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Sailing at the 1976 Summer Olympics

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece). With the exception of 1904 and the canceled 1916 Summer Olympics, sailing has always been included on the Olympic schedule. The sailing program of 1976 consisted of six sailing classes (disciplines). For each class, seven races were scheduled from 19 July 1976 to 27 July 1976 off the coast of Kingston, Ontario, on Lake Ontario. The sailing was done on the triangular-type Olympic courses.

Sailing
at the Games of the XXI Olympiad
Woodcarve Finn, Tornado, Tempest.png

Woodcarve 470, Soling, FD.png
Woodcarves of the Olympic classes at the
Portsmouth Olympic Harbour
VenuesKingston
DatesFirst race: 19 July 1976 (1976-07-19)
Last race: 27 July 1976 (1976-07-27)
Competitors226 (225 male), (1 female) from 40 nations
Boats130
← 1972
1980 →

VenueEdit

Portsmouth Olympic Harbour
Olympic Flame
 
Coordinates: 44°13′03″N 76°30′31″W / 44.21750°N 76.50861°W / 44.21750; -76.50861
 
Olympic Course Area's 1976.

According to the IOC statutes the contests in all sport disciplines must be held either in, or as close as possible to the city which the IOC has chosen. Since Montréal was not a suitable place the Portsmouth Olympic Harbour Kingston, Ontario, constructed in 1969, was reconstructed in 1974 in time for the 1976 Olympic Sailing event. A total of three race areas were created on Lake Ontario.

The distance from the Portsmouth Olympic Harbour to course area Bravo (red) was about 5 nmi (9.3 km) From there it was another 5 nmi (9.3 km) to the course area's Alpha (yellow) and Charlie (blue). This however ensured wind conditions without local effects.

CompetitionEdit

OverviewEdit

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
4 40 6 130 225 1

ContinentsEdit

  • Asia
  • Oceania
  • Europe
  • Americas

CountriesEdit

 
Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1976 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG
  Argentina (ARG)   Australia (AUS)   Austria (AUT)
  Bahamas (BAH)   Belgium (BEL)   Bermuda (BER)
  Brazil (BRA)   Canada (CAN)   Cayman Islands (CAY)
  Colombia (COL)   Denmark (DEN)   Spain (ESP)
  Finland (FIN)   France (FRA)   Great Britain (GBR)
  East Germany (GDR)   West Germany (FRG)   Greece (GRE)
  Guatemala (GUA)   Hungary (HUN)   Ireland (IRL)
  Israel (ISR)   Virgin Islands (ISV)   Italy (ITA)
  Japan (JPN)   Mexico (MEX)   Monaco (MON)
  Netherlands (NED)   Norway (NOR)   New Zealand (NZL)
  Philippines (PHI)   Poland (POL)   Portugal (POR)
  Puerto Rico (PUR)   Switzerland (SUI)   Sweden (SWE)
  Thailand (THA)   Soviet Union (URS)   United States (USA)
  Yugoslavia (YUG)

Classes (equipment)Edit

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jib/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
Finn Dinghy   1 0 + 1952 7
470 Dinghy   2 1 + + + 1976 1
Flying Dutchman Dinghy   2 1 + + + 1960 5
Tornado Catamaran   2 1 + + 1976 1
Tempest Keelboat   2 1 + + + 1972 2
Soling Keelboat   3 0 + + + 1972 2

Medal summaryEdit

Medal tableEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  West Germany (FRG)2013
2  Great Britain (GBR)1102
3  East Germany (GDR)1012
4  Denmark (DEN)1001
  Sweden (SWE)1001
6  United States (USA)0213
7  Soviet Union (URS)0202
8  Spain (ESP)0101
9  Australia (AUS)0022
10  Brazil (BRA)0011
Totals (10 nations)66618

RemarksEdit

FacilitiesEdit

At the Portsmouth area a new Olympic facility was constructed. This building was built to contain all facilities needed during that period. It holds for instance a large measurement hall and several exercise rooms. Only the size of the overhead doors of the measurement hall was not wide enough to bring a fully assembled Tornado in. Each had to be lifted on one side to enter diagonally.

SailingEdit

After the races in the Tempest an unprecedented incident occurred:

Alan Warren and David Hunt set their Tempest on fire. With this boat they won the silver medal in 1972 but during the transport to Canada the boat called "Gift 'orse" was damaged. Warren and Hunt ended in Kingston on place 14. After the incident Warren stated: "The Horse was lame and we had to put her down."

The story did not end there. Canadian customs couldn't accept that the boat was not available for them to inspect.

SailorsEdit

During the sailing regattas at the 1972 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

ReferencesEdit

  • (ed.) Louis Chantigny (1978). Montréal 1976 Official Report,Volume I: Organization (PDF). Ottawa: COJO. Retrieved 24 January 2011.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • (ed.) Louis Chantigny (1978). Montréal 1976 Official Report,Volume II: Facilities (PDF). Ottawa: COJO. Retrieved 24 January 2011.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • (ed.) Louis Chantigny (1978). Montréal 1976 Official Report,Volume III: Results (PDF). Ottawa: COJO. Retrieved 24 January 2011.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Kubatko, Justin. "Sailing at the 1976 Montréal Summer Games: Sailing". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
  • Hugh Drake & Paul Henderson (2009). Canada's Olympic Sailing Legacy, Paris 1924 – Beijing 2008. Toronto: CYA.
  • Official IYRU movie of the 1976 Olympics