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St. Joseph was founded in 1592 by Antonio de Berrio and is the oldest town in Trinidad and Tobago. Originally named San José de Oruña, it served as the capital of Spanish Trinidad between 1592 and 1783. In 1595 the place was attacked and held by Sir Walter Raleigh and was used as a base for his exploration of the Orinoco river in search of the fabled city of El Dorado. Soon after his return the place was burnt and sacked.

Saint Joseph

San José de Oruña
Saint Joseph is located in Trinidad and Tobago
Saint Joseph
Saint Joseph
Location in Trinidad and Tobago
Coordinates: 10°39′20″N 61°25′00″W / 10.65556°N 61.41667°W / 10.65556; -61.41667Coordinates: 10°39′20″N 61°25′00″W / 10.65556°N 61.41667°W / 10.65556; -61.41667
CountryFlag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago
RegionTunapuna-Piarco
Settled1592
Named forSaint Joseph
Population
 (2011)
 • Total8,001
Muhammed Ali Jinnah Memorial Mosque

St. Joseph is not an incorporated municipality. It falls within the San Juan–Laventille Regional Corporation.

Today it is the home of several different schools, including St. Joseph's Convent, St. Joseph, St. Joseph Boys Roman Catholic School, St. Joseph Girls Roman Catholic School, St. Joseph Government School, St. Joseph College and St. Xavier's Preparatory School.