Salticinae is a subfamily of jumping spiders (family Salticidae). It includes over 90% of the known species of jumping spiders.[1] The subfamily is divided into two unranked clades: Amycoida and Salticoida.[1]

Salticinae
Kaldari Naphrys pulex 02.jpg
Adult male Naphrys pulex, a member of the Salticoida clade
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Salticidae
Subfamily: Salticinae
Blackwall, 1841
Subgroups

DescriptionEdit

Members of the subfamily Salticinae have a number of features in common that distinguish them from the remaining salticids. Females lack a tarsal claw on the pedipalp. The palpal bulb of male basal salticids has a distinctive median apophysis, which is absent in the subfamily, and the cymbium is constricted at the tibial joint. Members also have a more complex tracheal system, which may be connected with their movements, which are more abrupt than other salticids, giving them a recognizable gait.[1]

TaxonomyEdit

PhylogenyEdit

The relationships among the basal salticids are not yet fully resolved; summary cladograms published in both 2014 and 2015 show unresolved branching for five basal subfamilies. However, Hisponinae is resolved as sister to Salticinae, which is the most derived subfamily.[2][1]

Salticidae

Onomastinae

Asemoneinae

Lyssomaninae

Spartaeinae

Eupoinae

Hisponinae

Salticinae

Amycoida

Salticoida

ClassificationEdit

In 2015, Wayne Maddison divided the subfamily into 27 tribes with a total of about 540 extant genera. The tribes were grouped into a number of clades.[1]

Subfamily Salticinae

clade Amycoida – 9 tribes
clade Salticoida – 18 tribes in total, most grouped into 3 subclades:
basal – 2 tribes
Astioida – 5 tribes
Marpissoida – 3 tribes
Saltafresia – 8 tribes

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Maddison, Wayne P. (November 2015). "A phylogenetic classification of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae)". Journal of Arachnology. 43 (3): 231–292. doi:10.1636/arac-43-03-231-292. S2CID 85680279.
  2. ^ Maddison, W.P.; Li, D.Q.; Bodner, M.; Zhang, J.X.; Xu, X.; Liu, Q.Q. & Liu, F.X. (2014). "The deep phylogeny of jumping spiders (Araneae, Salticidae)". ZooKeys (440): 57–87. doi:10.3897/zookeys.440.7891. PMC 4195940. PMID 25317062.