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Same-sex marriage became legal in the Mexican state of Colima on 12 June 2016. On 25 May 2016, a bill to legalise same-sex marriage in the state passed the Congress of Colima and was published as law in the state's official newspaper on 11 June 2016. It came into effect the next day.

Civil unionsEdit

On 4 July 2013, the State Congress approved an amendment to Article 147 of the state Constitution to formalize same-sex civil unions (Spanish: enlace conyugal). Within 30 days, seven of Colima's ten municipalities had approved the constitutional change.[1][2][3] An appeal to the changes was filed and the Supreme Court agreed in August 2014 to review it.[4] Deliberations began at the Supreme Court in September 2014 to determine whether the new Civil Code which provided only "wedlock" for same-sex couples and "marriage" to opposite-sex couples was discrimination via sexual orientation.[5] On 18 March 2015, a district judge declared that "separate but equal treatment is discriminatory" and unconstitutional.[6] The decision also stated that section 201 of the Civil Code, which defined gendered roles for men and women, was discriminatory and reiterated that adoption open to heterosexual married couples must also be open to homosexual couples.[7] Shortly after the ruling, a local LGBT rights group announced that it would help any couple who joined in a civil union to receive a marriage certificate.[8] The state appealed the ruling and on 17 June 2015, the Mexican Supreme Court agreed that the "separate but equal" union laws were unconstitutional.[9] The state subsequently announced that the civil union law would be repealed.

On 5 May 2016, Colima's Congress unanimously repealed their partnership law through reform of Article 147.[10] All previous partnerships performed before the repeal of the civil union legislation are recognised by the state and can be converted to marriage upon request.[11]

MarriageEdit

 
Same-sex unions performed in Mexican states
  Same-sex marriages performed*
  Civil unions performed; marriage by amparo only
  Marriage not performed (except by amparo) despite Supreme Court order
  Marriage accessible by amparo or by traveling out of state
*Legislation is not equal in all states. See details.

InjunctionsEdit

On 22 January 2013, the civil registrar of Cuauhtémoc received a request from a same-sex couple to marry. After a team of lawyers reviewed the petition on 27 February 2013,[12] basing the decision on the declaration of the unconstitutionality of discriminatory laws, Mayor Vizcaíno Indira Silva, from the municipality of Cuauhtémoc, granted the first same-sex marriage license in Colima.[13] On 25 March 2013, a second same-sex marriage (and the first lesbian union) occurred.[14] A third same-sex marriage in Cuauhtémoc was held on 4 April 2013 for a lesbian couple and the registrar announced at that time there were 20 to 30 marriages scheduled on the calendar.[15] On 9 June 2013, a male gay couple was granted an injunction to marry in Colima.[16]

On 14 June 2013, Judge Rosa Lilia Vargas Valle, of the Second District Court, ruled that the Colima Civil Code was unconstitutional in limiting marriage to opposite-sex couples.[16][17]

Constitutional banEdit

On 4 July 2013, the State Congress approved an amendment to Article 147 of the Colimense Constitution defining marriage as the union between a man and a woman, thus constitutionally banning same-sex marriage (the amendment also formalized same-sex civil unions).[2][3][18]

On 5 May 2016, the State Congress unanimously repealed Colima's constitutional ban on same-sex marriage.[19] Paving the way for a bill legalizing same-sex marriage in the state to be approved.

LegislationEdit

Following the Mexican Supreme Court's ruling on 17 June 2015 declaring that a "separate but equal" treatment for same-sex couples is discriminatory and unconstitutional,[9] the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) submitted a same-sex marriage bill to Congress.[20] The bill would also allow same-sex couples to adopt children jointly.[21]

A vote on the legislation was scheduled for May 2016.[10] The bill was approved on 25 May 2016 in a unanimous 24-0 vote.[22][23] It was published in the state's official journal on 11 June 2016 and came into effect the following day.[11]

Political party Members Yes No Abstain Absent
  National Action Party 13 13
  Institutional Revolutionary Party 8 7 1
  Citizens' Movement 1 1
  New Alliance Party 1 1
  Labor Party 1 1
  Ecologist Green Party of Mexico 1 1
Total 25 24 1

Public opinionEdit

A 2017 opinion poll conducted by Gabinete de Comunicación Estratégica found that 47% of Colima residents supported same-sex marriage. Another 47% were opposed.[24]

According to a 2018 survey by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI), 39% of the Colima public opposed same-sex marriage.[25]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Congreso de Colima aprueba uniones civiles entre personas del mismo sexo". CNN México. 4 July 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Congreso de Colima aprueba enlaces conyugales de parejas gay" (in Spanish). informador.mx. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b Quilles, Alfredo (29 July 2013). "Colima declara válida la ley sobre bodas gay" (in Spanish). El Universal. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
  4. ^ "SCJN analizará amparo sobre unión gay en Colima; podrían 'tumbar' enlaces conyugales". Colima 3.0.
  5. ^ "Revisarán normas sobre uniones homosexuales y heterosexuales". planoinformativo.com.
  6. ^ Zamora Briseño, Pedro (18 March 2015). "Avala la Corte matrimonios entre personas del mismo sexo en Colima" (in Spanish). Proceso. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  7. ^ Michel, Elena (18 March 2015). "Inconstitucional, diferenciar matrimonios en Colima: SCJN" (in Spanish). El Universal. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  8. ^ Oscar Cervantes. "Comité de Diversidad Sexual apoyará para que Enlaces Conyugales reciban acta de matrimonio - Colima Noticias". Colima Noticias.
  9. ^ a b "EL "ENLACE CONYUGAL" ESTABLECIDO EN COLIMA VULNERA DERECHO A LA IGUALDAD Y NO DISCRIMINACIÓN: PRIMERA SALA". Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación. 17 June 2015. Archived from the original on 18 June 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  10. ^ a b Anula Congreso Enlaces Conyugales Archived 12 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ a b DECRETO No. 103 Colima, Col., Sábado 11 de Junio del año 2016
  12. ^ "Colima abre las puertas al matrimonio gay". Animal Político.
  13. ^ "Alcaldesa aprueba matrimonio gay en Colima amparada en la Constitución". cnn.com. 22 March 2013.
  14. ^ Oscar Adrián Luna. "Celebran segundo matrimonio gay en Cuauhtémoc". Perriodismo.
  15. ^ "Se realiza la tercera boda gay en Colima". Vanguardia.
  16. ^ a b "Abogado oaxaqueño logra que se consume matrimonio gay en Colima". Proceso.com.mx. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  17. ^ Briseño, Pedro Zamora (20 June 2013). "Inconstitucional, prohibición de matrimonios gay en Colima: Juzgado federal". Diario Avanzada. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  18. ^ (in Spanish) Aprueban reforma para celebrar matrimonios civiles gay en Colima
  19. ^ (in Spanish) Colima deroga artículo que excluía a parejas gay del matrimonio
  20. ^ "Presenta Paco Rodríguez propuesta para permitir las bodas gay en la entidad". cndigital.mx. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  21. ^ "Parejas del mismo sexo pueden adoptar en Colima: funcionario del DIF". Ángel Guardián. 14 June 2016. Archived from the original on 15 June 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  22. ^ Flores, Juan Carlos (25 May 2016). "Aprueba congreso matrimonios igualitarios y protestan grupos conservadores". Colima Noticias (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  23. ^ Colima aprueba matrimonio igualitario
  24. ^ (in Spanish) Encuesta nacional 2017, Gabinete de Comunicación Estratégica
  25. ^ "¿Quién está en contra del matrimonio gay?". El Sol de México (in Spanish). 15 April 2019.