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Sak (also known as Cak, Chak, or Tsak) is a Sino-Tibetan language of the Sal branch spoken in Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Sak
Cak
Native toMyanmar, Bangladesh
RegionNorthwestern Rakhine State
EthnicityChak
Native speakers
40,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3ckh
Glottologsakk1239[2]

Geographical distributionEdit

Cak is spoken in Bangladesh by about 3,000 people and in Rakhine State, Burma by about 1,000 people according to Ethnologue. In Bangladesh, Cak is spoken in Baishari, Naikhyongchari, and Dochari (Huziwara 2018). In Rakhine State, Burma, Sak is spoken in Maungdaw, Buthidaung, Rathedaung, and Mrauk U townships (Huziwara 2018). The Baishari dialect is the most conservative one (Huziwara 2018).[3]

According to Ethnologue, in Bangladesh, Chak is spoken in 14 villages in:

Further readingEdit

  • Benedict, Paul K. (1939). "Semantic Differentiation in Indo-Chinese". Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies. 4 (3/4): 213–229. doi:10.2307/2717775. JSTOR 2717775.
  • Van Driem, George (1993). "The Proto-Tibeto-Burman verbal agreement system". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 56 (2): 292–334. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00005528.
  • Glottolog 2.7 - Sak. (n.d.). Retrieved February 12, 2016 [1]
  • Grierson, George (1921). "Kadu and its Relatives". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 2: 39–42. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00101818.


  • Huziwara, Keisuke. 2002. “Chakku-go no onsei ni kansuru koosatu” [A phonetic analysis of Cak]. Kyoto University Linguistic Research [Kyooto Daigaku Gengogaku Kenkyuu] 21:217–73.
  • Huziwara, Keisuke. 2008. Chakku-go no kizyutu gengogakuteki kenkyuu [A descriptive linguistic study of the Cak language]. Doctoral dissertation, Kyoto University. lix + 942 pp.
  • Keisuke, Huziwara (1970). "Cak numerals". Dhaka University Journal of Linguistics. 1 (2): 1–10. doi:10.3329/dujl.v1i2.3714.
  • Huziwara, Keisuke. 2010. “Cak prefixes.” In Dai Zhongming and James A. Matisoff, eds., Zang-Mian-yu yanjiu sishi nian [Forty Years of Sino-Tibetan Studies], pp. 130–45. Harbin: Heilongjiang University Press.
  • Shafer, Robert (1940). "The Vocalism of Sino-Tibetan". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 60 (3): 302–337. doi:10.2307/594419. JSTOR 594419.
  • Thurgood, G., & LaPolla, R. J. (2003). The Sino-Tibetan languages.
  • Voegelin, C. F., & Voegelin, F. M. (1965). Languages of the world: Sino-Tibetan fascicle five. Anthropological Linguistics, 7(6), 1-58. Retrieved February 12, 2016 JSTOR 30022507

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Luish". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Huziwara, Keisuke (2018). Varieties of Cak dialects. Paper presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, held May 17-19, 2018 in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

External linksEdit