The Salle Pleyel (French pronunciation: [sal plɛjɛl], meaning "Pleyel Hall") is a concert hall in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France, designed by the acoustician Gustave Lyon together with the architect Jacques Marcel Auburtin, who died in 1926, and the work was completed in 1927 by his collaborators André Granet and Jean-Baptiste Mathon. Its varied programme includes contemporary and popular music.[1][2] Until 2015, the hall was a major venue for classical orchestral music, with Orchestre de Paris and the Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France as resident ensembles.[3]

Salle Pleyel
Address252 rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré[1]
75008 Paris
Public transitParis Métro Paris Métro Line 2 Ternes
Paris Métro Line 1 Paris Métro Line 6 Charles de Gaulle – Étoile
RER RER A Charles de Gaulle – Étoile
Bus 30, 31, 43, 93
TypePerforming arts center
Capacity2,000 seated + extra 500 with removable pit
Current useConcert hall
ArchitectGustave Lyon
Jacques Marcel Auburtin
André Granet
Jean-Baptiste Mathon

Early history edit

An earlier salle Pleyel seating 300 opened in December 1839 at 22 rue Rochechouart. From 1849 to 1869, the impresario Charlotte Tardieu organized four chamber concerts a year at the hall.[4] It saw the premieres of many important works, including Chopin's Ballade Op.38 and Scherzo Op.39 (April 26, 1841), Ballade Op.47 (February 21, 1842) and Barcarolle Op.60 (February 16, 1848), the second (1868) and fifth (1896) piano concertos by Saint-Saëns, Fauré's Violin Sonata No. 1 (27 January 1877), and Ravel's Pavane pour une infante défunte and Jeux d'eau (April 5, 1902) and Sonata for Violin and Cello (April 6, 1922).

A replacement 3,000-seat hall was commissioned in 1927[5] by the piano manufacturer Pleyel et Cie. The design work was divided in two: the main designer of the concert hall was Gustave Lyon, an acoustician, director of the Pleyel musical instrument factory and an inventor of several musical instruments. But he entrusted the architectural design to the architect Jacques Marcel Auburtin, who died in 1926, and the work was completed by two of his collaborators, André Granet and Jean-Baptiste Mathon. The building work began on December 5, 1924 on the land at No. 252 rue du Faubourg-Saint-Honoré, near Place de l'Etoile, and was completed in 1927.[5]

The inauguration concert by the Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, with Robert Casadesus as soloist and Igor Stravinsky, Maurice Ravel, and Philippe Gaubert as conductors, included music by Wagner, Manuel de Falla, Stravinsky, Paul Dukas, Debussy, and Ravel.[5] A fire ravaged the interior of the hall on 28 June 1928[6] and the renovation cost made it impossible to repay the loan to Crédit Lyonnais bank, which eventually took over the property and reduced the seats to 2,400.[5] They in turn sold the hall to Hubert Martigny in 1998.

Stravinsky returned to Paris to conduct the French premiere of Agon in 1957, and of Threni in 1958, both at the Salle Pleyel.[5]

Recent history edit

The hall's auditorium.

From 2002 to 2006, the hall underwent major renovation.[1] The acoustics of the hall and the public and service areas were improved, and seating decreased from the post-fire 2,400 seats to 1,913.[3][5]

The Salle Pleyel has been owned by the Cité de la Musique since 2009. Its status as a classical music venue effectively ended in January 2015, when its programming was transferred to the newly-opened Philharmonie de Paris concert hall.[7][8]

An orchestral concert featuring live performances of music from various Bandai Namco Entertainment-produced video games, such as Dark Souls and Tekken, took place on February 4, 2017.[9] The event was attended by Motoi Sakuraba and Go Shiina, composers of the aforementioned games.[9]

Design influence edit

In terms of influence, at the time of its completion, the concert hall was lauded for its acoustics by the leading modernist architect Le Corbusier. The interior form (tapered plan and curved ceiling) had an influence on the design of churches designed by the Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, firstly in his proposal for a church in Helsinki (1929, unbuilt) but also for a church he designed in Wolfsburg, Germany (built 1960).[10]

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "Paris Music: Salle Pleyel offers top performances in a stylish venue". 17 April 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
  2. ^ "Salle Pleyel". Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Salle Pleyel". Retrieved 2008-08-28.
  4. ^ Ellis, Katharine (2007-05-31). Music Criticism in Nineteenth-Century France: La Revue Et Gazette Musicale de Paris 1834-80. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-03589-7.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "The renovation of the Salle Pleyel". Archived from the original on 2008-06-07. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
  6. ^ Mousnier, J-P., Pierre Monteux. L’Harmattan, Paris and Montréal, 1999, p. 77.
  7. ^ "Salle Pleyel Paris - Almost a Century as a Classical Music Venue Ends".
  8. ^ Lebrecht, Norman, "Thousands Mobilise to Save Classical Music at Salle Pleyel", December 26, 2014, at
  9. ^ a b Osborn, Alex. "Dark Souls to Be Featured in Bandai Namco's Orchestral Concert in Europe". IGN. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  10. ^ Schildt, Göran, Alvar Aalto: A Life's Work - Architecture, Design and Art, Otava, Helsinki, 1994, p.46.

External links edit

48°52′37.18″N 2°18′3.73″E / 48.8769944°N 2.3010361°E / 48.8769944; 2.3010361