Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti (Georgian: სამეგრელო-ზემო სვანეთი) is a region (Mkhare) in western Georgia with a population of 308,358 (2021[3]) and a surface of 7,468 km2 (2,883 sq mi).[2] The region has Zugdidi as its administrative center, while Giorgi Guguchia is governor of the region since June 2021.[5][6] Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti is compiled of the historical Georgian provinces of Samegrelo (Mingrelia) and Zemo Svaneti (i.e., Upper Svaneti).

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
სამეგრელო-ზემო სვანეთი
Mkhare (region)
From the top to bottom right: Enguri River, Dadiani Palace, Mestia at night, Tetnuldi, Martvili Monastery
Country Georgia
CapitalZugdidi
Subdivisions1 city, 8 municipalities[1]
Government
 • GovernorGiorgi Guguchia (2 June 2021)
Area
 • Total7,468 km2 (2,883 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total308,358[3]
Time zoneUTC+4 (Georgian Time)
ISO 3166 codeGE-SZ
HDI (2021)0.765[4]
high · 5th

Subdivisions edit

The region has one self governing city (Poti) and 8 municipalities with 143 administrative communities (temi),[2] totalling to 531 populated settlements:

Map Municipality
 
City of Poti
Abasha Municipality
Zugdidi Municipality
Martvili Municipality
Mestia Municipality
Senaki Municipality
Chkhorotsku Municipality
Tsalenjikha Municipality
Khobi Municipality

Geography edit

The Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti Mkhare can be split into two historical regions; Svaneti and Samegrelo. In the northern part of Samegrelo lies the Egrisi Mountains. The municipalities of Chkhorotsqu, Martvili, and Tsalenjikha are located right next to the Egrisi mountain range in Northern Samegrelo. In the south lies the Kolkheti valley, which is a mostly flat region. The municipalities that lie in the valley are Zugdidi, Khobi, Senaki, Abasha, and the city of Poti. The west side of Samegrelo borders Apkhazeti right on the Enguri River and the east borders Imeretion the Tskhenistsqali River. The important Rioni River of West Georgia also passes through Samegrelo, flowing into the black sea in the coty of Poti. The other region; Zemo Svaneti, is located right next to the Northern Caucasus Mountain Range. Its only municipality is Mestia. Svaneti has the tallest mountain in Georgia, Mt. Shkhara, at 5,193 meters, or 17,037 feet.

Demographic edit

Population development of the region Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti[7]
1959 1970 1979 1989 2002* 2002** 2014 2021
Abasha Municipality 30,286   30,416   29,246   28,219   28,707 -   22,341   19,560
Khobi Municipality 31,280   37,653   38,092   38,939   41,240 -   30,548   27,806
Martvili Municipality 47,777   49,167   47,797   46,009   44,627 -   33,463   31,495
Mestia Municipality 16,311   17,801   17,442   14,776   14,248 -   9,316   9,447
City of Poti 48,117   45,979   48,508   50,922   47,149 -   41,465   41,536
Senaki Municipality 47,553   50,336   50,774   52,681   52,112 -   39,652   34,315
Tsalenjikha Municipality 29,019   37,813   39,477   38,643   40,133 -   26,158   23,296
Chkhorotsku Municipality 27,647   30,784   31,404   29,840   30,124 -   22,309   21,361
Zugdidi Municipality 96,643   112,241   120,217   125,444   167,760 -   105,509   99,542
Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti 374,633   412,190   422,957   425,473 466,100   416,349   330,761   308,358
* Research after 2014 census showed the 2002 census was inflated by 8-9 percent.[8]
**Corrected data based on retro-projection 1994–2014 in collaboration with UN[9]

Ethnic groups edit

According to the Georgian census of 2014,[2] 99.37% of the population is Georgian and 0.35% is Russian. Other ethnic groups living in the region include Ukrainians, Armenians, Abkhazians and Greeks.

Languages edit

Georgian is spoken by the entire population of the region and by the ethnic minorities like Russians and others. Mingrelian is a Kartvelian language spoken by the Mingrelians, a sub-group of Georgian people and native to Mingrelia.

Svan is also a Kartvelian language, spoken by the Svans, a sub-group of Georgian people native to Svaneti.

Religion edit

About 99% of the population identifies as Orthodox Christians. Small minorities of Armenian Christians and Roman Catholics also exist.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Regions and municipalities of Georgia" (in Georgian). Georgian Government. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  2. ^ a b c d "Main Results of the 2014 Census (Publication)" (PDF). Census.ge, National Statistics Office of Georgia (Geostat) (in Georgian). 2016-04-28. p. 229. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Demography - Population as of 1 January by regions and urban-rural settlements". Retrieved 2021-11-23.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  5. ^ "Giorgi Guguchia Appointed Governor of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti". Georgia Today. 2021-06-02. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  6. ^ "State Representative of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti". Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti website (in Georgian). 2021-06-02. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  7. ^ "Divisions of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  8. ^ "Population Dynamics in Georgia - An Overview Based on the 2014 General Population Census Data" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2017-11-29. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  9. ^ "Retro-projection of main demographic indicators for the period 1994-2014". National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2018-05-18. pp. 3, Table 1. Retrieved 2022-02-04.

External links edit

42°30′N 41°51′E / 42.5°N 41.85°E / 42.5; 41.85