Samet Ağaoğlu

Samet Ağaoğlu (1909, Bakü - 6 Ağustos 1982, İstanbul[1]) was a Turkish–Azerbaijani writer and politician. He was the son of the famous Azerbaijani philosopher Ahmet bey Agaoglu.[2]

Samet Ağaoğlu
Turkish Trade Minister
In office
6 December 1954 – 8 February 1958
Preceded byFethi Çelikbaş
Succeeded byİbrahim Sıtkı Yırcalı
Minister of Labor of Turkey
In office
11 November 1952 – 8 April 1953
Preceded byNuri Özsarı
Succeeded byHayrettin Erkmen
Turkish Deputy Prime Minister
In office
5 June 1950 – 10 November 1952
Preceded byNihat Erim
Succeeded byFatin Rüştü Zorlu
Personal details
Born1909
Baku, Russian Empire
Died6 August 1982(1982-08-06) (aged 73)
Istanbul, Turkey

Early lifeEdit

She was born in 1909 in Baku. His father was Ahmed bey Agaoglu, his mother was Sitara khanum. The family was originally from Shusha.

Ağaoğlu was the daughter of Ahmet Ağaoğlu, a prominent Azerbaijani and later Turkish politician of the early 20th century.[3] After the fall of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1920, the Ağaoğlus moved to Turkey.[4]

Samet graduated from Ankara University, Law School in 1931. After he went to Strasbourg for study PhD, but returned because his father's work was not going well.

Political careerEdit

He joined the Democratic Party when he began practicing law. He won the 1950, 1954 and 1957 elections and was elected a member of parliament from Manisa. He was a member of the IX, X, XI Parliament of Turkey. He served as Deputy Prime Minister from 1950 to 1952, Minister of Labor from 1952 to 1953, and Minister of Commerce from 1954 to 1958. He was arrested during a military coup on May 27, 1960 and sentenced to life imprisonment. He was pardoned in 1964 while imprisoned in Yassiada. After that, he was not directly involved in politics.[5]

Literary careerEdit

Samet Ağaoğlu, who started writing in high school, published a magazine called "Hep Gençlik" with friends such as Behçet Kemal Çağlar and Ahmet Muhip Dıranas between 1929-1931.[6]

He appeared with his first stories about his life in Strasbourg. Because of his political work, he published his books at long intervals, but he did not break with the literature until the end of his life. Samet Ağaoğlu, who also wrote many articles with political content, published his stories and essays in important magazines of the period such as Varlık, Yücel, and Çığır. He also used the signature of Samet Agayef in his writings.[7]

He came to his homeland Azerbaijan in 1967 and dedicated a chapter of the book "Soviet Russian Empire" to Azerbaijan.[8]

WorksEdit

Stories:

  • 1944 Strassburg Hatıraları
  • 1950 Zürriyet
  • 1953 Öğretmen Gafur
  • 1957 Büyük Aile
  • 1964 Hücredeki Adam
  • 1965 Katırın Ölümü

Memories:

  • 1940 Babamdan Hatıralar
  • 1958 Babamın Arkadaşları
  • 1965 Aşina Yüzler
  • 1967 Arkadaşım Menderes
  • 1972 Marmara'da Bir Ada
  • 1973 Demokrat Parti'nin Doğuş ve Yıkılış Sebepleri-Bir Soru
  • 1978 İlk Köşe
  • 1992 Siyasi Günlük:Demokrat Partinin Kuruluşu

Review:

  • 1944 Kuvayı Milliye Ruhu
  • 1947 İki Parti Arasındaki Siyasi Farklar

Travel:

  • 1967 Sovyet Rusya İmparatorluğu

FamilyEdit

Her father Ahmet bey Agaoglu was a prominent Azerbaijani and naturalized Turkish politician, publicist and journalist. He was one of the founders of Pan-Turkism.[9] His sister Süreyya Ağaoğlu was a writer, jurist, and the first female lawyer in Turkish history.[10][11] His sister Tezer Taskıran writer, politician and enlightener. She was one of the Turkey's first women member of parliament.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.byegm.gov.tr/yayinlarimiz/ayintarihi/1982/agustos1982.htm T.C. Başbakanlık Basın-Yayın ve Enformasyon Genel Müdürlüğü Ağustos 1982 Bülteni
  2. ^ "GÖRKƏMLİ AZƏRBAYCANLILAR" (PDF).
  3. ^ İbrahim Sarı. Türk Tarihinde Kadın: Türklerde Kadın Baş Tacıydı…. noktaekitap; March 1, 2018. GGKEY:9RDRN2BTDSL. p. 93–.
  4. ^ Bekir Bakan. Türkiye'deki Kadın Hak İhlalleri. Cinius Yayınları; June 1, 2012. ISBN 978-605-127-468-3. p. 148–.
  5. ^ M. ORHAN OKAY. "AĞAOĞLU, Samet". islamansiklopedisi.org.tr. Archived from the original on 2 April 2021.
  6. ^ Alangu, Tahir (1965). Cumhuriyetten Sonra Hikâye ve Roman. 1358. İstanbul. p. 39.
  7. ^ Yıldırım, Tahsin (2006). Edebiyatımızda Müstear İsimler. İstanbul: Selis Kitaplar. p. 39. ISBN 975-8724-79-7.
  8. ^ "YAZIÇI VƏ DÖVLƏT XADİMİ SƏMƏD AĞAOĞLUNUN "HEKAYƏLƏR VƏ MEMUARLAR"I". azertag.az. 2009. Archived from the original on 2 April 2021.
  9. ^ Khalid, Adeeb (1998). The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia. University of California Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-520-21356-2.
  10. ^ Ghada Talhami. Historical Dictionary of Women in the Middle East and North Africa. Scarecrow Press; December 19, 2012. ISBN 978-0-8108-7086-4. p. 355–.
  11. ^ Fahri Sakal. Ağaoğlu Ahmed Bey. Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi; 1999. ISBN 978-975-16-1112-3. p. 13, 47, 62.
  12. ^ "Tezer Taşkıran". www.biyografya.com. 2012. Archived from the original on March 12, 2021. Retrieved March 12, 2021.