Open main menu

Sagar (formerly Saugor) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in central India. Situated on a spur of the Vindhya Range and 1,758 feet (536 m) above sea-level. The city is around 172 kilometres (107 mi) northeast of state capital, Bhopal. It is situated almost in the centre of India.

Sagar

Saugor
City
Skyline of Sagar
Sagar is located in Madhya Pradesh
Sagar
Sagar
Sagar is located in India
Sagar
Sagar
Sagar is located in Asia
Sagar
Sagar
Coordinates: 23°50′N 78°43′E / 23.83°N 78.71°E / 23.83; 78.71Coordinates: 23°50′N 78°43′E / 23.83°N 78.71°E / 23.83; 78.71
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictSagar
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodySagar Municipal Corporation
 • MayorAbhay Dare
Area
 • Metro
49.763 km2 (19.214 sq mi)
Elevation
427 m (1,401 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • City370,296
 • Density232/km2 (600/sq mi)
Language
 • OfficialHindi[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
470001,2,3,4
Telephone code91 7582
Vehicle registrationMP-15
Websitewww.sagar.nic.in

Sagar has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission and listed top safest city of India 2018. Sagar University was founded on 18 July 1946. In February 1983 the name was changed to Dr. Hari Singh Gour University.

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The original name 'Saugor' (Hindi: सौगढ़) is an amalgamation of two words: sau meaning Hundred (100) and garh meaning forts; there were countless small-forts in this region. With time the name changed from Saugor to Sagar.[2][better source needed][3][better source needed]

HistoryEdit

The ancient Indian kingdom of Chedi had its capital at Suktimati, which is located in Sagar in contemporary times. The history of Sagar District before 1022 A.D. is generally unknown; after that, records are available. Sagar was under the rule of Ahir Rajas and their capital was at Garhpehra. In 1660, Udenshah, founded the present town of Sagar.[4]

After 1735, the city came under the rule of the Peshwas. In 1818, a large part of the Sagar district was ceded by Peshwa Baji Rao II to the [East India Company|British East India Company]]. Administratively, the position of Sagar and the neighbouring territories underwent frequent changes.

The Saugor territory was , first of all, placed under the superintendent of Political Affairs of Bundelkhand. Later, in 1820, this area, called the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories, was placed under the administration of an agent to the governer general. The region fell under the North-Western Provinces following its constitution in 1835. In 1842 occurred the Bundela rising, the quelling of which demanded a more direct attention by the Governor-General. But order was restored in the following year, and the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories were again placed under the political control of an Agent to the Governor-General. The arrangement however, was not found to be satisfactory and these territories were once again restored to the North-Western Provinces in 1853. Thereafter in 1861 the Saugor and Nerbudda territories, along with the Nagpur state formed a Commissioner's Province called Central Provinces.[5]

ClimateEdit

Sagar has humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with hot summers, a somewhat cooler monsoon season and cool winters. Very heavy rain falls in the monsoon season from June to September.

Climate data for Sagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.2
(90.0)
35.0
(95.0)
39.1
(102.4)
42.8
(109.0)
46.0
(114.8)
44.8
(112.6)
40.0
(104.0)
35.3
(95.5)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
34.6
(94.3)
30.6
(87.1)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
26.7
(80.1)
32.2
(90.0)
37.8
(100.0)
40.6
(105.1)
37.2
(99.0)
30.2
(86.4)
28.6
(83.5)
30.4
(86.7)
31.6
(88.9)
28.7
(83.7)
25.1
(77.2)
31.1
(88.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.3
(63.1)
19.9
(67.8)
25.3
(77.5)
30.6
(87.1)
33.5
(92.3)
31.4
(88.5)
26.7
(80.1)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
22.4
(72.3)
18.3
(64.9)
25.3
(77.5)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
13.0
(55.4)
18.3
(64.9)
23.3
(73.9)
26.3
(79.3)
25.4
(77.7)
23.2
(73.8)
22.5
(72.5)
22.1
(71.8)
20.2
(68.4)
16.0
(60.8)
11.5
(52.7)
19.3
(66.8)
Record low °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
4.9
(40.8)
9.8
(49.6)
14.3
(57.7)
18.3
(64.9)
18.1
(64.6)
19.9
(67.8)
16.6
(61.9)
17.0
(62.6)
12.1
(53.8)
9.1
(48.4)
6.0
(42.8)
4.6
(40.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27
(1.1)
14
(0.6)
4
(0.2)
2
(0.1)
16
(0.6)
170
(6.7)
350
(13.8)
467
(18.4)
162
(6.4)
33
(1.3)
19
(0.7)
15
(0.6)
1,279
(50.5)
Average rainy days 2.3 2.3 0.8 0.2 1.9 9.6 16.5 19.7 10.0 2.2 0.9 1.2 67.6
Average relative humidity (%) 49 43 32 25 29 55 81 86 75 52 43 49 52
Source: NOAA (1971-1990)[6]

DemographicsEdit

As of the 2011[7] India census, Sagar had a population of 2,378,458 of which male and female were 1,256,257 and 1,122,201 respectively. In the 2001 census, Sagar had a population of 2,021,987 of which males were 1,073,205 and remaining 948,782 were females. Average literacy rates of Sagar in 2011 were 76.46 compared to 67.73 of 2001. Gender-wise, male and female literacy rates were 84.85 and 67.02 respectively in 2011. For the 2001 census, the rates stood at 79.41 and 54.35 in Sagar District. The total number of literates in Sagar District were 1,545,719 of which male and female were 908,607 and 637,112 respectively. In 2001, Sagar District had 1,118,993 literates in its district.

Religion in City of Sagar (2011)[8]

  Hinduism (81.53%)
  Islam (10.16%)
  Jainism (7.28%)
  Christianity (0.63%)
  Other or Not stated (0.21%)
  Sikhism (0.15%)
  Buddhism (0.04%)

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  2. ^ "About Sagar". Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  3. ^ "Sagar Places To Visit". www.touristlink.com. Tourist Link.
  4. ^ Arun K. Jain, A. N. Sharma (2006). "The Beria (Rai Dancers): A Socio-demographic, Reproductive, and Child Health Care Practices Profile". Berias. Sarup & Sons. p. 13. ISBN 9788176257145. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  5. ^ "History of Sagar". sagar.nic.in. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Sagar Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  7. ^ "Sagar District Population Census 2011, Madhya Pradesh literacy sex ratio and density". Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  8. ^ [no "Sagar Religion Census 2011"] Check |url= value (help). no. Census 2011 India. [no Archived] Check |archiveurl= value (help) from the original on no. Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)