Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti (Georgian: სამეგრელო-ზემო სვანეთი) is a region (Mkhare) in western Georgia which includes the historical Georgian provinces of Samegrelo (Mingrelia) and Zemo Svaneti (i.e., Upper Svaneti) and has Zugdidi as its capital.

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti

სამეგრელო-ზემო სვანეთი
Mkhare (region)
Location of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
Country Georgia
CapitalZugdidi
Subdivisions1 city, 7 municipalities
Government
 • GovernorAlexander Motserelia
Area
 • Total7,440 km2 (2,870 sq mi)
Population
 (2014 census)
 • Total331,145
 • Density45/km2 (120/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeGE-SZ
HDI (2017)0.757[1]
high · 5th

SubdivisionsEdit

Map Municipality
 
City of Poti
Abasha Municipality
Zugdidi Municipality
Martvili Municipality
Mestia Municipality
Senaki Municipality
Chkhorotsku Municipality
Tsalenjikha Municipality
Khobi Municipality

GeographyEdit

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti is traversed by two sections of the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

DemographicEdit

Ethnic groupsEdit

According to the Georgian census of 2002, 98.9% of the population is Georgian and 0.9% is Russian. Other ethnic groups live in the region, including Ukrainians, Armenians, Abkhazians and Greeks.

LanguagesEdit

Georgian is spoken by the entire population of the region and by the ethnic minorities like Russians and others. Mingrelian is a Kartvelian language spoken by the Mingrels, a sub-group of Georgian people and native to Mingrelia. Svan is also a Kartvelian language, spoken by the Svans, a sub-group of Georgian people native to Svaneti.

ReligionEdit

About 99% of the population identifies as Orthodox Christians. A little minority of Armenian Christians and Roman Catholics also exist.

General informationEdit

The area of the region is 7,441 km2 (2,873 sq mi), the population is 330,000. The administrative center is Zugdidi. In the region, there are 500 populated areas, including:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.

External linksEdit


Coordinates: 42°30′N 41°51′E / 42.5°N 41.85°E / 42.5; 41.85