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Saint Bernard, officially the Municipality of Saint Bernard, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Southern Leyte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 28,395 people.[3]

Saint Bernard
Municipality of Saint Bernard
St. Bernard Skyline
St. Bernard Skyline
Map of Southern Leyte with Saint Bernard highlighted
Map of Southern Leyte with Saint Bernard highlighted
Saint Bernard is located in Philippines
Saint Bernard
Saint Bernard
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°17′N 125°08′E / 10.28°N 125.13°E / 10.28; 125.13Coordinates: 10°17′N 125°08′E / 10.28°N 125.13°E / 10.28; 125.13
Country Philippines
RegionEastern Visayas (Region VIII)
ProvinceSouthern Leyte
DistrictLone District
FoundedDecember 9, 1954
Barangays30 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorManuel O. Calapre
 • Vice MayorAntonio C. Dalugdugan
 • CongressmanRoger Mercado
 • Electorate16,407 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total100.20 km2 (38.69 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total28,395
 • Density280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6613
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)53
Climate typeTropical rainforest climate
Income class4th municipal income class
Revenue (₱)82.7 million  (2016)
Native languagesKinabalian
Boholano dialect
Cebuano
Tagalog
Websitewww.saintbernard.gov.ph

It is situated on the Pacific coast and the first town form the mountain road from the eastern side of Sogod Bay.

Contents

BarangaysEdit

Saint Bernard is politically subdivided into 30 barangays.

  • Atuyan
  • Ayahag
  • Bantawon
  • Bolodbolod
  • Nueva Esperanza (Cabac-an)
  • Cabagawan
  • Carnaga
  • Catmon
  • Guinsaugon - transformed into a memorial site after the disaster and it is a no-build zone.
  • Himatagon (Poblacion)
  • Himbangan
  • Himos-onan
  • Hinabian
  • Hindag-an
  • Kauswagan
  • Libas
  • Lipanto
  • Magatas
  • Magbagacay
  • Mahayag
  • Mahayahay
  • Malibago
  • Malinao
  • New Guinsaugon
  • Panian
  • San Isidro
  • Santa Cruz
  • Sug-angon
  • Tabon-tabon
  • Tambis I
  • Tambis II

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1960 11,621—    
1970 17,296+4.05%
1975 19,255+2.18%
1980 19,153−0.11%
1990 20,760+0.81%
1995 21,363+0.54%
2000 23,089+1.68%
2007 25,252+1.24%
2010 25,169−0.12%
2015 28,395+2.32%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [3][4][5][6]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Saint Bernard, Southern Leyte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 78
(3.1)
57
(2.2)
84
(3.3)
79
(3.1)
118
(4.6)
181
(7.1)
178
(7.0)
169
(6.7)
172
(6.8)
180
(7.1)
174
(6.9)
128
(5.0)
1,598
(62.9)
Average rainy days 16.7 13.8 17.3 18.5 23.2 26.5 27.1 26.0 26.4 27.5 24.6 21.0 268.6
Source: Meteoblue [7]


HistoryEdit

 
Landslide at Barangay Guinsaugon

This town was formerly the largest barrio of San Juan, then known as "Himatagon". On December 9, 1954, President Ramon Magsaysay issued Executive Order No. 84, converting the barrio as a municipality of Saint Bernard. It was through the efforts of Leyte Governor Bernardo Torres that the conversion was made possible in response to the lingering clamour of the inhabitants for an independent and separate municipality from San Juan.[8]

On February 17, 2006, a tragic series of mudslides killed over 1100 residents in Barangay Guinsaugon. Affected families were treated by the Philippine government and other non-government organizations from all over the world. New houses were built, and the people chose New Guinsaugon as the name of their village located near the town proper.[9][10]

EconomyEdit

Saint Bernard's economy are based in agriculture and marine culture. The municipality is considered among the fastest growing economy in the pacific area of Southern Leyte.

Places of interestEdit

  • Hindag An Falls- Brgy. Hindag-an
  • Tinago Beach- Brgy. Magbagacay
  • Tinago Spring Falls- Brgy. Ayahag
  • Lipanto Marine Sanctuary- Brgy. Lipanto
  • Himbangan Bird Sanctuary- Brgy. Himbangan
  • Sangat Cave and Beach- Brgy. Hindag-an
  • Saub Beach- Brgy. Lipanto
  • Ground Zero Memorial Park & Lawigan River- Lawigan River, access at Brgy Tambis 1
  • Libas River- Brgy. Libas
  • Kissbone Cove and Resort- Brgy. Magbagacay
  • Sto. Nino Shrine - Sitio Cansi, Brgy. Himatagon
  • Mun. Disaster Management Office - LGU Compound, Municipal Building, Brgy. Himatagon

EducationEdit

There are accessible Elementary Schools in every Barangay in the Municipality of Saint Bernard as of 2011 census. List of Secondary Schools in the Municipality of Saint Bernard.

  • Tambis National High School- Brgy. Tambis 1
  • Himbangan National High School- Brgy. Himbangan
  • Cristo Rey Regional High School- Brgy.Malibago
  • New Guinsaugon National High School - Relocation area of New Guinsaugon, Magbagacay

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Southern Leyte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  5. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  6. ^ "Province of Southern Leyte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Saint Bernard, Southern Leyte: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  8. ^ "Historical Background". Municipality of Saint Bernard, Southern Leyte. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  9. ^ "Mud wipes out Philippines village". BBC News. 17 February 2006. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  10. ^ S. G. Evans; R. H. Guthrie; N. J. Roberts; N. F. Bishop (2007). "The disastrous 17 February 2006 rockslide-debris avalanche on Leyte Island, Philippines: a catastrophic landslide in tropical mountain terrain" (PDF). Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. 7 (1). Retrieved 15 July 2013.

External linksEdit