Sainte-Rose, Réunion

Sainte-Rose (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃t ʁoz]) is a commune on the east coast of the French island and department of Réunion.

Sainte-Rose
Piste du casé de la rivière de l'est - panoramio.jpg
Réunion-Sainte-Rose.png
Location of Sainte-Rose
Coordinates: 21°07′38″S 55°47′32″E / 21.1272°S 55.7922°E / -21.1272; 55.7922Coordinates: 21°07′38″S 55°47′32″E / 21.1272°S 55.7922°E / -21.1272; 55.7922
CountryFrance
Overseas region and departmentRéunion
ArrondissementSaint-Benoît
CantonSaint-Benoît-2
IntercommunalityRéunion Est
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Michel Vergoz[1]
Area
1
177.60 km2 (68.57 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
6,345
 • Density36/km2 (93/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+04:00
INSEE/Postal code
97419 /97439
Elevation0–2,623 m (0–8,606 ft)
(avg. 29 m or 95 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

The commune is bordered by the communes of La Plaine-des-Palmistes, Saint-Benoît, Saint-Joseph, Saint-Philippe and Tampon; and by the Rivière de l'Est to the nord. Sainte-Rose is home to the first wind farm on the island, built in 2004.

The "Pointe des Cascades", in the commune, is the easternmost part of the island and also the easternmost part of France and of the European Union.

ClimateEdit

Sainte-Rose features a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af), with substantial rainfall throughout the course of the year. Its location on the eastern side of Réunion, (windward relative to the trade winds), makes it one of the wettest cities in the world, along with Cherrapunji, Quibdó, and López de Micay.

Climate data for Sainte-Rose, Réunion
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
29.2
(84.6)
28.7
(83.7)
27.8
(82.0)
26.1
(79.0)
24.5
(76.1)
23.4
(74.1)
23.8
(74.8)
24.7
(76.5)
25.7
(78.3)
27.4
(81.3)
28.6
(83.5)
26.6
(79.9)
Average low °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.7)
21.7
(71.1)
20.3
(68.5)
18.7
(65.7)
17.7
(63.9)
17.7
(63.9)
18.1
(64.6)
19.0
(66.2)
20.7
(69.3)
21.8
(71.2)
20.3
(68.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1,076
(42.4)
1,449
(57.0)
1,252
(49.3)
1,104
(43.5)
919
(36.2)
765
(30.1)
903
(35.6)
740
(29.1)
677
(26.7)
622
(24.5)
580
(22.8)
842
(33.1)
10,929
(430.3)
Source: Atlas climatique de La Réunion[3]
Climate data for Sainte-Rose (Gros Piton, altitude 181m, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1987–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
34.2
(93.6)
35.2
(95.4)
32.8
(91.0)
31.8
(89.2)
30.0
(86.0)
29.1
(84.4)
28.3
(82.9)
29.5
(85.1)
33.1
(91.6)
34.1
(93.4)
34.3
(93.7)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) 29.5
(85.1)
29.5
(85.1)
29.0
(84.2)
28.1
(82.6)
26.3
(79.3)
24.6
(76.3)
23.7
(74.7)
24.1
(75.4)
25.0
(77.0)
26.1
(79.0)
27.7
(81.9)
29.0
(84.2)
26.9
(80.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
25.1
(77.2)
23.4
(74.1)
21.8
(71.2)
20.8
(69.4)
21.0
(69.8)
21.7
(71.1)
22.7
(72.9)
24.1
(75.4)
25.5
(77.9)
23.7
(74.7)
Average low °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
23.0
(73.4)
22.8
(73.0)
21.9
(71.4)
20.5
(68.9)
18.9
(66.0)
18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
18.3
(64.9)
19.3
(66.7)
20.6
(69.1)
22.0
(71.6)
20.5
(68.9)
Record low °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
19.4
(66.9)
18.8
(65.8)
18.1
(64.6)
16.6
(61.9)
14.3
(57.7)
14.0
(57.2)
13.3
(55.9)
14.1
(57.4)
14.3
(57.7)
15.5
(59.9)
18.9
(66.0)
13.3
(55.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 436.3
(17.18)
478.5
(18.84)
541.9
(21.33)
418.4
(16.47)
315.1
(12.41)
256.9
(10.11)
259.5
(10.22)
210.4
(8.28)
171.7
(6.76)
166.0
(6.54)
206.3
(8.12)
311.7
(12.27)
3,772.7
(148.53)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 20.8 20.5 21.6 21.2 20.1 19.2 22.5 18.9 16.2 16.0 13.9 17.8 228.6
Source: Météo-France[4]
Climate data for Sainte-Rose (Bellecombe-Jacob, altitude 2245m, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1968–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.4
(77.7)
24.1
(75.4)
24.2
(75.6)
23.9
(75.0)
22.2
(72.0)
23.1
(73.6)
21.2
(70.2)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
24.6
(76.3)
25.0
(77.0)
24.7
(76.5)
25.4
(77.7)
Average high °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
18.6
(65.5)
18.3
(64.9)
17.5
(63.5)
15.5
(59.9)
13.7
(56.7)
12.7
(54.9)
13.5
(56.3)
15.0
(59.0)
17.0
(62.6)
18.2
(64.8)
18.7
(65.7)
16.4
(61.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.2
(57.6)
14.4
(57.9)
13.9
(57.0)
13.0
(55.4)
11.0
(51.8)
9.0
(48.2)
8.1
(46.6)
8.5
(47.3)
9.6
(49.3)
11.4
(52.5)
12.6
(54.7)
13.5
(56.3)
11.6
(52.9)
Average low °C (°F) 9.7
(49.5)
10.2
(50.4)
9.6
(49.3)
8.5
(47.3)
6.6
(43.9)
4.4
(39.9)
3.6
(38.5)
3.5
(38.3)
4.2
(39.6)
5.8
(42.4)
7.0
(44.6)
8.4
(47.1)
6.8
(44.2)
Record low °C (°F) 2.2
(36.0)
3.7
(38.7)
3.2
(37.8)
1.0
(33.8)
0.0
(32.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
−3.3
(26.1)
−3.7
(25.3)
−5.0
(23.0)
−1.9
(28.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
1.9
(35.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 781.1
(30.75)
890.8
(35.07)
899.8
(35.43)
472.3
(18.59)
397.8
(15.66)
234.1
(9.22)
262.8
(10.35)
197.6
(7.78)
137.4
(5.41)
106.1
(4.18)
144.9
(5.70)
358.5
(14.11)
4,883.2
(192.25)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 19.5 19.3 19.6 18.1 16.6 16.1 17.8 15.5 13.0 10.3 9.9 14.5 190.3
Source: Météo-France[5]

HistoryEdit

The village of Piton Sainte-Rose was partially destroyed by a lava flow in April 1977.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1967 4,761—    
1974 4,850+0.26%
1982 5,265+1.03%
1990 5,761+1.13%
1999 6,551+1.44%
2007 6,680+0.24%
2012 6,777+0.29%
2017 6,418−1.08%
Source: INSEE[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ Jumaux, Guillaume (2011). Atlas climatique de La Réunion. Direction interrégionale de La Réunion de Météo France. ISBN 978-2-11-128623-8.
  4. ^ "Fiche Climatologique Statistiques 1991-2020 et records" (PDF) (in French). Météo-France. Retrieved August 29, 2022.
  5. ^ "Fiche Climatologique Statistiques 1991-2020 et records" (PDF) (in French). Météo-France. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External linksEdit