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Sama Chakeva or Sama Chakeba is one of the important festivals of the young brothers and sisters in the northern part of India and east part of Nepal. It is mainly celebrated in Mithila region which is expanded from Bihar, Jharkhand (states of India) to the Nepal's Tarai. It is celebrated in November and commences when birds begin their migration from the Himalayas down towards the plains of India. According to the Hindustan Times, the festival, which includes folk theater and song, celebrates the love between brothers and sisters and is based on a legend recounted in the Puranas. It tells the story of Sama, a daughter of Krishna who had been falsely accused of wrongdoing. Her father punished her by turning her into a bird, but the love and sacrifice of her brother Chakeva eventually allowed her to regain human form. The celebration starts from the night of chhath puja in Bihar and Jharkhand. This is the 7th day of the month of Kartik. Young, mostly unmarried girls assemble near the ghats of chhath with a basket containing small idols of sama and chakeva, candles, kohl etc. at night. They sing traditional songs, perform some rituals, like making kohl, exchanging baskets. This celebration continues till Kartik Purnima. On the auspicious occasion of Kartik Purnima, girls take a dip in river and the idols of sama and chakeva are immersed in the river.[1][2]

Sama Chakeva
Also called Sama Chakeba
Observed by Hindu
Type Cultural, Historical, Religious
Significance signifies the brother and sister relationship
Begins the day after Kartik Shashthi
Ends Kartik purnamasi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bishnu K Jha, (22 November 2012). "Mithila's submerged in Sama-Chakeva celebrations". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  2. ^ Sunita Pant Bansal (2005). Encyclopaedia of India, pp. 71-72. Smriti Books, ISBN 8187967714