Sajjad Zaheer

Syed Sajjad Zaheer (Urdu: سید سجاد ظہیر‎) (5 November 1899 – 13 September 1973) was an Urdu writer, Marxist ideologue and radical revolutionary who worked in both India and Pakistan. In the pre-independence era, he was a member of the Communist Party of India. Upon independence and partition, he moved to the newly created Pakistan and became a founding member of the Communist Party of Pakistan.

Sajjad Zaheer
Born(1899-11-05)5 November 1899
Lucknow, United Provinces, India
Died11 September 1973(1973-09-11) (aged 73)
Alma Ata, Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic (then in USSR, now Kazakhstan)
OccupationMarxist ideologue, writer and poet in Urdu
NationalityIndian, Pakistani (briefly)
CitizenshipIndian, Pakistani (briefly)
GenreGhazal, Drama
Literary movementProgressive Writers' Movement
Notable worksAngaaray
SpouseRazia Sajjad Zaheer
Children4, including Nadira Babbar

Revolutionary writerEdit

A collection of short stories, Angaaray (embers), which had stories by Sajjad Zaheer, Ahmed Ali, Rashid Jahan and Mahmud-uz-Zafar was published in 1932 and banned in 1933 by the British Government of India "for hurting the religious susceptibilities of a section of the community."[1] This gave rise to the All-India Progressive Writers' Movement & Association of which both Sajjad Zaheer and Ahmed Ali were co-founders.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

Sajjad and his wife Razia Sajjad Zaheer had four daughters, including Naseem Bhatia, who holds a PhD in History (ancient history) from a Russian university.[3]

Published writingsEdit

  • London Ki Ek Raat لندن کی ایک رات - a novel.
  • Roshnai روشنائی, a collection of essays on the progressive writers movement and its objectives.
  • Zikr-e-Hafiz زکرِخافظ, his research based book on the Persian poet Hafez.
  • Pighla Nilamپِگھلا نیلم , his last book,a collection of his poetry.
  • A translation of Shakespeare's Othello
  • A translation of Candide
  • A translation of Gora (novel written by Tagore)
  • A translation of The Prophet (written by Khalil Gibran)


  1. ^ "Angaaray". Penguin Books India.
  2. ^ 1961-, Ali, Kamran Asdar (30 June 2015). Communism in Pakistan : politics and class activism 1947-1972. London. p. 83. ISBN 9781784532000. OCLC 913850929.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Ruhela, Satya Pal (1998). Empowerment of the Indian Muslim Women. ISBN 9788175330634.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit