Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (French pronunciation: [sɛ̃ ʒɑ̃ syʁ ʁiʃəljø]) is a city in eastern Montérégie in the Canadian province of Quebec, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of Montreal. It is situated on the west bank of the Richelieu River at the northernmost navigable point of Lake Champlain. The results of the 2011 Census stated that the city's population was 92,394; the number of residents was estimated at 94,636 in 2014.
|Ville de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu|
Old Saint-Jean and the Saint-Jean-l'Evangeliste church at sunset
Location within Le Haut-Richelieu RCM
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||January 24, 2001|
|• Mayor||Alain Laplante|
|• Federal riding||Saint-Jean|
|• Prov. riding||Iberville and Saint-Jean|
|• City||234.20 km2 (90.43 sq mi)|
|• Land||225.78 km2 (87.17 sq mi)|
|• Urban||86.77 km2 (33.50 sq mi)|
|• Metro||225.78 km2 (87.17 sq mi)|
|• Density||409.2/km2 (1,060/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||957.2/km2 (2,479/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||409.2/km2 (1,060/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||5.6%|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||450 and 579|
Historically, the city has been an important transportation hub. The first railway line in British North America connected it with La Prairie in 1836. It also hosts the annual "Festival International des Montgolfières", an international hot air balloon festival which attracts thousands of tourists who come to see the hundreds of balloons in the sky each August.
The Chambly Canal extends 20 kilometres (12 mi) north along the west bank of the river and provides modern freight passage to Chambly and the St. Lawrence River. The canal has one lock near the downtown core of St-Jean-sur-Richelieu. In the winter, the city builds a skating rink on the canal near the lock. In the summer, the embankment on the east side of the canal has a 20-kilometre (12 mi) cycling path.
The French built Fort Saint-Jean (Quebec) in the seventeenth century. Known to early English settlers as St. Johns, it provided an important communication link during the French and Indian Wars. During the American Revolutionary War control of the town changed hands several times as British and American forces moved through the area.
Today St-Jean is a manufacturing centre for textiles, food and wood products. It hosts an Area Support Unit (ASU) of the Canadian Forces, which functions as a primary recruit and officer training establishment.
In 2001 the city and several adjoining communities were merged into the new regional county municipality with a population to 79,600. This merger was requested by the five municipalities involved and was not part of the municipal fusions imposed by the Quebec government the following year.
|Canada census – Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu community profile|
|Population:||92,394 (+5.6% from 2006)||87,492 (+9.9% from 2001)|
|Land area:||225.78 km2 (87.17 sq mi)||225.78 km2 (87.17 sq mi)|
|Population density:||409.2/km2 (1,060/sq mi)||387.5/km2 (1,004/sq mi)|
|Median age:||41.1 (M: 39.8, F: 42.3)||40.2 (M: 39.2, F: 41.3)|
|Total private dwellings:||40,411||37,774|
|Median household income:||$55,412||$48,609|
|Notes: Includes adjustment for 2001 merger with Saint-Luc, Iberville, Saint-Athanase and L'Acadie. – References: 2011 2006 earlier|
(M) adjustment due to merger with Saint-Luc, Iberville, Saint-Athanase and L'Acadie.
The amalgamated municipalities (with 2001 population) were:
- Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (37,386)
- Saint-Luc (20,573)
- Iberville (9,424)
- Saint-Athanase (6,691)
- L'Acadie (5,526)
|Canada Census Mother Tongue - Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec|
French & English
|Year||Responses||Count||Trend||Pop %||Count||Trend||Pop %||Count||Trend||Pop %||Count||Trend||Pop %|
The city is divided in 5 sectors which refer to the former municipalities. Each sectors contains different neighbourhoods:
|Vieux-Saint-Jean||Saint-Luc ("le Village")||Vieux-Iberville||Les Mille-Roches||Vieux-L'Acadie (Village)|
The Ville de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu public transit system provides commuter and local bus services.
According to the 2006 Census, about 23,855 residents (27.3% of the total population) work full-time in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, while 5,750 (6.6%) commute to work in Montreal. A further 1,810 residents (2.1%) work in Longueuil every day, 855 (1.0%) work in Brossard, 795 (0.9%) in Chambly, and 600 (0.7%) work in Boucherville.
By contrast only 745 people commute from Montreal to work in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu every day, while 715 people commute from Longueuil, 590 commute from Saint-Alexandre, 555 from Mont-Saint-Gregoire, and 450 each from Saint-Blaise-sur-Richelieu and Saint-Anne-de-Sabrevois.
The city is split in two by Autoroute de la Vallée-des-Forts (Autoroute 35) which goes North-South by going first through St-Luc district, then turns east just south of Pierre-Caisse Blvd in Saint-Jean-sur-Richlieu district to cross the Richelieu River and to finally continue its way south through St-Athanase and Iberville districts. The highway continues south for some 24 km before ending at Saint-Sébastien.
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu has its own municipal airport, Saint-Jean Airport, and is also close to Montreal Pierre-Elliot Trudeau International Airport.
The former International Railway of Maine runs through the town, now the connecting point for the Central Maine and Quebec Railway with the Canadian Pacific Railway. The former Saint-Jean-d'Iberville railway station is now a preserved building.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2014)
Royal Military College Saint-Jean (French: Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean) serves as a one-year preparatory program for the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario. Original founded in 1952, it ceased being a degree granting military college in 1995 due to cuts to military funding. RMCSJ continued to provide non-degree college programs for French-speaking cadets of the Canadian Forces. The Canadian federal government reopened the military college at St. Jean-sur-Richelieu in the fall of 2007 to provide the full first year of university, equivalent to the Kingston program, for students with English- or French-language backgrounds alongside the college program.
Notable natives and residentsEdit
- Alexandre Boulerice, communication, adviser, community activist, journalist
- Félix-Gabriel Marchand, journalist and Premier of Quebec in the late 19th century, was born in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu.
- The Villeneuve family: Gilles, Jacques Sr. and Jacques (1997 World Champion), Formula One drivers.
- Claude Raymond (baseball) was a major league pitcher and later a sports commentator.
- Jeff Deslauriers is a professional ice hockey goaltender who currently plays for the Oklahoma City Barons of the American Hockey League (AHL).
- Isabelle Brasseur, 1993 World Figure Skating Champion (Pairs), 1992/1994 Olympic bronze medalist
- Swiss footballer Alain Rochat was born in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
- Local ska/punk/reggae band Subb were formed in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu in 1992. They are major contributors to the ska-punk scene in Quebec and the rest of Canada.
- Gerry Boulet, rock singer (Offenbach (band))
- Bernard "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, former Montreal Canadien
- Valérie Tétreault, tennis player
- Jean-Francois Quintin, hockey player
- Claude Giroux, wrestler
- Kevin Owens, wrestler
- David Choinière, footballer
- Edward Antill, American lieutenant colonel who participated in the 1775 Battle of Quebec and married a Quebecer, died here
- Reference number 92441 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
- Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-JEAN (Quebec)
- 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
- 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Population centre), Quebec
- 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Census agglomeration), Quebec. The census agglomeration consists of only Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu itself. This is unchanged from the 2006 census.
- Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
- "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
- "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016census
- "Carrefour Richelieu". The Westcliff Group of Companies. 2007. Archived from the original on 23 October 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- "Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, V (Que.)". Commuting Flow Census Subdivisions: Sex (3) for the Employed Labour Force 15 Years and Over Having a Usual Place of Work of Census Subdivisions, Flows Greater than or Equal to 20, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-02.
- King, M.J. (Chairperson of the board). "South Shore Protestant Regional School Board" (St. Johns, PQ). The News and Eastern Townships Advocate. Volume 119, No. 5. Thursday December 16, 1965. p. 2. Retrieved from Google News on November 23, 2014.