Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃ ʒɑ̃ syʁ ʁiʃ(ə)ljø]) is a city in eastern Montérégie in the Canadian province of Quebec, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast of Montreal. It is situated on the west bank of the Richelieu River at the northernmost navigable point of Lake Champlain. As of December 2019, the population of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu was 98,036.[6]

Ville de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Downtown Saint Jean sur Richelieu
Downtown Saint Jean sur Richelieu
Official logo of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Location within Le Haut-Richelieu RCM
Location within Le Haut-Richelieu RCM
St-Jean-sur-Richelieu is located in Quebec
Location within Quebec
Coordinates: 45°19′N 73°16′W / 45.317°N 73.267°W / 45.317; -73.267Coordinates: 45°19′N 73°16′W / 45.317°N 73.267°W / 45.317; -73.267[1]
RCMLe Haut-Richelieu
ConstitutedJanuary 24, 2001
 • MayorAndrée Bouchard
 • Federal ridingSaint-Jean
 • Prov. ridingIberville and Saint-Jean
 • Land226.63 km2 (87.50 sq mi)
 • Urban51.78 km2 (19.99 sq mi)
 • City98,036
 • Density419.7/km2 (1,087/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density1,635.5/km2 (4,236/sq mi)
Increase 2.9%
 • Dwellings
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)450 and 579

Route 104
Route 133
Route 219
Route 223


Historically, the city has been an important transportation hub. The first railway line in British North America connected it with La Prairie in 1836. It also hosts the annual International Balloon Festival of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, a hot air balloon festival which attracts thousands of tourists who come to see the hundreds of balloons in the sky each August.

The Chambly Canal extends 20 kilometres (12 mi) north along the west bank of the river and provides modern freight passage to Chambly and the St. Lawrence River. The canal has one lock near the downtown core of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu. In the winter, the city builds a skating rink on the canal near the lock. In the summer, the embankment on the east side of the canal has a 20-kilometre (12 mi) cycling path.

The French built Fort Saint-Jean (Quebec) in the seventeenth century. Known to early English settlers as St. Johns, it provided an important communication link during the French and Indian Wars. During the American Revolutionary War control of the town changed hands several times as British and American forces moved through the area.

In 2001 the city and several adjoining communities were merged into the new regional county municipality with a population to 79,600. This merger was requested by the five municipalities involved and was not part of the municipal fusions imposed by the Quebec government the following year.

A LAV III in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu during the 2011 floods.


Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu is located on the banks of the Richelieu River. The city is the seat of Le Haut-Richelieu regional county municipality and of the judicial district of Iberville.[7]



Canada census – Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu community profile
Population92,394 (+5.6% from 2006)
Land area225.78 km2 (87.17 sq mi)
Population density409.2/km2 (1,060/sq mi)
Median age41.1 (M: 39.8, F: 42.3)
Total private dwellings40,411
Median household income$55,412
Notes: Includes adjustment for 2001 merger with Saint-Luc, Iberville, Saint-Athanase and L'Acadie.
References: 2011[8] earlier[9][10]
Historical Census Data - Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec[11]
1991 37,607—    
1996 36,435−3.1%
2001 37,386+2.6%
2001M 79,600+112.9%
2006 87,492+9.9%
2011 92,394+5.6%
(M) adjustment due to the merger with Saint-Luc, Iberville, Saint-Athanase and L'Acadie.

The amalgamated municipalities (with 2001 population) were:

Despite the fact that nearby Montreal is very racially diverse, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu has a very large majority of white residents (93.3%). 2.4% of residents are visible minorities and 4.3% identify as aboriginal.[12]


Canada Census Mother Tongue - Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec[11]
Census Total
French & English
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
88,535   2.19% 93.08% 2,315   4.1% 2.43% 810   7.28% 0.85% 1,980   24.14% 2.08%
86,635   6.4% 94.79% 2,415   14.5% 2.64% 755   48.0% 0.83% 1,595   20.6% 1.74%
81,445   137.1% 94.62% 2,110   68.1% 2.45% 510   88.9% 0.59% 2,010   131.0% 2.34%
34,350   1.1% 93.48% 1,255   16.2% 3.42% 270   3.8% 0.73% 870   74.0% 2.37%
33,985 n/a 94.86% 1,080 n/a 3.01% 260 n/a 0.73% 500 n/a 1.40%


The city is divided in five sectors which refer to the former municipalities. Each sector contains different neighbourhoods:

Sectors Saint-Jean Saint-Luc Iberville Saint-Athanase L'Acadie
Neighbourhoods Vieux-Saint-Jean Saint-Luc ("le Village") Vieux-Iberville Les Mille-Roches Vieux-L'Acadie (Village)
Saint-Gérard Les Prés-Verts Saint-Athanase Saint-Athanase-Sud Domaine-Deland
Saint-Edmond Talon Saint-Noël-Chabanel La Canadienne
Saint-Lucien L'Île-Sainte-Thérèse Sacré-Coeur Ruisseau-des-Noyers


Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu is home to the Carrefour Richelieu regional shopping mall which has 115 stores.[13]

Newer retail developments include Faubourg Saint-Jean, home to restaurants, services, stores, and a soon-to-open movie theatre.

The historic downtown area, which borders the Richelieu River and includes Richelieu and Champlain streets, is home to a variety of locally-owned bars, restaurants, and shops.

St-Jean is a manufacturing centre for textiles, wood products, sporting equipment, and metal transformation. It hosts an Area Support Unit (ASU) of the Canadian Forces, which functions as a primary recruit and officer training establishment.

Commuting patternsEdit

The Ville de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu public transit system provides commuter and local bus services.

According to the 2016 Census, 22,840 residents, or 56.7% of the labour force work within the city. An additional 5,135 (12.7%) commute to Montreal, while 2,305 (5.7%) work in Longueuil, 1,440 (3.6%) work in Brossard, and 965 (2.4%) work in Chambly.

By contrast only 770 people commute from Montreal to work in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu every day, while 795 people commute from Longueuil, 780 commute from Chambly, 510 commute from Saint-Alexandre and 500 commute from Mont-Saint-Grégoire.[14]


Chambly Canal

The city is split in two by Autoroute de la Vallée-des-Forts (Autoroute 35) which goes North-South by going first through Saint-Luc district, then turns east just south of Pierre-Caisse Boulevard in Saint-Jean-sur-Richlieu district to cross the Richelieu River and to finally continue its way south through St-Athanase and Iberville districts. The highway continues south for some 24 km before ending at Saint-Sébastien.

Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu has its own municipal airport, Saint-Jean Airport, and is also close to Montreal Pierre-Elliot Trudeau International Airport.

The former International Railway of Maine runs through the town, now the connecting point for the Central Maine and Quebec Railway with the Canadian Pacific Railway. The former Saint-Jean-d'Iberville railway station, which until 1966 served the Ambassador to Boston and New York City and the Washingtonian to Washington, D.C., is now a preserved building.


The South Shore Protestant Regional School Board previously served the municipality.[15]

In addition to more than a dozen public elementary and secondary schools, St-Jean is home to two private schools, one English-language school, and two higher education institutions:

  • École Vision Saint-Jean, a trilingual (French-English-Spanish) primary school
  • École Secondaire Marcellin Champagnat, a historically Catholic (now non-religious) high school
  • Saint-John's School, the city's only English-language school, which serves students from Kindergarten through high school. Per Quebec law, only children whose parents attended English-language school are allowed to attend English school themselves; French is mandatory for everyone else.
  • Royal Military College Saint-Jean (French: Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean) serves as a one-year preparatory program for the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario. Original founded in 1952, it ceased being a degree granting military college in 1995 due to cuts to military funding. RMCSJ continued to provide non-degree college programs for French-speaking cadets of the Canadian Forces. The Canadian federal government reopened the military college at Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu in the fall of 2007 to provide the full first year of university, equivalent to the Kingston program, for students with English- or French-language backgrounds alongside the college program.
  • CEGEP Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, part of Quebec's CEGEP network, offering post-secondary, pre-university programs

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Reference number 92441 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-JEAN (Quebec)[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b [1], 2016 Census Municipal Data.
  5. ^ [2], 2016 Census Population Centre.
  6. ^ "Portrait de la ville". Ville de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (in French). Retrieved 2020-07-05.
  7. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  8. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
  11. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016census
  12. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2017-02-08). "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Le Haut-Richelieu, Municipalité régionale de comté [Census division], Quebec". Retrieved 2019-08-08.
  13. ^ "Carrefour Richelieu". The Westcliff Group of Companies. 2007. Archived from the original on 23 October 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  14. ^ "2016 Census". 29 November 2017.
  15. ^ King, M.J. (Chairperson of the board). "South Shore Protestant Regional School Board" (St. Johns, PQ). The News and Eastern Townships Advocate. Volume 119, No. 5. Thursday December 16, 1965. p. 2. Retrieved from Google News on November 23, 2014.

External linksEdit