 1942 in both the 3-meter springboard and the 10-meter platform events, becoming the first person of color to capture the United States national championship in diving. In 1946, he again triumphed at the 10-meter platform event while finishing third at the 3-meter springboard competition at the national diving competition in San Diego.
At the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, England, Lee earned a bronze medal in the 3-meter springboard and a gold medal in 10-meter platform diving events. In so doing, he became the second Asian American to earn a gold medal, behind only Vicki Draves, who won an Olympic gold medal two days earlier in springboard diving.
Military and medical careersEdit
Four years later, by then a major in the United States Army Medical Corps, he expected to serve in the Korean War, but he was instead sent to compete in the Olympic Games ("but you better win", he was told). He won the gold medal in the 10-meter platform competition at the Olympics in Helsinki, Finland.
Lee served in the U.S. Army Medical Corps in South Korea from 1953 to 1955, where he specialized in diseases of the ear. In 1953, while serving his tour of duty in Korea, he won the James E. Sullivan Award in 1953, which is awarded annually by the Amateur Athletic Union to the most outstanding amateur athlete in the United States.
He continued to experience discrimination in later life. In 1954, he faced housing discrimination in Garden Grove, California, where he attempted to buy a home only to be told that he could not, and in one case having nearby residents gather petition signatures to "disallow" or discourage him from buying in "their" neighborhood. (In the latter case, a counterpetition sought to rectify this prejudice, but the discriminatory effect had been achieved, and Lee looked elsewhere.)
Lee practiced as an ear, nose and throat doctor for 35 years before retiring in 1990.
Following Lee's diving career, he helped coach two-time diving gold medalist Bob Webster. Later, he coached Greg Louganis, who lived with Lee's family before winning a silver medal in platform diving at the 1976 Olympics at the age of 16. Lee also coached Olympic medalist Pat McCormick.
Honors and awardsEdit
Sammy Lee Square, at the corner of Olympic Boulevard and Normandie Avenue in Los Angeles' Koreatown, was named after him in 2010. He was also honored with a spot on the Anaheim/Orange County Walk of Stars in 2009. The Los Angeles Unified School District honored Lee by renaming Central Region Elementary School #20 as the Dr. Sammy Lee Medical and Health Sciences Magnet School in 2013.
Personal life and deathEdit
Lee was married to Rosalind Wong; the couple had a daughter and a son. Lee died from complications of pneumonia on December 2, 2016 at his home in Newport Beach, California, aged 96. He also suffered from dementia and heart disease.
- Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Sammy Lee". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020.
- Almasy, Steve (August 22, 2008). "After 60 years, Olympians are fast friends again". CNN.
- Williams, Juan & Halberstam, David (2004). My Soul Looks Back in Wonder: Voices of the Civil Rights Experience. Sterling. ISBN 9781402722332. OCLC 61848837.
- Aquitania, Ray E. M.D. (2011). Jock-Docs: World-Class Athletes Wearing White Coats. ISBN 9781609106126. OCLC 743113688.
- Baker, Chris (June 16, 1990). "Physical, Spiritual Blights Are Eliminated : Swimming: Pasadena's new aquatic complex replaces an eyesore, lays to rest memories of racism for former Olympian". Los Angeles Times.
- Zarnow, Teryl (October 20, 2011). "Oral history? Telling it like it was". Orange County Register.
- Ortiz, Erik (November 18, 2006). "Diver shows how guts outweigh skin: The sport's first Asian-American to win Olympic gold tells pupils about bias and athletics". Orange County Register.
- Margolis, Jane (2008). Stuck In the Shallow End: Education, Race and Computing. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press. ISBN 9780262260961. OCLC 792730600.
- McFadden, Robert (December 3, 2016). "Sammy Lee, First Asian-American to Earn Olympic Gold, Dies at 96". The New York Times.
- Valerie J. Nelson, and Nathan Fenno (December 3, 2016). "Sammy Lee, diver who became first Asian American to win Olympic medal, dies at 96". Los Angeles Times.
- Cabanilla, Devin Israel (December 15, 2016). "Media fail to give REAL first Asian American Olympic gold medalist her due". The Seattle Globalist. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
- "Fair Housing In the Cold War Era". California State University, Fullerton. April 28, 2011.
- "Special Educational Panel Discussion Covering Fair Housing in Orange County During Cold War Era" (PDF). Fullerton Arboretum. May 4, 2011.
- Bates, Karen Grigsby (December 5, 2016). "Sammy Lee Climbed Above Racism, Dove Into Olympic History". NPR.
- Nelson, Valerie J. (December 3, 2016). "Asian American to win Olympic medal, dies at 96". The San Diego Union-Tribune.
- Crowe, Jerry (May 30, 2011). "Lee never let racism block his march to diving glory". Los Angeles Times.
- Wampler, Molly Frick (1987). Not Without Honor: The Story of Sammy Lee. Fithian Press. p. 213. ISBN 9780936784373.
- "Sammy Lee One of Seven Inducted Into U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame : Diving: Huntington Beach doctor, who won gold medals in 1948 and '52, makes a splash during induction ceremony". Los Angeles Times. July 7, 1990.
- "LA Square Named After Korean-American Diver". KBS World. August 6, 2010.
- Sung-woo, Chun (August 9, 2010). "Sammy Lee Square dedicated in L.A. to honor diving legend". Korea Herald.
- "City Council 10-1231" (PDF). Los Angeles City Council. July 22, 2010.
- Tully, Sarah (May 26, 2009). "Sammy Lee gets a star and, he jokes, a headstone". Orange County Register. Archived from the original on June 26, 2012.
- "LAUSD starts new school year with promise, excitement". Los Angeles Daily News. August 13, 2013.
- Plummer, Mary (May 15, 2013). "New name for South LA school 'Diego Rivera Learning Complex' flies under the radar". KPCC.
- Nelson, Valerie J. & Fenno, Nathan (December 3, 2016). "Sammy Lee, diver who became first Asian American to win Olympic medal, dies at 96". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
- Sklar, Debbie (December 3, 2016). "First Asian American Olympic gold medalist dies in Newport Beach". MyNewsLA.com.
- "Diving Legend Sammy Lee Passes Away At Age 96". Swimming World. December 3, 2016.
- Fernbach, Erika (2012). Sammy Lee: Promises to Keep. CreateSpace Independent Publishing. ISBN 978-1482614824. OCLC 984362037.
- Wampler, Molly Frick (1987). Not Without Honor: The Story of Sammy Lee. Fithian Press. ISBN 978-0936784373. OCLC 16130952.
- Yoo, Paula; Lee, Dom (2010). Sixteen Years in Sixteen Seconds: The Sammy Lee Story. Lee & Low Books. ISBN 978-1600604539. OCLC 700698663.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sammy Lee (diver).|