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The Vilayet of Salonica[3] (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت سلانيك‎, Vilâyet-i Selânik) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire from 1867[4] to 1912. In the late 19th century it reportedly had an area of 12,950 square miles (33,500 km2).[5]

ولايت سلانيك
Vilâyet-i Selânik
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire

 

1867–1912
 

 

Location of Salonica Vilayet
Salonica Vilayet in 1900
Capital Salonica[1]
History
 •  Established 1867
 •  First Balkan War 1912
Population
 •  1911[2] 1,347,915 
Today part of  Greece
 North Macedonia
 Bulgaria
Contemporary Turkish map or the Salonica Vilayet

The vilayet was bounded by the Principality (later Kingdom), of Bulgaria on the north; Eastern Rumelia on the northeast (after the Treaty of Berlin); Edirne Vilayet on the east; the Aegean Sea on the south; Monastir Vilayet and the independent sanjak of Serfije on the west (after 1881); the Kosovo Vilayet on the northwest.

The vilayet consisted of present Central and Eastern parts of Greek Macedonia and Pirin Macedonia in Bulgaria. Present Pirin Macedonia part of it was administrated as kazas of Cuma-yı Bala, Petriç, Nevrekop, Menlik, Ropçoz and Razlık.[citation needed] It was dissolved after Balkan Wars and divided among Kingdom of Greece, Kingdom of Serbia and Tsardom of Bulgaria in 1913.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Sanjaks of the Vilayet:[6]

1) Sanjak of Selanik (Thessaloniki, Kesendire, Karaferye, Vodina, Yenice-i Vardar, Langaza, Kılkış (It was also called Avrathisar), Katrin, Aynaroz, Doyran, Usturumca, Tikveş, Gevgili)

2) Sanjak of Siroz (Serez, Zihne, Demirhisar, Razlık, Cuma-yı Bala, Menlik, Nevrekop)

3) Sanjak of Drama (Drama, Kavala, Sarışaban, Taşoz (It was later promoted to sanjak), Pravişte, Dövlen)

4) Sanjak of Taşoz (It was initially part of Sanjak of Drama, its center was Vulgaro)

DemographicsEdit

According to an estimate by Aram Andonian in 1908 there was the following ethnic distribution in the vilayet:[7]

GovernorsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Geographical Dictionary of the World, p. 1626, at Google Books
  2. ^ Teaching Modern Southeast European History Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine. Alternative Educational Materials, p. 26
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Macedonia" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ Rumelia at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  5. ^ Europe by Éliseé Reclus, page 152
  6. ^ Selanik Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
  7. ^ Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913; Edward J. Erickson; Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003; p.41

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit