Saint Mary's College of California
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|Motto||Signum Fidei (Latin)|
Motto in English
|The Sign of Faith|
|Roman Catholic (De La Salle Brothers)|
|Endowment||$180.5 million (2018)|
|President||James A. Donahue|
|Students||3,761 (Fall 2018)|
|Undergraduates||2,675 (Fall 2018)|
|Postgraduates||1,086 (Fall 2018)|
|Campus||Suburban, 420 acres (1.7 km2)|
|Colors||Red and Blue|
|Athletics||NCAA Division I – WCC|
St. Mary's College began in 1863 as a diocesan college for boys established by the Most Rev. Joseph Alemany, a member of the Order of Preachers and the first archbishop of San Francisco. Unhappy with the archdiocese's operation of the college, Archbishop Alemany applied for assistance from Rome and in 1868 St. Mary's College was handed over to the De La Salle Christian Brothers.
In 1889, the college moved east across San Francisco Bay to Oakland, California. The location on the corner of 30th and Broadway became affectionately known as "The Brickpile" and Saint Mary's College would call Oakland home until 1928, when it moved further eastward to Moraga after a fire severely damaged the Brickpile. The Oakland site is California Historical Landmark #676 and is marked by a commemorative plaque. The former San Francisco site is now the site of the St. Mary's Park neighborhood. The college and high school sections separated not long after the move to Moraga and the high school is currently located in Albany.
During its first years in Moraga, the college nearly went bankrupt, but eventually managed to gain financial security when it was bought by Archbishop John Joseph Mitty, for whom a residence hall is now named. During World War II the college was used by the United States Navy for the training of pilots. Former President Gerald Ford was briefly stationed at the school and served as a naval instructor. The navy erected many buildings, including the world's largest indoor pool, but only one, Assumption Hall, remains on the campus as the school had little use for most of the buildings after the war. Saint Mary's continued to be a male-only school until 1970, when it became coeducational. Since then, more women have come to the college and by 2011, 62% of the students were women.
In the 1970s, the college was well known by secondary schools throughout the San Francisco Bay Area for producing the Saint Mary's Math Contest. The popular contest was discontinued in 1978 but later became the chief inspiration for the Julia Robinson Mathematics Festival which continues to this day.
There are still roughly two dozen Christian Brothers living and working at the school, and the school presidents had always been Brothers until 2013. Recognizing the dwindling number of Christian Brothers, in 2003 the college's bylaws were changed to allow the election of a non-Christian Brother to the presidency if no qualified Brother exists or steps forward. James A. Donahue, a committed and engaged Roman Catholic, became the first non-Christian Brother to serve as president in the 150-year history of Saint Mary's on July 1, 2013.
There are four schools at Saint Mary's: the School of Liberal Arts, the School of Science, the School of Economics and Business Administration, and the Kalmanovitz School of Education. Saint Mary's College is a liberal arts institution, and the majority of undergraduate students are in the School of Liberal Arts. However, the most popular major is Business Administration. This is followed by Psychology, Communication, Kinesiology, and Accounting. The average class size is 19, with a student faculty ratio of 13:1. 91% of classes are taught by full-time faculty, of which 95% hold the highest degree in their fields. There are 40 academic majors, with an option to create your own major. Most Saint Mary's faculty are required to teach six courses per year (three per semester).
The School of Science has in the past few years grown as a result of a new science building, Brousseau Hall, which has made the college more appealing to students wishing to major in the life sciences.
St Mary's is unique in its creation of Liberal Education for Arts Professionals, or LEAP program. LEAP is designed to offer professional dancers a track to a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree through an individualized and comprehensive liberal arts curriculum. In order to meet the needs of a broad community of arts professionals, classes are offered in San Francisco, New York, Los Angeles, and Las Vegas.
The school also has graduate programs in fine arts, kinesiology, education, leadership and business.
In addition to these general education courses, students must take four Collegiate Seminar or Great Books courses. Although based on the academic programs at St. John's College, the Saint Mary's College program consists of only four courses required for all students regardless of major. The first course is offered in the spring of their first year, in the fall of their sophomore year, and then students have the choice of when they want to take the last two courses during their junior and senior years. There is also a seminar course created for transfer students so that they can be just as prepared as their peers in the following seminar courses.
The Integral Liberal Arts Program is a "college-within-a-college," distinct from a major, at Saint Mary's College that incorporates the Seminar method for all of its classes. It was modeled on St. John's College. The Integral Program is a complete four-year Great Books course of study, covering all mathematics, science, religious and language requirements. Instead of taking four classes in addition to the general education, Integral students' entire curriculum, including subjects not traditionally related to the "classics," is in the Seminar style. For example, math is taught through reading and discussing Euclid and Galileo, rather than actually completing numerical problem sets. Although the Seminar portion of the program is twice as long (eight semesters vs. four), moves more quickly and covers more material than the Collegiate Seminar program, it is not an honors program. The program does not have any tests or lectures, however students are expected to complete a substantial amount of reading per night in preparation for classroom discussions. Although seminal works such as the Bible and the writings of some theologians are organic to the Western Canon, the program itself is non-religious. Classics from cultures other than western are in the Program roughly where they were chronologically introduced into western discourse.
While the Integral Program is housed in the School of Liberal Arts and Integral students receive a Bachelor of Arts degree, Integral Liberal Arts students graduate separately from the Liberal Arts majors. Many students go on to graduate school for pre-med or pre-law studies.
January Term is an academic session in which during the month of January students are required to take one class and encouraged to take one outside their major. Jan Term classes are more intensive than a normal fall or spring class. Instead of meeting two or three times a week, they meet four times a week for two and a half hours. Students must take four Jan Term classes to graduate. This differs from many colleges at which January Term or "Intersession" is optional. Each year, a committee meets to determine the year's Jan Term theme, and the process includes a vote of the final three selections by the community. Classes during Jan Term range from Shakespeare to Star Trek, and students have the option to travel abroad for their January class. There are also optional quarter credit classes for Jan Term and during the semesters, such as digital photography or weight training.
|U.S. News & World Report||8|
|Master's University class|
Saint Mary's has 17 Division I teams, competing in the West Coast Conference. The nickname of Saint Mary's sports teams is the Gaels, which had been given to the school's football team in 1926 by Pat Frayne, a writer for the San Francisco Call- Bulletin. The school's previous nickname was the Saints although the Baseball team still kept the nickname the Phoenix up until the 1940s.
The men's basketball team is recognized nationally as one of the top mid-major programs in the country; in 2010, it made it to the NCAA Sweet Sixteen.
The Gaels are also known for their strong pursuit of Australian talent, such as NBA players Patty Mills and Matthew Dellavedova. Chants such as "Aussie Aussie Aussie, Oi Oi Oi" are common among students, and an Australian flag now hangs from the back wall of Saint Mary's basketball arena, McKeon Pavilion during games. This has also given the college a big following in Australia, with most basketball games shown on ESPN Australia/New Zealand. Recently, point guard Matthew Dellavedova was named WCC Player of the Year in 2012 and became the first male athlete at Saint Mary's to earn first-team Capital One® Academic All-America honors. In 2013, he broke school records becoming the all-time leader in scoring, assists, and three-pointers.
In 2011, the men's soccer team won the West Coast Conference title, beating the University of San Diego, 1–0, giving Saint Mary's an automatic bid into the NCAA Tournament and their first-ever WCC title. In the first round Saint Mary's defeated No. 25 CSU Bakersfield 1–0 to send them to the next round. The second round was played against UC Irvine. The Gaels defeated the No. 7 Anteaters, 2–1, in double overtime. The game-winning goal was headed in by Justin Howard in the 103rd minute, sending Saint Mary's into the "Sweet Sixteen". The third round of the NCAA Tournament saw the Gaels against Brown University, beating the Bears in overtime 3–2, at Stevenson Field. The win over the Bears sent the Gaels into the "Elite Eight," making it only the second team in school history to make it to the Elite Eight along with the 1959 men's basketball team. Saint Mary's lost to the University of North Carolina in the Quarter Finals, 2–0. The participation of the men's soccer team in the 2011 NCAA Tournament was the most successful postseason run in Saint Mary's history.
In 2012, the Gaels' golf team took the program's first-ever WCC title, and junior Ben Geyer became just the fourth Saint Mary's player to take home medalist honors in the tournament's 41-year history. Head coach Scott Hardy earned his seventh WCC Coach of the Year honor after leading the team to the 2013 title – the first back-to-back championship in program history. He earned his eight WCC Coach of the Year honors in 2015.
In 2001, the women's basketball and soccer teams competed in their respective NCAA tournaments, with both teams advancing to the second round. The women's volleyball team advanced to the "Sweet Sixteen" in 2004. Women's tennis, softball and volleyball won the WCC Conference championships and went on to play in NCAA postseason tournaments. The 2010 and 2013 women's tennis teams won WCC championships and the program has advanced to 4-straight NCAA tournaments, the most consecutive invitations to NCAA tournament play of any Saint Mary's athletic program.
Another successful sports program at Saint Mary's is rugby, which, though not well known in the United States generally, is the oldest athletic club at Saint Mary's. The men's rugby team enjoyed a rise in the past few years and won the school's first national championship on May 10, 2014, beating Life University 21-6 to win the USA Rugby D1A title at Stanford University. The team frequently is ranked among the top teams in the country, competing with large high-profile schools such as California, Ohio State, and the military academies. In 2008, it reached the Final Four of the USA Rugby Division One National Championship tournament, losing to California 41–31 in the semi-finals, and was also ranked at #2 in the nation for Division 1 Collegiate Rugby at the season's end. In 2011, it competed in the National 7s and in 2012, after beating No.1 ranked California 20 –18 in Moraga, the team finished the regular season undefeated in the Pacific Coast Conference and ranked No. 2 in the country. It defeated Utah 25–15 in the D1-A quarterfinals before falling to Arkansas State in the semifinals. In 2015, the Saint Mary's Men's Rugby team clinched the national D1-A title for the second year in a row when it beat Life University 30-24 at Kennesaw State University in Georgia.
Saint Mary's College was once known for its American football team led by Edward "Slip" Madigan, which dominated west coast football, indeed beating USC and California during the thirties, and with several wins against eastern powerhouses during the 20s, 30s, and 40s including winning the 1939 Cotton Bowl by crushing favored Texas Tech 21 to 13. The Gaels were known for their flashy style that reflected the personality of their flamboyant coach. Madigan traveled to New York for the Fordham game with 150 fans on a train that was labelled "the world's longest bar." To stir up publicity for the game, he threw a party the night before and invited not only sportswriters, but such celebrities as Babe Ruth and New York mayor Jimmy Walker. They dropped the sport in 2004.
Currently, 60% of the students who attend Saint Mary's are involved with organized athletics. There are 13 club sports teams that they have the opportunity to participate in as well as Intramural teams and NCAA. Student-athletes from Saint Mary's graduate at the second-highest success rate among all California Division 1 Institutions, according to data released by NCAA.
Museum of ArtEdit
The Museum of Art, originally named the Hearst Art Gallery, is the only accredited art museum in Contra Costa County. Its special exhibitions and permanent art collection attract visitors from the College, the County, and the Greater Bay Area. The museum houses the largest collection of William Keith (1838-1911) paintings.
The Hearst Art Gallery, built with the aid of a grant from the William Randolph Hearst Foundation, opened in 1977 to replace a smaller William Keith Gallery started by Brother Fidelis Cornelius. Brother Cornelius was an art professor and Keith biographer who had built the Keith Collection and established the original William Keith Gallery at Saint Mary's in 1934.
Being a Lasallian school, community service plays a big role on campus. The Catholic Institute for Lasallian Social Action coordinates most service work on campus, and each year students perform many hours of community service. On the first Saturday of every other month, they have the opportunity to participate in "Saturday of Service" where Saint Mary's students branch out all across the Bay Area and serve their community.
Because Saint Mary's is located in the Bay Area, students have many options of off-campus activities. Student organizations such as the Campus Activities Board and the Residence Hall Association send students to various sporting events, concerts, and activities around the Bay Area.
The campus has a chapel in which Mass is held daily on weekdays and twice on Sundays. The main student Mass is on Sundays at 8 p.m. There are several priests who work on campus, many of whom also teach classes and there is also a chaplain who regularly officiates mass. It is not a requirement to be Catholic in order to attend Saint Mary's, and students do not have to take courses in Catholicism (two general Religious Studies classes are required, an introductory course of the Bible and Its Interpretation and an elective of the student's choosing). However around 50% of Saint Mary's undergraduate students are Catholic. Many students are also involved in community service. Nearly 10 percent of every graduating class goes on to join a major service organization: the Peace Corps, the Lasallian Volunteers, Teach for America, or the Jesuit Volunteer Corps.
The college has a weekly newspaper called The Collegian and a radio station, KSMC 89.5. The campus also has access to the Saint Mary's Magazine and the weekly SMC Bulletin.
All first years at Saint Marys live on campus. 55% of the total student population lives on campus. There are six first year residence halls (Augustine, Justin, Mitty, De La Salle, Aquinas and Assumption Halls). All first year residence halls (with the exception of Aquinas) are set up "community style," in which two or three students usually share a room and the entire floor shares a central bathroom. Floors are usually separated by sex in first year halls (because of the shared bathrooms). The only exceptions are Aquinas hall which has students live in suites with their own bathroom, and the first floor of Assumption, which is coeducational with separate bathrooms for each sex. Currently, first years living on campus are guaranteed a spot on campus for their second year. Sophomores live in Becket Hall, More Hall, North and South Claeys Halls, and Ageno A, B, and C Halls. All of these halls are "suite" style living and each suite comes with three or four bedrooms, accommodates six students, and has its own bathroom and shower. Floors on suite buildings are co-ed.
Juniors and seniors enter into a housing lottery to determine if they can live on campus. Many upperclassmen live in "townhouse" buildings: Ageno East and West, Guerreri East and West, Freitas, Thille, Syufy and Sabatte Halls. All townhouses come with two or three bedrooms (accommodating five to six students), a bathroom and shower, kitchen and living room. Upperclassmen also live off-campus in Moraga, Orinda, Lafayette, and Walnut Creek. Upperclassmen resident advisers, as well as a few other upperclassmen, live in the traditionally freshman and sophomore halls. All residence hall rooms are fully furnished and come with two phones with free long distance, free Internet, and free TV cable outlet. Others often choose to live at home if they are within half an hour of campus. In addition to several student resident advisers, each residence hall also has at least one resident director, who is a Brother or a faculty or staff member and lives in the residence hall.
There are four Living Learning Communities on campus. The Honors/Science living learning community is available only for first years and is located in Assumption Hall. Live-in tutors specializing in the sciences and the humanities – along with dedicated live-in faculty – help to create this intellectually stimulating and supportive community. The International Community is located in Claeys Hall North, it is a safe and engaging space where both international and domestic students can learn skills important in both cross-cultural communication and living globally. The Lasallian Community is a community of sophomores living in Becket Hall. They participate in a class, service and community time together and are focused on learning the life and principles of Saint John Baptist De La Salle. The Santiago Community is a community of juniors and Seniors living in Ageno West who are focused on a Faith, Service, and Community aspect, and learning about Br. James Santiago Miller who died when his work to educate the poor came in opposition to the military powers.
The majority of classes are held in Galileo, Dante and Garaventa halls, which each have three floors. Most of the professors' offices are also in these halls. A science building, known as Brousseau Hall was built in 2000. Sichel Hall is a smaller, media-oriented classroom building used by the Communication Department, and Syufy Performing Arts Hall houses large and small practice rooms for arts students. The newest building on campus is Filippi Academic Hall, which houses the School of Education. The library, St. Albert Hall, is located near the freshmen dorms.
The cafeteria is called Oliver Hall and its neighbor, Dryden Hall has recently been retrofitted into overflow seating for Oliver Hall and is also used for other events around campus. The Cassin Student Union is a student lounge, adjacent to Dryden. Attached to Cassin is Café Louis, a coffee shop, which is operated by Sodexo, the same company that runs the dining hall. Other spaces often used by students are the Delphine Intercultural Center, the Women's Resource Center and the bookstore.
Athletics facilities include McKeon Pavilion (basketball and volleyball), Saint Mary's Stadium (soccer and rugby), Madigan Gym, Louis Guisto Field (baseball), Cottrell Field (softball) as well as additional soccer, rugby and intramural fields. The college also operates Timothy Korth Tennis Complex and frequently hosts conference, area and regional tennis tournaments. In March 2015, the College opened the new 50,000-square-foot (4,600 m2) 60,000 sq. ft., state-of-the-art Joseph L. Alioto Recreation Center.
Two other important buildings are the Soda Activity Center and the Lefevre Theatre, where various events are held. There is also St. Albert Hall Library and the Saint Mary's Museum of Art. All buildings on campus except Assumption Hall are named after an important person in the Catholic religion or a person important to the school.
There is a cross at the top of a hill on campus and a large concrete “SMC” on top of one of the surrounding hills, which gets painted frequently by student groups around campus.
Saint Mary's has a "4–1–4" system, similar to Middlebury College: fall semester, January Term, and spring semester. Students are given three weeks off for Christmas following fall semester, one week off following Jan-Term (which many students use to visit friends at other colleges, many of whom do not have a week off in January), and one week in the middle of spring semester for Easter. Fall semester usually begins the Monday before Labor Day and runs through the second week of December. Graduation is usually the third or fourth week of May. Saint Mary's also does not have a "week of preparation" for finals. The school goes directly from a regular class schedule to its finals.
Classes meet for an hour and five minutes on Monday, Wednesday and Friday or for an hour and thirty-five minutes on Tuesdays and Thursdays. However, beginning in the fall semester of 2006, classes midday on Monday and Friday were changed to an hour and a half, freeing up time during the middle of the day on Wednesday for what the college is calling "community time," during which events (guest speakers, cultural events, concerts, BBQs, special masses, etc.) can be scheduled by various campus groups (student, faculty or staff). No classes are held during community time.
Some of Saint Mary's notable alumni are as follows: the two numbers after their name are the last two digits of the year that they graduated or will graduate (within the last 100 years unless otherwise noted).
- Rose Aguilar, journalist
- Mahershala Ali, '96, former Gaels men's basketball player, actor, two-time Academy Award winner for Best Supporting Actor for his roles in Moonlight and Green Book.
- Joseph Alioto '37, (dec.) former mayor of San Francisco
- Brother Alfred Brousseau '28, (dec.) mathematician, wrote on the Fibonacci numbers. The recently built science building is named after him.
- Corbin Burnes, Major League Baseball pitcher for the Milwaukee Brewers
- Tom Candiotti '80, Major League knuckleball pitcher for five teams
- Adam Caporn, former Gaels men's basketball player, former Australian National Team member, and current men's basketball assistant coach (left after sophomore year to play professionally in Australia).
- Pete Constant M.A., Councilman for the First District, City of San Jose, Calif.
- Mark Curtis (broadcaster) Doctorate of Education, '12, news anchor, reporter, author and political analyst at WLNE-TV ABC 6 Providence, Rhode Island. Formerly of KTVU-TV2 Oakland.
- Bob Delaney M.A., former N.B.A. referee
- Matthew Dellavedova '13, 2016 NBA Champion and current point guard for the Cleveland Cavaliers of the NBA and for the Australian National Team.
- Brian Doyle-Murray, American comedian, screenwriter, actor and voice actor
- Don Ferrarese, professional baseball player, 1955 to 1962.
- LaDonna Harris M.A., Chief Probation Officer, Alameda County, Ca
- Robert Hass '63, Poet Laureate of the United States, 1995–97
- Von Hayes '81, Major League All-Star outfielder and minor league manager
- John F. Henning, '38, Executive Secretary-Treasurer of the California Labor Federation and U.S. Ambassador to New Zealand
- Ken Hofmann '45, former owner, Oakland Athletics; developer
- Harry Hooper 1907, (dec.) National Baseball Hall of Fame
- Bill Howerton, professional baseball player in Major League Baseball
- J. J. Jelincic, CalPERS Board Member (elected), former President of the California State Employees Association
- John Henry Johnson '53, Pro Football Hall of Fame
- Frank Kudelka, '48, former NBA player
- Richard E. Ladner '65, known for Ladner's theorem, Fellow of the IEEE and Association for Computing Machinery
- Bob Ladouceur '89, head football coach, De La Salle High (Concord), holder of longest high school winning streak (151 games)
- Mickey McConnell, '11, WCC Player of the Year, Mid Major All-American, professional basketball player, 31st round pick in 2011 MLB draft
- Tony Martin '35, entertainer; member, Hollywood Walk of Fame
- John McLiam, Canadian-American actor
- Tom Meschery '61, pro and college basketball great; teacher and poet
- George P. Miller 1912, (dec.) Member of Congress from California, 1945–1973
- "Patty" Mills, 2014 NBA Champion and current point guard for the San Antonio Spurs of the NBA and for the Australian National Team. (entered NBA draft after junior year)
- Nicholas G. Moore, 1963, CPA, Retired Global Chairman of PwC (PricewaterhouseCoopers) and former Wells Fargo Board Director, Saint Mary's College Board of Trustees from 1997 to 2006, including a term as chair.
- Pete Morelli, NFL referee and president of St. Mary's High School in Stockton, California
- Troy L. Nunley B.A., United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California
- Kaya Oakes '97, writer, poet, and professor
- Don Perata '67, President Pro Tempore and Senator, California State Senate, 1998–2008 (President Pro Tempore 2004–2008)
- Tami Reller M.B.A., Chief Marketing Officer and Chief Financial Officer, Microsoft Windows
- Greg Reyes '84, former Chairman & CEO, Brocade Communication; ownership group, San Jose Sharks
- Jason Shellen '96, Internet entrepreneur and founding Google Reader project manager, currently on Saint Mary's College Board of Regents
- Diamon Simpson, basketball player
- Tracee Talavera '90, gymnastics national champion, Olympic medalist, and USA Gymnastics Hall of Fame member
- Mark Teahen '02 Major League Baseball third baseman
- Carl Wu '74, Bloomberg Distinguished Professorship at the Johns Hopkins University
- List of World War II military service football teams
- Association for Core Texts and Courses, headquartered at Saint Mary's
- Lasallian educational institutions
- As of June 30, 2018. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2017 to FY 2018" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. 2018. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
- "About SMC – Facts & Figures". Saint Mary's College of California. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
- Saint Mary’s College of California Style Guide (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 4, 2016. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
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- "Gael Lore :: Mission and History". Archived from the original on March 9, 2007. Retrieved April 2, 2007.
- "2011-2012 Catalog" (PDF). Saint Mary's College of California. p. 6.
1970 saint mary’s college became coeducational.
- "SECTION I : FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS" (PDF). Stmarys-ca.edu. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
- Saint Mary's College Mathematics Contest Problems For Junior and Senior High School
- Getting Kids Excited About Mathematics, One Festival at a Time By Colm Mulcahy, Huffington Post Blog, July 11, 2013
- Anderson, Br. Mel, F.S.C, Years of Yearning, 2012, p.65
- Isetti, Ronald, On These Promising Shores of the Pacific The History Press, 2013. ISBN 978-1-62619-276-8, p. 127
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- "MSOC | Gaels Claim WCC Title; Headed To NCAA Tournament - Saint Mary Gaels". Smcgaels.com. November 13, 2011. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
- "MSOC | Gaels Defeat No. 25 CSUB In NCAA 1st Round Action - Saint Mary Gaels". Smcgaels.com. November 17, 2011. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
- "MSOC | Sweet Sixteen Bound! Gaels Defeat No. 7 UCI In 2OT - Saint Mary Gaels". Smcgaels.com. November 20, 2011. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
- "MSOC | Gaels Dancing To The Elite Eight! - Saint Mary Gaels". Smcgaels.com. November 27, 2011. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
- "MSOC: NCAA Tournament Run Ends In North Carolina - Saint Mary Gaels". Smcgaels.com. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
- "Saint Mary's College Announces Construction on New Recreation Corridor". Saint Mary's College of California. May 8, 2011. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- "Notable Alumni of Saint Mary's College of California". Archived from the original on November 16, 2007. Retrieved March 19, 2007.
- "Rose Aguilar". Western Knight Center for Specialized Journalism. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- "LADONNA HARRIS APPOINTED ALAMEDA COUNTY CHIEF PROBATION OFFICER" (PDF). Acgov.org. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
- "Bill Howerton Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- "Frank Kudelka NBA statistics". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
- "Good Luck and Then Some". Stmarys-ca.edu. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
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- "Renowned scientist Carl Wu named Bloomberg Distinguished Professor at Johns Hopkins". The Hub. August 3, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
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