Salins-les-Bains

Salins-les-Bains (French pronunciation: ​[salɛ̃ le bɛ̃]) is a commune in the Jura department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.

Salins-les-Bains
The town hall in Salins-les-Bains
The town hall in Salins-les-Bains
Coat of arms of Salins-les-Bains
Location of Salins-les-Bains
Salins-les-Bains is located in France
Salins-les-Bains
Salins-les-Bains
Salins-les-Bains is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Salins-les-Bains
Salins-les-Bains
Coordinates: 46°56′31″N 5°52′45″E / 46.9419°N 5.8792°E / 46.9419; 5.8792Coordinates: 46°56′31″N 5°52′45″E / 46.9419°N 5.8792°E / 46.9419; 5.8792
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentJura
ArrondissementDole
CantonArbois
IntercommunalityCC Arbois, Poligny, Salins - Coeur du Jura
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Michel Cetre[1]
Area
1
24.68 km2 (9.53 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
2,567
 • Density100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
39500 /39110
Elevation284–737 m (932–2,418 ft)
(avg. 350 m or 1,150 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Salins owes its name to its saline waters which shaped the town's history for centuries, and continue to attract visitors today, for the town's bedrock contains salt and gypsum deposits. In 2009 the historic saltworks were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites. The saltworks at Salins-Les-Bains are closely associated with another World Heritage site, the Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans.

GeographyEdit

Salins is situated in the narrow valley of the Furieuse, between two fortified hills, Fort Belin and Fort Saint-André, while to the north rises Mont Poupet (851 m).

HistoryEdit

The territory of Salins, which was enfeoffed in the 10th century by the Abbey of Saint Maurice-en-Valais to the counts of Mâcon, remained in possession of their descendants till 1175. Maurette de Salins, heiress of this dynasty, brought the lordship to the house of Vienne, and her granddaughter sold it in 1225 to Hugh IV of Burgundy, who ceded it in 1237 to John of Chalon in exchange for the county of Chalon. John's descendants, counts and dukes of Burgundy, emperors and kings of the house of Austria all bore the title of sire de Salins.

In 1477 Salins was taken by the French and temporarily made the seat of the parliament of Franche-Comté by Louis XI. In 1668 and 1674 it was retaken by the French and thenceforward remained in their power. In 1825 the town was almost destroyed by fire. In 1871 it successfully resisted the German troops in the Franco-Prussian War.

French composer Charles Galibert (1826–1858) was born in Salins-les-Bains.

Until the early 20th century the slopes surrounding the town were largely covered in vines, which were however almost entirely abandoned after the phylloxera crisis decimated the vineyard. Little trace of this former activity remains today.

For much of the 20th century the town was also famed for its potters, but today only three craftsmen continue to uphold this local tradition.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17938,174—    
18068,374+2.4%
18217,271−13.2%
18316,554−9.9%
18417,481+14.1%
18517,112−4.9%
18617,361+3.5%
18726,045−17.9%
18815,319−12.0%
18916,068+14.1%
19015,525−8.9%
19115,272−4.6%
YearPop.±%
19214,471−15.2%
19314,607+3.0%
19464,363−5.3%
19544,930+13.0%
19624,451−9.7%
19684,259−4.3%
19754,177−1.9%
19823,923−6.1%
19903,629−7.5%
19993,333−8.2%
20082,987−10.4%
20132,796−6.4%

SightsEdit

The town has a Romanesque church, St-Anatoile, which has been well restored, and an hôtel de ville from the 18th century. A 17th-century Jesuit chapel contains a library, established in 1593, and a museum.

TransportationEdit

Salins-les-Bains is on the Paris to Lausanne (Switzerland) road. The closest railway station is in Mouchard, a few kilometres away.

Twin townsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Salins". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 71.
  • INSEE statistics
  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.