Salim bin Sultan

Salim bin Sultan was joint Sultan of Oman with his brother Said bin Sultan, ruling between 1804 and 1806.

Salim bin Sultan
Sultan of Oman
Reign1804–1806
PredecessorSultan bin Ahmad
SuccessorSaid bin Sultan
Died1821
Muscat, Oman
DynastyAl Busaidi
FatherSultan bin Ahmad
MotherSayyida Ghanneyeh bint Saif Al-Busaidi

Salim bin Sultan was son of Sultan bin Ahmad, who ruled Oman from 1792 to 1804. Sultan bin Ahmad died in 1804 on an expedition to Basra. He appointed Mohammed bin Nasir bin Mohammed al-Jabry as the Regent and guardian of his two sons, Salim bin Sultan and Said bin Sultan.[1] Sultan's brother Qais bin Ahmad, ruler of Sohar, decided to attempt to seize power. Early in 1805 Qais and his brother Mohammed marched south along the coast to Muttrah, which he easily captured. Qais then started to besiege Muscat. Mohammed bin Nasir tried to bribe Qais to leave, but did not succeed.[1]

Mohammed bin Nasir called on Badr bin Saif for help.[1] After a series of engagements, Qais was forced to retire to Sohar. Badr bin Saif became the effective ruler.[2] Allied with the Wahhabis, Badr bin Saif became increasingly unpopular.[3] To get his wards out of the way, Badr bin Saif made Salim bin Sultan governor of Al Maşna‘ah, on the Batinah coast and Said bin Sultan governor of Barka.[4] In 1806 Said bin Sultan lured Badr bin Saif to Barka and murdered him nearby. Said was proclaimed ruler of Oman.[5][6]

Said bin Sultan became the sole ruler, apparently with the consent of his brother. Their aunt, the daughter of the Imam Ahmad bin Said al-Busaidi, seems to have influenced this decision.[7] Around the end of May 1810 Salim bin Sultan was sent on a mission to Persia to seek assistance in the struggle against the Wahhabis in the north of Oman.[8]

Sayyid Salem bin Sultan bin Imam Ahmed bin Saeed Al Busaidi was very kind to people humble and always smiling firmly on the oppressor and fair to the oppressed and loving all, especially scholars, jurists, people of prose, systems and mystics, and everyone witnessed his righteousness, worship and standing for the night always in the Wakil Mosque built by Sayyid Khalfan Binh Muhammad Al-Busaidi (the agent) in 1182 AH.

A group of the best men of his time made him worthy of advice to him, such as Mr. Muhanna bin Khalfan Al Busaidi, Sheikh Khamis bin Salem Al Hashimi, Sheikh Saif bin Saeed Al Maawali, Judge Abu Al Ahwal Salem bin Muhammad Al Darmaki, his son Sheikh Hamid bin Salem, and the scholar Sheikh Thunayan Bin Nasser Bin Khalaf Al Zamili Al Fasih And the eloquent Sheikh, and other scholars and jurists.

His council was not without scholars and writers, and he was a good and knowledgeable reader, and he memorized many pre-Islamic Arab poetry and was well informed about the history and news of their kalukes and their times. His council conspired to mention jurisprudential rulings, eloquence, various sciences and past and contemporary conditions, especially the Arab region in general and the Gulf in particular. And he knew it by always repeating it in his home assembly

I told them, and at night he was lying black, with his robe in sight Keep what is left, and it will fire * between your sides with the separation arrow

Sayyed Salim was courageous and did not fear the enemy at times of conflict, and Ibn Ruzaiq mentions the position of Sayyid Salim in his war with the Emir of Julfar Hassan bin Rahma Al Qassimi, who had five thousand soldiers in 24 ships, so Mr Saeed went out to them. Bin Sultan and his brother Sayyid Salim and the rest of Al Said who lived in Muscat on one boat, so a fierce war fell into the sea between them, and then four ships were assigned to them from Muscat, and a total of 1,200 soldiers were in it. (The ghoul) and the third boat was led by a man called Ahmed bin Saif bin Muhammad, and the fourth boat was led by Muhammad bin Ghuloom. It was as if I was looking at Mr. Salim standing in the wheelbarrows of the boat smiling and the people with their eyebrows crossed, so Mr. Salem took a smiling face with that of Abi Al Tayeb's house and said:

God is the time when deceit has melted its fire * Nothing remains except strict or firm Alal

He died in Muscat in April 1821. He left three male heirs, Muhammad, Hamed and Sirhan.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Miles 1919, p. 304.
  2. ^ Miles 1919, p. 305.
  3. ^ Miles 1919, p. 307.
  4. ^ Miles 1919, p. 308.
  5. ^ Buyers 2001, p. 3.
  6. ^ Miles 1919, p. 309.
  7. ^ Badger 1871, p. 144.
  8. ^ Davies 1997, p. 327.
  9. ^ Ibn Ruzayq 1871, p. 257.

SourcesEdit

  • Badger, George Percy (1871). Reports from Committees. Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Retrieved 2013-11-19.
|last=Buyers |first= Christopher|date= August 2001
|work= The Al-Busaid Dynasty > Genealogy |publisher=The Royal Ark |accessdate= 30 March 2012}}