Safranbolu (Greek: Σαφράμπολις, Saframpolis) is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is about 9 km north of the city of Karabük, 200 kilometres (120 mi) north of Ankara and about 100 km south of the Black Sea coast. The town's historic names in Greek were Theodoroupolis (Θεοδωρούπολις, i.e. city of Theodorus or female Theodora) and later Saframpolis (Σαφράμπολις). Its former names in Turkish were Zalifre and Taraklıborlu. It was part of Kastamonu Province until 1923 and Zonguldak Province between 1923 and 1995.
|• Mayor||Elif Köse (CHP)|
|• District||999.99 km2 (386.10 sq mi)|
|Elevation||485 m (1,591 ft)|
|• District density||55/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Criteria||Cultural: ii, iv, v|
|Inscription||1994 (18th Session)|
According to the 2000 census, the population of the district was 47,257, of which 31,697 lived in the town of Safranbolu. The district covers an area of 1,000 km2 (386 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 485 m (1,591 ft).
The Old Town preserves many historic buildings, with 1008 registered historical artifacts. These are: 1 private museum, 25 mosques, 5 tombs, 8 historical fountains, 5 Turkish baths, 3 caravanserais, 1 historical clock tower, 1 sundial and hundreds of houses and mansions. Also, there are mounds of ancient settlements, rock tombs and historical bridges. The Old Town is situated in a deep ravine in a fairly dry area in the rain shadow of the mountains. The New Town can be found on the plateau about two kilometers west of the Old Town.
The name of the town derives from "saffron" and the Greek word polis (πόλις) meaning "city", since Safranbolu was a trading place and a center for growing saffron. Today, saffron is still grown at the village of Davutobası to the east of Safranbolu, with a road distance of 22 kilometres.
It was founded by the Ottomans.
- Karabaşzade Hüseyin Efendi (Cinci Hoca) - Mentor of Ottoman Sultan İbrahim in the 17th century
- Safranbolulu Izzet Mehmet Pasha, 18th century Ottoman Grand Vizier, in office 1794–1798
- Türker İnanoğlu (b. 1936), film producer
- Ali Gümüş (1940–2015), President of the Wrestling Commission of the International Sports Press Association (Association Internationale de la Presse Sportive, AIPS), journalist and author
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Turkish Statistical Institute. "Census 2000, Key statistics for urban areas of Turkey" (in Turkish). Archived from the original (XLS) on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-11-22.
- Statoids. "Statistical information on districts of Turkey". Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2008-11-22.
- Kemal Karpat (1985), Ottoman Population, 1830-1914, Demographic and Social Characteristics, The University of Wisconsin Press, p. 138-139
- "Safranbolu". World Heritage Site. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- "Saffron Harvest in the Land of the Golden Plant". Cornucopia. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- "City of Safranbolu". UNESCO World Heritage Convention. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- Elabuga and Safranbolu become sister cities Archived May 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- Bayazıt, Nigan (2014). "Social and Cultural Change of Traditional Safranbolu Houses in 35 Years". 7th International Seminar on Vernacular Settlements. Istanbul: Istanbul Technical University.
- Celikyay, Selma; Donmez, Sirin; Bollukcu, Pinar; Kahriman, Emine; Ates, Oguz (18 June 2010). "An urban design framework for sustainability of historical environment: A case of Safranbolu, Turkey". African Journal of Agricultural Research. Academic Journals. 5 (12): 1456–1473.
- Coşkun, Mücahit; Gök, Mesut; Coşkun, Sevda (2017). "Climate Characteristics of Safranbolu (Karabük) and Saffron cultivation". International Journal of Geography and Geology. Conscientiabeam. 6 (3): 58–69.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Safranbolu.|
- Safranbolu travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Governor's official web site
- UNESCO World Heritage - Safranbolu
- Safranbolu: A Town of Traditional Houses