Constantine II of Cagliari

(Redirected from Salusio III of Cagliari)

Constantine II[1] (circa 1100 – 1163) was the giudice of Cagliari (as Salusio III[2] from circa 1129). He was called de Pluminus after his capital city.[3]

Costantino Salusio III
Judge/King of Cagliari
Reign1130-1163
PredecessorMariano II Torchitorio II
SuccessorPietro Torchitorio III
Died1163
SpouseGiorgia of Gunale
Sardinia of Arborea
IssueSinispella, Queen of Cagliari
Preziosa
Giorgia, Marchioness of Massa
HouseLacon-Gunale
FatherMariano II Torchitorio II
MotherGiorgia of Lacon
ReligionRoman Catholicism

He was the only son of Torchitorio II. From his youth he was associated as co-ruler with his father. He first bears the title iudex Caralitanus in a document of 13 February 1130 in which he confirmed certain donations of his father in Pisa. As it was traditional for a giudice to begin his reign by confirm some grant of his predecessor's, this 1130 confirmation probably indicates that Constantine's reign began just before that date.

Constantine continued to support Western monasticism in his domains. The monks, mostly foreign immigrants, brought economic, technological, ecclesiastic, agricultural, and educational advances as well as close ties to continental Europe. Constantine patronised the monasteries founded by monks from Saint-Victor in Marseille, who dominated religious life in Cagliari at the turn of the twelfth century. However, surging Pisan religious houses came into conflict the Provençal monasteries, while the archbishop of Cagliari came into conflict with not only the archbishop of Pisa, but also Constantine. Nevertheless, the 1150s saw restoration and renovation of sacred art and edifices. Along with Gonario II of Torres and Comita I of Gallura, Constantine pledged fidelity to the archbishop of Pisa. All this suggests strong allegiance to the reformed papacy despite the still near-autonomous status of Cagliari at the time.

Constantine's first wife was Giorgia de Unale (a noble family from Naples.) His second wife was Sardinia de Zori, by whom he had three daughters. The eldest married Peter of Torres, who succeeded Constantine on his death in 1163. The second daughter, Giorgia, married Obert, Margrave of Massa; the third, Preziosa, Tedice di Donoratico (della Gherardesca), Pisan count of Castagneto.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Sometimes Constantine III. Also spelled Costantino, Gosantine, Goantine, or Gantine.
  2. ^ The giudici of Cagliari alternated between the regnal names Torchitorio de Ugunale and Salusio de Lacon.
  3. ^ The giudici of Cagliari had long abandoned that city when Constantine succeeded to the throne. Ruined by Saracen ravages, the giudici had been forced to search out a more defensible seat of government, deciding eventually on Pluminus.

SourcesEdit

  • Ghisalberti, Aldo (ed). Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani: XXX Cosattini – Crispolto. Rome, 1984.
Preceded by Giudice of Cagliari
1129–1163
Succeeded by