Sam Mirza Safavi

Abolnasr Sam Mirza Safavi (16 October 1517 – 1566) was a Safavid prince, a son of king (shah) Ismail I (r. 1501–1514). He was an art lover and was the author of the book Tazkare ye Sami or Tohfe ye Sami about poetry and poets.[1]


Persian manuscript of Sam Mirza's Tohfe ye Sami, dated 1614

Tahmasp I, Sam Mirza's elder brother, appointed him as a teenager, to be the governor of Herat in his third campaign to Khorasan and appointed Aghzivar Khan as Sam Mirza's custodian.

Sam Mirza balked at his brother's action upon his retainers' instigation, but he regretted later and asked his brother for forgiveness. Tahmasp I forgave him and took him from Khorasan to Qazvin. In Qazvin, Sam Mirza was a companion of Tahmasp I. In 1549, Sam Mirza asked his brother to allow him to remain in a place for praying. Tahmasp I appointed him as custodian of the mausoleum of Safi-ad-din Ardabili and the governor of Ardabil. At the time he was a governor and custodian and his house was the meeting place of scientists, poets and artists.

In 1561, Sam Mirza asked Tahmasp I to send him to Khorasan. The Shah agreed, but he changed his mind later and sent his and his two children to the Qahqaheh castle near Ardebil. Finally in 1566, Tahmasp I ordered the death of Sam Mirza and his children and also Alqas Mirza's children.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

Sam Mirza was born by one of Ismail I's Georgian wives.[3] In 1578, 'Isa Khan Gorji (Jesse) married a daughter of Sam Mirza, by his wife, a daughter of Husain Khan-e Shamlu.[4][5]


  1. ^ Mehdi Bayani Yassavoli (1966), Ahvâl o Âsâr e Xošnevisân (The Calligrapher's Biographies and Works) (in Persian), Elmi, p. 228
  2. ^ Ghaffarifard, Abbas Gholi (2002). Târix-e Tahavvolât-e Siyâsi Eĵtemâi Eqtesâdi yo Farhangi-ye Iran dar Dorân-e Safaviye [The History of political, social, economical and cultural developments in Iran in the Safavid era] (in Persian). Samt. pp. 132–134. ISBN 978-964-459-631-5.
  3. ^ Newman 2008, pp. 21, 27.
  4. ^ Bierbrier, Morris (Fall 1997). "The Descendants of Theodora Comnena of Trebizond". The Genealogist. 11 (2): 242.
  5. ^ Montgomery, Hugh, ed. (1980). Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 2. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 139. ISBN 0850110297.


Further readingEdit