Sajjan Kumar (born 23 September 1945) is an Indian politician. He was elected to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India from Outer Delhi as a member of the Indian National Congress but resigned from the primary membership of the party after he was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment for his role in engineering the 1984 anti-Sikh riots that resulted in the killing of over 3,350-17,000 Sikhs nationwide.
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
|Preceded by||Chaudhary Brahm Prakash|
|Succeeded by||Choudhury Bharat Singh|
|Preceded by||Tarif Singh|
|Succeeded by||Krishan Lal Sharma|
|Preceded by||Sahib Singh Verma|
|Born||23 September 1945|
Delhi, British India
|Political party||Indian National Congress till 2018|
|Known for||Life imprisonment for inciting and abetting mobs during the 1984 anti-Sikh riots|
In 1977, Kumar was sworn in as the Delhi Councillor by prominent social activist Guru Radha Kishan. He was first elected to the Municipal Corporation of Delhi at a time when only few congressman were able to win in Delhi, and was later appointed General Secretary, Pradesh Congress Committee (PCC), Delhi.
In 1991, he was re-elected to the Lok Sabha, and then again in 2004 when he won by the largest number of votes ever in India, 855,543, representing Indian National Congress in outer Delhi. Following his election in 2005, he served as Member, Committee on Urban Development and Committee on Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme.
Investigations and conviction for role in anti-Sikh riotsEdit
PUDR & PUCL fact-finding reportEdit
In 1984, a fact-finding team jointly organized by People's Union for Democratic Rights (PUDR) and the People's Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) concluded that attacks on members of the Sikh community in the 1984 anti-Sikh riots were not from spontaneous outrage over the assassination of Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi, but rather the result of deliberate planning by important politicians of the Indian National Congress party. The investigators found that the member of parliament who was most commonly named by Sikh riot survivors for being responsible for the attacks in Delhi locality of Sultanpuri was Sajjan Kumar.
Similarly, Sikh riot survivors in the locality of Mangolpuri nearly unanimously named Kumar as having "masterminded the violence". They alleged that Kumar had given Rs. 100 and a bottle of liquor to each attacker in the riots. The investigators also observed Sikh riot survivors confront Kumar directly at the Mangolpuri police station accusing him of being responsible for the riots. Later, Kumar attempted to provide food aid to hungry Sikh survivors at a refugee camp, but the refugees refused it saying that he was behind the riots in the first place.
Delhi Police InvestigationEdit
Prior to 2005, the Delhi Police had investigated Kumar's role in the riots. The investigation was then given to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in 2005 by recommendation from the Justice G.T. Nanavati Commission. In the subsequent investigation, the CBI concluded that there was a conspiracy of "terrifying proportion" between Kumar and the police during the riots, and that the Delhi police had systematically removed Kumar's name from all eyewitness testimony of the riots.
In 2010, as a result of the CBI investigation, Kumar was tried for murder, dacoity, mischief to cause damage to property, promoting enmity between different communities, criminal conspiracy, and other provisions of the Indian Penal Code. Eyewitnesses testified how Sajjan Kumar had colluded with the police and incited mobs to kill Sikhs. In 2012, the CBI prosecutor told a Delhi court that riots targeting the Sikhs had the "patronage" of Sajjan Kumar. CBI alleged that he organised anti-Sikh riots and he along with five others are being tried at court for killing six Sikh people.
Trial and ConvictionEdit
In April 2013, the Karkardooma district court in Delhi acquitted Sajjan Kumar, while convicting five others, leading to protests. On 27 August 2013, the Delhi High Court accepted an appeal filed by the CBI against Kumar's previous acquittal by a lower court. CBI stated that the trial court "erred in acquitting Sajjan Kumar as it was he who had instigated the mob during the riots".
He was sentenced to life imprisonment by the Delhi High Court on 17 December 2018 for his role in the 1984 anti-Sikh riots. On 18 December 2018, he resigned from his party Indian National Congress. His lawyer said they will appeal in the Supreme Court of India.
- "Sajjan Kumar writes to Rahul Gandhi, resigns from Congress". The Economic Times. 18 December 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- Joseph, Paul (11 October 2016). The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives. SAGE. p. 433. ISBN 978-1483359885.
around 17,000 Sikhs were burned alive or killed
- Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "India's Anti-Sikh Riots, 30 Years On". The Diplomat. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- "Sanjay Gandhi and his young loyalists sweep Lok Sabha elections". .Prabhu Chawla. India Today. 31 January 1980. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- Akshayakumar Ramanlal Desai (1991). Violation of Democratic Rights in India. Popular Prakashan. pp. 50–53. ISBN 978-81-7154-529-2.
- "Sajjan Kumar acquitted in anti-Sikh riots case". The Hindu. 30 April 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
- 1984 riots: Sajjan Kumar provoked mob to kill my father, witness tells court
- "India Congress leader 'incited' 1984 anti-Sikh riots". BBC News. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- "1984 anti-Sikh riots backed by Govt, police: CBI". IBN Live. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- Times news network (23 April 2012). "CBI blames Congress leader Sajjan Kumar for 1984 anti-Sikh riots". The Times of India.
- "Court admits appeal against Sajjan Kumar's acquittal". Hindustan Times. 27 August 2013. Archived from the original on 28 August 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- "Congress' Sajjan Kumar Gets Life Term In 1984 Anti-Sikh Riots". 17 December 2018. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
- "Sajjan Kumar, convicted in 1984 anti-Sikh riots case, to appeal against 'life sentence' in Supreme Court". Times Now. 18 December 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
- "1984 anti-Sikh riots: Sajjan Kumar will move SC against HC order sentencing him to life". The Economic Times. 17 December 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2018.