Saima (newspaper)

Saima was a Swedish language weekly newspaper which was published in Turku, Finland.[1] It was one of the first Swedish language newspapers in Finland. The paper adopted the libertarian theory of the press[2] which would lead to its closure in 1846 soon after its start in 1844.

Saima
TypeWeekly newspaper
EditorJohan Vilhelm Snellman (1844–1846)
Founded1844
LanguageSwedish
Ceased publication1846
HeadquartersTurku

History and profileEdit

Saima was founded by Johan Vilhelm Snellman, a Swedish-origin Finnish politician, in 1844.[1] He was also the editor-in-chief of the paper which targeted educated people and was one of the earliest examples of the active and critical publications.[3][4] Snellman published articles in the paper which appeared on a weekly basis[5] and expressed his views on nationality, language and literature.[6] He argued in an article in the second issue of Saima dated January 1844 that Finland did not have a national literature.[6] The paper ceased publication in 1846 when it was banned by the authorities due to its liberal political and cultural stance which were considered to be a threat to the rule of Grand Duke of Finland, Nicholas I.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Jani Marjanen; et al. (2019). "A National Public Sphere? Analyzing the Language, Location, and Form of Newspapers in Finland, 1771–1917". Journal of European Periodical Studies. 4 (1): 61. doi:10.21825/jeps.v4i1.10483.
  2. ^ Jukka Kortti (2018). "Religion and the cultural public sphere: The case of the Finnish liberal intelligentsia during the turmoil of the early twentieth century". History of European Ideas. 44 (1): 101. doi:10.1080/01916599.2017.1402800.
  3. ^ Jyrki Loima (2014). "A Case Study of Education and Nationalism: The Multicultural Fight for "Souls and Minds" in Finland, 1891–1921". The Historian. 76 (4): 752. doi:10.1111/hisn.12052.
  4. ^ a b Ilkka Mäkinen (Winter 2015). "From Literacy to Love of Reading: The Fennomanian Ideology of Reading in the 19th-century Finland". Journal of Social History. 49 (2): 294. doi:10.1093/jsh/shv039.
  5. ^ Kaarle Nordenstreng (2017). "Freedom of Speech in Finland 1766-2016. A Byproduct of Political Struggles". In Ulla Carlsson; David Goldberg (eds.). The Legacy of Peter Forsskål. 250 Years of Freedom of Expression. Nordicom. p. 78. ISBN 978-91-87957-63-5.
  6. ^ a b Ilkka Mäkinen (2016). "Found in Translations: J.V. Snellman's (1806–1881) Thoughts on Translations as a way to Strengthen the Finnish National Literature". Knygotyra. 66: 52. doi:10.15388/kn.v66i0.10017.