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Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃ ʒɑ̃ syʁ ʁiʃəljø]) is a city in eastern Montérégie in the Canadian province of Quebec, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of Montreal. It is situated on the west bank of the Richelieu River at the northernmost navigable point of Lake Champlain. The results of the 2011 Census stated that the city's population was 92,394; the number of residents was estimated at 94,636 in 2014.

Ville de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Old Saint-Jean and the Saint-Jean-l'Evangeliste church at sunset
Old Saint-Jean and the Saint-Jean-l'Evangeliste church at sunset
Official logo of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Location within Le Haut-Richelieu RCM
Location within Le Haut-Richelieu RCM
St-Jean-sur-Richelieu is located in Quebec
Location within Quebec
Coordinates: 45°19′N 73°16′W / 45.317°N 73.267°W / 45.317; -73.267Coordinates: 45°19′N 73°16′W / 45.317°N 73.267°W / 45.317; -73.267[1]
RCMLe Haut-Richelieu
ConstitutedJanuary 24, 2001
 • MayorAlain Laplante
 • Federal ridingSaint-Jean
 • Prov. ridingIberville and Saint-Jean
 • City234.20 km2 (90.43 sq mi)
 • Land225.78 km2 (87.17 sq mi)
 • Urban86.77 km2 (33.50 sq mi)
 • Metro225.78 km2 (87.17 sq mi)
 • City92,394
 • Density409.2/km2 (1,060/sq mi)
 • Urban83,053
 • Urban density957.2/km2 (2,479/sq mi)
 • Metro94,636
 • Metro density409.2/km2 (1,060/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 5.6%
 • Dwellings
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)450 and 579

Route 104
Route 133
Route 219
Route 223



Historically, the city has been an important transportation hub. The first railway line in British North America connected it with La Prairie in 1836. It also hosts the annual "Festival International des Montgolfières", an international hot air balloon festival which attracts thousands of tourists who come to see the hundreds of balloons in the sky each August.

The Chambly Canal extends 20 kilometres (12 mi) north along the west bank of the river and provides modern freight passage to Chambly and the St. Lawrence River. The canal has one lock near the downtown core of St-Jean-sur-Richelieu. In the winter, the city builds a skating rink on the canal near the lock. In the summer, the embankment on the east side of the canal has a 20-kilometre (12 mi) cycling path.

The French built Fort Saint-Jean (Quebec) in the seventeenth century. Known to early English settlers as St. Johns, it provided an important communication link during the French and Indian Wars. During the American Revolutionary War control of the town changed hands several times as British and American forces moved through the area.

Today St-Jean is a manufacturing centre for textiles, food and wood products. It hosts an Area Support Unit (ASU) of the Canadian Forces, which functions as a primary recruit and officer training establishment.

In 2001 the city and several adjoining communities were merged into the new regional county municipality with a population to 79,600. This merger was requested by the five municipalities involved and was not part of the municipal fusions imposed by the Quebec government the following year.

A LAV III in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu during the 2011 floods.


Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu is located on the banks of the Richelieu River. The city is the seat of Le Haut-Richelieu RCM and of the judicial district of Iberville.[7]



Canada census – Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu community profile
2011 2006
Population: 92,394 (+5.6% from 2006) 87,492 (+9.9% from 2001)
Land area: 225.78 km2 (87.17 sq mi) 225.78 km2 (87.17 sq mi)
Population density: 409.2/km2 (1,060/sq mi) 387.5/km2 (1,004/sq mi)
Median age: 41.1 (M: 39.8, F: 42.3) 40.2 (M: 39.2, F: 41.3)
Total private dwellings: 40,411 37,774
Median household income: $55,412 $48,609
Notes: Includes adjustment for 2001 merger with Saint-Luc, Iberville, Saint-Athanase and L'Acadie. – References: 2011[8] 2006[9] earlier[10]
1991 37,607—    
1996 36,435−3.1%
2001 37,386+2.6%
2001M 79,600+112.9%
2006 87,492+9.9%
2011 92,394+5.6%
(M) adjustment due to merger with Saint-Luc, Iberville, Saint-Athanase and L'Acadie.

The amalgamated municipalities (with 2001 population) were:


Canada Census Mother Tongue - Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec[11]
Census Total
French & English
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
88,535   2.19% 93.08% 2,315   4.1% 2.43% 810   7.28% 0.85% 1,980   24.14% 2.08%
86,635   6.4% 94.79% 2,415   14.5% 2.64% 755   48.0% 0.83% 1,595   20.6% 1.74%
81,445   137.1% 94.62% 2,110   68.1% 2.45% 510   88.9% 0.59% 2,010   131.0% 2.34%
34,350   1.1% 93.48% 1,255   16.2% 3.42% 270   3.8% 0.73% 870   74.0% 2.37%
33,985 n/a 94.86% 1,080 n/a 3.01% 260 n/a 0.73% 500 n/a 1.40%


The city is divided in 5 sectors which refer to the former municipalities. Each sectors contains different neighbourhoods:

Saint-Jean Saint-Luc Iberville Saint-Athanase Acadie
Vieux-Saint-Jean Saint-Luc ("le Village") Vieux-Iberville Les Mille-Roches Vieux-L'Acadie (Village)
Saint-Gérard Les Prés-Verts Saint-Athanase Saint-Athanase-Sud Domaine-Deland
Saint-Edmond Talon Saint-Noël-Chabanel La Canadienne
Saint-Lucien L'Île-Sainte-Thérèse Sacré-Coeur Ruisseau-des-noyers


Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu is home to the Carrefour Richelieu regional shopping mall which has 115 stores.[12]

Commuting patternsEdit

The Ville de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu public transit system provides commuter and local bus services.

According to the 2006 Census, about 23,855 residents (27.3% of the total population) work full-time in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, while 5,750 (6.6%) commute to work in Montreal. A further 1,810 residents (2.1%) work in Longueuil every day, 855 (1.0%) work in Brossard, 795 (0.9%) in Chambly, and 600 (0.7%) work in Boucherville.

By contrast only 745 people commute from Montreal to work in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu every day, while 715 people commute from Longueuil, 590 commute from Saint-Alexandre, 555 from Mont-Saint-Gregoire, and 450 each from Saint-Blaise-sur-Richelieu and Saint-Anne-de-Sabrevois.[13]


Chambly Canal

The city is split in two by Autoroute de la Vallée-des-Forts (Autoroute 35) which goes North-South by going first through St-Luc district, then turns east just south of Pierre-Caisse Blvd in Saint-Jean-sur-Richlieu district to cross the Richelieu River and to finally continue its way south through St-Athanase and Iberville districts. The highway continues south for some 24 km before ending at Saint-Sébastien.

Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu has its own municipal airport, Saint-Jean Airport, and is also close to Montreal Pierre-Elliot Trudeau International Airport.

The former International Railway of Maine runs through the town, now the connecting point for the Central Maine and Quebec Railway with the Canadian Pacific Railway. The former Saint-Jean-d'Iberville railway station is now a preserved building.


The South Shore Protestant Regional School Board previously served the municipality.[14]

Royal Military College Saint-Jean (French: Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean) serves as a one-year preparatory program for the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario. Original founded in 1952, it ceased being a degree granting military college in 1995 due to cuts to military funding. RMCSJ continued to provide non-degree college programs for French-speaking cadets of the Canadian Forces. The Canadian federal government reopened the military college at St. Jean-sur-Richelieu in the fall of 2007 to provide the full first year of university, equivalent to the Kingston program, for students with English- or French-language backgrounds alongside the college program.

Notable natives and residentsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Reference number 92441 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-JEAN (Quebec)
  4. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
  5. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Population centre), Quebec
  6. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Census agglomeration), Quebec. The census agglomeration consists of only Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu itself. This is unchanged from the 2006 census.
  7. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  8. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  11. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016census
  12. ^ "Carrefour Richelieu". The Westcliff Group of Companies. 2007. Archived from the original on 23 October 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  13. ^ "Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, V (Que.)". Commuting Flow Census Subdivisions: Sex (3) for the Employed Labour Force 15 Years and Over Having a Usual Place of Work of Census Subdivisions, Flows Greater than or Equal to 20, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-02.
  14. ^ King, M.J. (Chairperson of the board). "South Shore Protestant Regional School Board" (St. Johns, PQ). The News and Eastern Townships Advocate. Volume 119, No. 5. Thursday December 16, 1965. p. 2. Retrieved from Google News on November 23, 2014.

External linksEdit