Salem State University

Salem State University, commonly Salem State or SSU, is a public university in Salem, Massachusetts. Established in 1854, it is the oldest institute of higher education on the North Shore and is part of the state university system in Massachusetts.

Salem State University
Salem State University seal.jpg
Latin: Salem Status Universitas
Former names
• Salem Normal School (1854-1932)

• Salem Teachers College (1932-1960)

• Salem State College (1960-2010)
TypePublic university
Established1854; 167 years ago (1854)
AccreditationNECHE
Endowment$25,300,000 (2019)[1]
PresidentJohn Keenan
ProvostDavid Silva
Academic staff
756 (full- and part-time)
Students7,242 (2020)[2]
Undergraduates5,716 (2020)[3]
Postgraduates1,526 (2020)[4]
Location, ,
42°30′12″N 70°53′28″W / 42.5034687°N 70.8911095°W / 42.5034687; -70.8911095Coordinates: 42°30′12″N 70°53′28″W / 42.5034687°N 70.8911095°W / 42.5034687; -70.8911095
CampusSuburban, 115 acres
ColorsNavy blue and orange
   
AthleticsNCAA Division-III (MASCAC, LEC, CHC)[5]
NicknameVikings
Websitewww.salemstate.edu
Salem State University logo.svg

Specializing in liberal arts, business, education, nursing, and social work, the university offers a wide range of bachelor's and master's degrees, as well as post-master's certificates in more than 40 academic disciplines. It's the only member of the Massachusetts public higher education system with a graduate program in social work.

As of Fall 2020, Salem State enrolled 5,716 undergraduate and 1,526 graduate, full- and part-time students, from 37 states and 48 foreign countries.

HistoryEdit

Foundation and early yearsEdit

 
Salem Normal School, c.1870s

Salem State University was founded in 1854 as the Salem Normal School under the guidance of Horace Mann in his efforts to bring accessible teaching education around the country. The Salem Normal School was the fourth normal school to open in Massachusetts, and only the tenth to open in the United States. The City of Salem endowed the school with its original location at 1 Broad Street. Initially, the school was a 2-year, post-secondary educational institution reserved for women.

Early alumnae helped bring community service and education to others around the country such as Charlotte Forten, a graduate of the class of 1856, who was the first African-American school teacher to journey south and teach freed slaves. Other graduates would teach elementary and high schools as far as Africa, Asia and the Middle East. As the demand for teachers increased nationwide, the Salem Normal School prospered. The original building had to be renovated in 1871 to meet the growing enrollment.

New locationEdit

 
Picture of the Sullivan Building in 1932, shortly after the school was renamed to Salem Teachers College.

The school moved to its current location in South Salem in 1896 in the building known today as the Sullivan Building on North Campus. A few years later the Horace Mann Laboratory School was opened right next door.

In 1898, the student body became co-educational, although male enrollment remained small until the introduction of a commercial program in 1908, which combined professional business practice with pedagogical instruction. In 1921, the state authorized the normal schools to offer four-year degree programs, the first one offered being commercial education.

The school was renamed to Salem Teachers College in 1932 and was authorized to grant master’s degrees (M.Ed) in 1955. The first degrees were awarded in 1957. Following World War II and the passage of the G.I. Bill, enrollment increased significantly, particularly among male students, and new programs were added to accommodate this growth. [6]

Growth and developmentEdit

In 1960, the school was renamed to Salem State College after being authorized to offer various bachelors degrees in liberal arts and bachelor of science degrees in business.

Salem State's physical campus, restricted to North Campus at the time, developed quite rapidly during the 1960s under the leadership of President Frederick Meier. Peabody and Bowditch Halls were built on North Campus in 1965. Bowditch hall reflected the trends of multiple-story building construction during the first half of the Cold War, with a fallout shelter being built under the building with a capacity of 985 people. Meier Hall was also constructed in 1965, and the Ellison Campus Center shortly thereafter in 1966. Throughout the 1970s, the school continued to expand its physical campus by constructing a new library, the O’Keefe Athletic Center, and by purchasing the land for what is today known as South Campus.

President Nancy HarringtonEdit

In the mid-1990s, the college moved forward with purchasing a 37.5-acre industrial site on Loring Avenue. The site was formerly home to a lightbulb plant owned by the General Telephone & Electronics Corporation, formerly Sylvania Electric Products. When GTE decided to exit the electrical equipment market, they sold off their former factory to Salem State. That site, is today known as Central Campus. It houses the Bertolon School of Business and three residence complexes: Viking Hall, Marsh Hall and Atlantic Hall.

University statusEdit

On July 26, 2010, Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick signed into law a bill that elevated Salem State College and eight other public institutions to university status.[7] The school officially became Salem State University on October 26, 2010.

On September 10, 2021, Central Campus was renamed to Harrington Campus in honor of President Nancy Harrington who died the year earlier. [8]

Organization and administrationEdit

The university is led by an eleven-member board of trustees. The governor appoints nine trustees to five-year terms, renewable once. The Alumni Association elects one trustee for a single five-year term and the student body elects one student trustee for a one-year term.[9] In 2017, the university's trustees selected John D. Keenan as the 14th president of the university. He began in this position in August 2017, with a formal inauguration in January 2018.[10]

PresidentEdit

Board of trusteesEdit

DepartmentsEdit

Annual budgetEdit

The university's annual operating budget for fiscal year 2010 was approximately $130 million; 40% of this coming from state appropriations. The Salem State University Foundation's endowment market value is in excess of $16 million at the end of fiscal year 2010.[11] The university has an important economic impact on the city of Salem, being its second largest employer. The college generated more than $376 million in economic spending in Massachusetts in fiscal year 2006. Salem State University creates jobs for 3,459 Massachusetts residents, including 593 in Salem and 1,978 throughout Essex County.[11]

Faculty and staffEdit

AcademicsEdit

Salem State University comprises six academic sub-units:[12]

  • Bertolon School of Business (3 departments)
  • College of Arts and Sciences (20 departments)
  • Maguire Meservey College of Health and Human Services (3 departments, 2 schools: School of Nursing, School of Social Work)
  • School of Education (2 departments)
  • School of Continuing and Professional Studies
  • School of Graduate Studies

Undergraduate studiesEdit

Liberal artsEdit

BusinessEdit

Health and human servicesEdit

NursingEdit
Social workEdit

EducationEdit

Graduate studiesEdit

The university is also home to the Salem State University Honors Program, an approved constituent of the statewide Massachusetts Commonwealth Honors Program.[13] Salem State University is accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education.[14]

Honor societiesEdit

In addition to hosting chapters of various disciplinary honor societies, e.g. Delta Mu Delta for business students, the university hosts chapters of two national cross-disciplinary honor societies:

Global partnershipsEdit

Salem State University has partnered with several universities in the People's Republic of China through a consortium overseen by the American Association of State Colleges and Universities,[15] including a cohort-based program in English with students from Nanjing Normal University.[16] The university has also entered into partnership with four other international institutions: [17]

Admissions and enrollmentEdit

Acceptance rateEdit

Cost and tuitionEdit

DemographicsEdit

International studentsEdit

CampusEdit

 
Edward Sullivan Building at the intersection of Lafayette Street and Loring Avenue.

Salem State University is divided into six unique campuses totaling a land-mass of 115 acres with approximately thirty-three buildings.[11] The main campus (North Campus) is located about a mile south of downtown Salem at the intersection of Lafayette Street and Loring Avenue. Within short walking distance from north campus is central campus, south campus, the School of Social Work, and the Richard O'Keefe Athletic Center. The university also operates a maritime facility at Cat Cove on the Salem harbor; located a mile north of the main campus.

North CampusEdit

 
Walkway in front of Bowditch Hall in springtime.

North campus is the largest of the five campuses. The majority of the university's arts and science programs are housed within the two academic buildings on north campus; the Edward Sullivan Building and Frederick Meier Hall. A focal point of North campus is the George H. Ellison Campus Center which houses the career and counseling centers as well as a number of student organizations.[18] Freshman resident students are housed on north campus in two identical residence halls, Peabody and Bowditch. Other facilities on North campus include the Frederick E. Berry Library & Learning Commons, North Dining Commons and Sophia Gordon Performing Arts Center. The Horace Mann Laboratory School stood on North Campus until 2018, when it was moved to the site of the former Nathaniel Bowditch Elementary School in Salem.

Harrington CampusEdit

 
Central Campus Looking Northwest from Marsh Hall.

Central campus is the second largest of the five campuses. The Bertolon School of Business, the music department, and the communications department are all housed in the one academic building on central campus, the Classroom Building. Three residence halls, Marsh, Viking and Atlantic house residents, with all residents having a choice of where they want to live. A focal point of central campus is the university's Enterprise Center (small business center). Other facilities on central campus include the campus bookstore, admissions center, campus police station, recital hall, and the university's baseball field and tennis courts.

O'Keefe CenterEdit

The O'Keefe Center houses the Sport and Movement Science department and the university's athletic department. Facilities include Twohig Gymnasium, Rockett Ice Arena, Alumni Field, the Gassett Fitness Center, and the swimming pool.

South CampusEdit

 
Alumni Hall on Upper South Campus.

South campus houses the university's College of Health and Human Services. The School of Nursing and the criminal justice department are housed in the two academic buildings on south campus; the Kevin B. Harrington Building and the Academic Building. Junior and senior resident students are housed on south campus in the Bates Residence Complex. Other facilities on south campus included the Alumni House and the Center for International Education.

School of Social Work

The Salem State School of Social Work is located at 297 Lafayette St., just a short walk from North Campus. It is a former synagogue purchased by the University in 2014, and houses many of the classes for the School of Social Work.

Cat Cove Maritime Facility

Salem State operates a maritime facility at Cat Cove on the Salem harbor. The facility is used to provide interactive, hands-on educational experience for students majoring in marine biology. In the past, Cat Cove has been used to study local shellfish.

Student lifeEdit

There are more than seventy student organizations on campus, which are divided into categories: academic affiliated groups, interest groups, performance groups, programming oriented groups, religiously affiliated groups, social and cultural groups, student governing groups, and student media groups. Student organizations are financially supported through a mandatory student fee of $30.00 per semester overseen by the Student Government Association. Undergraduate students are elected to the Student Government Association for one-year terms through an election process during the spring semester. The majority of student organizations are housed in the George H. Ellison Campus Center on North campus.

Groups and activitiesEdit

Student governmentEdit

Greek lifeEdit

Salem State has four greek life organizations. [19][20]

Fraternities:

The Zeta Pi (ΖΠ) chapter of Alpha Sigma Phi has been active at Salem State since 2014.

The Tau Gamma (ΤΓ) chapter of Sigma Alpha Epsilon has been active at Salem State since 2017.

Sororities:

The Iota Pi (ΙΠ) chapter of Phi Sigma Sigma has been active at Salem State since 2011.

The Delta Eta (ΔΗ) chapter of Theta Phi Alpha has been active at Salem State since 2016.

Speaker seriesEdit

The Salem State University Speaker Series was established in 1982 with former President of the United States Gerald Ford as the series' first guest.[33] Since the conception of the Speaker Series, the university has hosted political leaders, activists, and celebrities to share their stories with Salem residents and the surrounding North Shore community. Past speakers have included former Presidents of the United States Bill Clinton and George H.W. Bush; Congressman John F. Tierney; television host and comedian, Jay Leno; head coach of the New England Patriots, Bill Belichick; quarterback of the New England Patriots, Tom Brady; baseball legend, Cal Ripken Jr.; award-winning actor and director, Robert Redford; and poet, Maya Angelou.

AthleticsEdit

Salem State University athletic teams participate as a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division III. The Vikings are a member of the Massachusetts State Collegiate Athletic Conference (MASCAC).

National championshipsEdit

Association Division Sport Year Opponent/Runner-up Score
NCAA (1) Division III (1) Women's Basketball (1) 1986 Bishop 89–85

Notable alumniEdit

Creative and performing artsEdit

EducationEdit

  • Charlotte Forten Grimké (1856) – anti-slavery activist, educator, first African-American teacher to travel south during the American Civil War
  • Ida M. Eliot (1867) – educator, philosopher, writer

Government and politicsEdit

Demetrius Atsalis – member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives (1999–2013)

SportsEdit

OtherEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Salem State University". U.S. News & World Report.
  2. ^ https://www.salemstate.edu/sites/default/files/pdfs/Total%20Undergraduate%20Enrollment_0.pdf
  3. ^ https://www.salemstate.edu/sites/default/files/pdfs/Total%20Undergraduate%20Enrollment_0.pdf
  4. ^ https://www.salemstate.edu/sites/default/files/pdfs/Total%20Graduate%20Enrollment.pdf
  5. ^ salemstatevikings.com
  6. ^ https://www.salemstate.edu/salem-state-difference/facts-and-figures/university-history
  7. ^ https://www.salemnews.com/news/local_news/gov-patrick-signs-ssc-university-bill/article_d5c6fe24-e90b-5a8b-93cf-a6f73c38af67.html
  8. ^ https://www.salemnews.com/news/local_news/ssu-to-rename-campus-after-harrington/article_69968fab-5ba7-5c95-ad3b-a13bcab503fa.html
  9. ^ "Board of Trustees". Retrieved 2010-01-10.
  10. ^ John Laidler, Keenan to be inaugurated as Salem State president, The Boston Globe, January 11, 2018. https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/regionals/north/2018/01/11/keenan-inaugurated-salem-state-president/8eFk3MSSNzEQzSVVn3ahXK/story.html
  11. ^ a b c "Facts & Figures". Retrieved 2010-01-10.
  12. ^ https://www.salemstate.edu/academics
  13. ^ https://www.mass.edu/system/honors.asp
  14. ^ Massachusetts Institutions – NECHE, New England Commission of Higher Education, retrieved May 26, 2021
  15. ^ "China International Exchange". Salem State University. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  16. ^ "China Initiatives". American Association of State Colleges and Universities. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  17. ^ "Global Partnerships". Salem State University. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  18. ^ "Campus Center". Retrieved 2010-01-10.
  19. ^ https://www.salemstate.edu/campus-life/lead-leadership-engagement-advocacy-and-diversity/fraternities-and-sororities
  20. ^ https://m.facebook.com/SSUAlphaSig/#!/ssugreeklife/
  21. ^ https://www.greekrank.com/uni/647/fraternity/Alpha-Sig-Alpha-Sigma-Phi/40/rating/
  22. ^ https://www.facebook.com/SSUAlphaSig/
  23. ^ https://www.instagram.com/ssualphasig/?hl=en
  24. ^ https://www.greekrank.com/uni/647/fraternity/SAE-Sigma-Alpha-Epsilon/88/rating/
  25. ^ https://www.facebook.com/truegentlemensae/
  26. ^ https://www.instagram.com/ssu_sae/?hl=en
  27. ^ https://www.greekrank.com/uni/647/sorority/PSS-Phi-Sig/126/rating/
  28. ^ https://www.facebook.com/phisigssu/
  29. ^ https://www.instagram.com/phisig_salem/?hl=en
  30. ^ https://www.greekrank.com/uni/647/sorority/TPA-Theta-Phi-Alpha/131/rating/
  31. ^ https://www.facebook.com/ThetaPhiSalemState/
  32. ^ https://www.instagram.com/thetaphi_ssu/?hl=en
  33. ^ UPI Archives Nov. 5, 1982 https://www.upi.com/Archives/1982/11/05/Former-President-Gerald-R-Ford-told-a-crowd-at/4323405320400/

External linksEdit