Saint-Jérôme line

Saint-Jérôme (also designated exo2, formerly known as Blainville–Saint-Jérôme) is a commuter railway line in Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is operated by Exo, the organization that operates public transport services across this region.

Saint-Jérôme
Amtstje.jpg
Inbound train at Parc station
Overview
OwnerCanadian Pacific Railway (railways between Lucien-L'Allier and Sainte-Thérèse, RTM (rolling stock and railways between Sainte-Thérèse and Saint-Jérôme)
Line numberSJ
LocaleGreater Montreal
Termini
Stations14
WebsiteExo - Saint-Jérôme line
Service
TypeCommuter rail
SystemExo
Operator(s)Bombardier Transportation
Daily ridership12,544 (2018)[1]
Ridership3,261,600 (2018)
History
Opened1882
Technical
Line length62.8 km (39.0 mi)[2]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
ElectrificationNo
Route map
Carte Mtl Blainville Saint-Jérôme.svg
Saint-Jérôme line
Original station
Saint-Jérôme
Mirabel
Blainville
Sainte-Thérèse
Rosemère
Zone C
Zone B
Sainte-Rose
Vimont
originally Petite-Cote
Saint-Martin Junction
QGR to Quebec City
Saint-Martin
De La Concorde
Zone B
Zone A
Bois-de-Boulogne
originally Henri-Bourassa
Chabanel
Parc
originally
Jean Talon
Montreal Metro.svg Parc
Montréal-Ouest
originally Montreal Junction
Vendôme
Westmount
Lucien-L'Allier
Windsor Station

The Saint-Jérôme line was operated by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) between 1882 and 1981. The line was not active until Exo's predecessor agency, the Agence Métropolitaine de transport (AMT), resumed passenger service in 1997.

There are 14 inbound and 14 outbound departures each weekday. There are six departures on Saturday and Sunday, although these trains terminate at De La Concorde station with connection to De La Concorde Metro station, instead of continuing to Parc or Lucien-L'Allier Station.[3]

OverviewEdit

This line links the Lucien-L'Allier station in Downtown Montreal with Saint-Jérôme, on Montreal's North Shore. More than 2000 Park and Ride spaces are available for commuters.

The line offers 14 inbound and outbound trains per day on weekdays and 6 inbound and outbound trains per day on weekends and civic holidays. The frequency of service is 25–45 minutes during rush hour and every one to two hours outside of rush hour. As of August 2021, all weekday trains terminate at or originate from Lucien-L'Allier station, except for three inbound and three outbound trains daily which terminate or originate at Parc station. On weekends, all trains terminate and originate at De La Concorde station.[4]

Today, more than 14,000 people ride the line daily.

HistoryEdit

CP ServiceEdit

The line between Montreal and Saint-Jérôme was built in 1876 by the Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway (QMOO), which was owned by the Government of Quebec. In 1881, it was sold to Canadian Pacific along with the line on the north shore of the St. Lawrence and Ottawa rivers, between Quebec City and Ottawa. CP operated Le petit train du nord, the Ottawa train via Lachute, the Quebec train via Trois-Rivières as well as the Sainte-Thérèse RDC train along this route between 1882 and 1979. P'tit Train du Nord formerly extended northwards beyond Saint-Jerome, into the ski hills of the Laurentians, once extending to Mont-Laurier

AMT ServiceEdit

The Montreal–Blainville line was originally opened in July 1997 and was supposed to serve commuters during the construction on the Marius Dufresne Bridge. In its early stages of life, the AMT Blainville train was composed of a GP9 locomotive and four Canadian Vickers Gallery Coaches. Although it offered only three departures per day (two peak, one reverse peak), it instantly became very successful. In 1997, there were only four stations: Blainville, Sainte-Thérèse, Saint-Martin, and Jean-Talon (now Parc). The stations were merely wooden platforms with gravel parking lots; not too much money was spent because the line was not supposed to become permanent. Service increased in September 1997 to six departures per day (four peak, two reverse peak) and stations were added at Sainte-Rose and Henri-Bourassa (now Bois-de-Boulogne), the line had become permanent. The Rosemère station at Rosemère was built in 1998.

To make the operation successful, buses were used to carry passengers from areas around the stations in Blainville and Sainte-Thérèse. These buses came from the CIT des Basses-Laurentides (now CIT Laurentides). In Montreal, STCUM (now STM) buses were used from the Jean-Talon Station to downtown Montreal (Guy-Concordia) metro station (The 935 Trainbus Blainville / Centreville).[5]

In 1999, the STCUM had problems with a number of buses in their Nova LFS fleet, pulling them off the roads completely. To cope with the situation the AMT decided to extend the service from Parc metro directly downtown to Gare Windsor (now Lucien-L'Allier Terminus).

A little later, a stop was added at the currently-existing Vendôme station.

In late 2003, a stop was added at Montréal-Ouest. Trains previously passed through the station without stopping.

Following the collapse of the De la Concorde overpass in Laval in October 2006, the AMT opened the temporary station Vimont on Bellerose Boulevard in anticipation of increased ridership. The AMT also leased eight bilevel coaches and one F59PH locomotive from GO Transit to allow for additional trains in the short term. In November the highway was re-opened, and the leased train set was returned to GO Transit, but the Vimont station became a permanent stop on the line.

 
End of the line at Saint-Jérôme

On January 8, 2007, the line was extended from Blainville to Saint-Jérôme, the new Chabanel station was also opened, and a new schedule was released. As a result, only 10 round trips are made per day, instead of 11.[6]

On April 28, 2007, along with the opening of the metro to Laval, the De La Concorde station was opened. The Saint-Martin station was closed because of its proximity to De La Concorde.

In 2013, work was completed to double the track between Sainte-Rose station and Saint-Martin Junction and install Automatic Train Control (ATC) between Parc station and the end of the line in Saint-Jérôme. Various upgrading at different stations is ongoing and will be complete by November 2013. The $50-million project allowed for the addition of six weekday departures on August 5, 2013.[7]

RTM serviceEdit

On June 1, 2017, the AMT was dissolved and replaced by two new governing bodies, the Autorité régionale de transport métropolitain (ARTM) and the Réseau de transport métropolitain (RTM). The RTM took over all former AMT services, including this line, and changed its name to Exo in May 2018.

Construction on a new station, Mirabel, began in 2019. Initially scheduled for completion in 2020, it was opened on January 4, 2021.[8] This station is lodged between Blainville and Saint-Jérôme, and was built in order to better serve residents of the area.

Future projectsEdit

The ARTM is currently considering the following future projects:[9]

  • The ARTM is planning a station in Outremont at the current site of the Outremont Yards. The Université de Montréal purchased the land and plans to convert the rail yards into a new campus in Montréal. The project is currently under study by the City of Montréal and the ARTM. No timeline has been given.
  • The ARTM is studying improving access to its Blainville and Sainte-Thérèse train stations as well as doubling the railway between Sainte-Rose and Sainte-Thérèse, which includes work to double the track over a bridge.

StationsEdit

There are 14 stations on the Saint-Jérôme Line:

Station Location Connections Zones
Lucien-L'Allier Ville-Marie, Montreal   Lucien-L'Allier Metro station
  Downtown Terminus
  STM: 36 (On rue Saint-Antoine),150, 358, 410, 430, 435 (On René Lévesque Boulevard), 935 Trainbus Blainville / Centre-Ville (one block away at the corner of René Lévesque Boulevard and Peel Street)
1
Vendôme Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Montreal   Vendôme Metro station
  STM: 17 (north bound at the corner of Decarie Boulevard and De Maisonneuve Boulevard, south bound at the corner of rue Girouard and Upper Lachine Road), 37, 90, 102, 104, 105, 124, 371 (same corners as 17) & 24, 63, 356 (these last three one block north on Sherbrooke Street west[10][11])
Montréal-Ouest Montreal West   STM: 51, 90 (250 metres; 275 yards south on rue Saint-Jacques), 105, 123, 162, 356
Parc Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension, Montreal   Parc Metro station,
  STM: 16, 80, 92, 93, 365, 372, 480[12]
Chabanel Ahuntsic-Cartierville, Montreal   STM: 19, 54, 135, 146[13]
Less than one kilometre (1000 yards) walking distance of the Ahuntsic station on the   Mascouche line.[14]
Bois-de-Boulogne   STM: 135, 164, 171, 180, 380[15] 2
De La Concorde Laval-des-Rapides, Laval   De La Concorde Metro station,[16]
  STL: 2, 33, 37, 42, 63[17]
3
Vimont Vimont, Laval   STL: 27, 4[18]
Sainte-Rose Sainte-Rose, Laval   STL: 63, 65, 73[19]
Rosemère Rosemère   Exo: 12, 15, 17, 20, 22[20] 5
Sainte-Thérèse Sainte-Thérèse   Exo: 9, 11, 22, 23, 27, 51, 60, 61, 73, 88
Blainville Blainville   Exo: 71, 72[21] 6
Mirabel Mirabel   Exo: 9 6
Saint-Jérôme Saint-Jérôme   Exo: 9, 100, 101, 102, 103, 105, 107[22]
  CRTL: 35[22]

Intercity buses from Groupe Galland,[23] Autobus Maheux[24] and Transport Adapté et Collectif des Laurentides (TACL).[25]

7

NotesEdit

The Saint-Jérôme Line operates over the following Canadian Pacific Railway subdivisions:

Westmount Subdivision Lucien-L'Allier 0.1 Montreal West 4.6
North Junction Lead Montreal-West 0.0 St-Luc Jct* 2.1
Adirondack Subdivision St-Luc Jct 45.4 Outremont* 49.1
Parc Subdivision Outremont 4.7 Saint-Jérôme 32.9

* Saint-Luc Jct and Outremont are not passenger stops.

Exo owns the track from Sainte-Thérèse to Saint-Jérôme.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://exo.quebec/Media/Default/pdf/section8/publications/RA_2018_exo.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  2. ^ "RTM - Saint-Jérôme line - Information". Réseau de transport métropolitain. 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  3. ^ "Horaire ligne Saint-Jérôme" (PDF) (in French). Agence métropolitaine de transport. 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  4. ^ "exo2 Saint-Jérôme, horaire en vigueur à compter du 4 janvier 2021" (PDF). exo. 4 January 2021. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Reprise du service de la navette trainbus 935, de la gare Jean-Talon au centre-ville". AMT. 1999. Retrieved 2006-12-26.
  6. ^ "Train de Banlieue Montréal/Blainville/Saint-Jérôme" (PDF). AMT. 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-08.
  7. ^ Increasing capacity on the Blainville–St-Jérôme Line
  8. ^ "Exo".
  9. ^ Programme triennal d'immobilisations (in French only)
  10. ^ "Plan du Reseau STM 2007" (PDF). STM. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
  11. ^ "Plan du Reseau de Nuit STM 2006" (PDF). STM. 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-26.
  12. ^ "Vendôme". STM. 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  13. ^ "AMT - Saint-Jérôme line > Bus transfers". AMT. 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  14. ^ Google Maps walking itinerary
  15. ^ "AMT - Saint-Jérôme line > Bus transfers". AMT. 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  16. ^ "De la Concorde". STM. 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  17. ^ "AMT - Saint-Jérôme line > Bus transfers". AMT. 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  18. ^ "AMT - Saint-Jérôme line > Bus transfers". AMT. 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  19. ^ "AMT - Saint-Jérôme line > Bus transfers". AMT. 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  20. ^ "AMT - Saint-Jérôme line > Bus transfers". AMT. 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  21. ^ "AMT - Saint-Jérôme line > Bus transfers". AMT. 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  22. ^ a b "AMT - Saint-Jérôme line > Bus transfers". AMT. 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  23. ^ "Autobus Galland - Billets, Forfaits, Location d'autobus et plus encore" (in French). Groupe Galland. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  24. ^ (PDF) (in French). Autocars Maheux http://www.autobusmaheux.qc.ca/documents/horaires/20150401-horaires_autocars_maheux.pdf. Retrieved 2015-06-08. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. ^ (PDF) (in French). Transport Adapté et Collectif des Laurentides http://www.transportlaurentides.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/TACL_trajets_horaire_25Aout2014.pdf. Retrieved 2015-06-08. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)

External linksEdit