Safiya Zaghloul (Arabic: صفية زغلول / ALA-LC: Ṣafīyah Zaghlūl; née Fahmy; 1878–12 January 1946) was an Egyptian political activist. She was among the early leaders of the Wafd Party.

Safiya Zaghloul
صفية زغلول
Safiya Fahmy

DiedJanuary 12, 1946(1946-01-12) (aged 69–70)
SpouseSaad Zaghloul
ParentMustafa Fahmi Pasha (father)

Background edit

Zaghloul was born in 1878. Her father, Mostafa Fahmy Pasha, , was the seventh prime minister of Egypt.[1]

She married Saad Zaghloul in 1896,[2] an Egyptian revolutionary and Prime Minister of Egypt from 26 January 1924 to 24 November 1924.[3]

Activities edit

After the exile of her husband Saad Zaghloul to Malta [4] in 1919, she became a central figure of the Wafd Party, and her home a center for the party. She organized a demonstration of 500 women. After the death of her spouse in 1927, Zaghloul was central in the appointment of a new party leader. In fact, she was the leader of the Women's Wafd.[5] She retired from political life after the party split of 1937.

She was known as Om El-Masriyyin ( Mother Of The Egyptians) and her home in Cairo was called as Beit El-Umma (House of the Nation).[6]

References edit

  1. ^ Doss, Madiha; Helmi, Laila (2013). Nowaira, Amira; El Kholy, Azza; Ennaji, Moha (eds.). Des femmes écrivent l'Afrique: L'Afrique du Nord (in French). Karthala Editions. p. 434. ISBN 978-2-8111-0731-4.
  2. ^ Albert Hourani (1962). Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798-1939. London: Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2017.[ISBN missing]
  3. ^ Steven A. Cook (1 September 2011). The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square. Oxford University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-19-979532-1. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  4. ^ "This day in history: Mother of Egyptians Safeya Zaghloul dies in 1946 - Egypt Independent". Egypt Independent. 12 January 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Women in power". Women leaders guide. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  6. ^ Nabila Ramdani (2013). "Women in the 1919 Egyptian Revolution: From Feminist Awakening to Nationalist Political Activism". Journal of International Women's Studies. 14 (2): 39–52. Retrieved 28 October 2013.