Sadr al-Dīn Mūsā

Sadr al-Din Musa(1305-1391)(صدر الدين) was the son and successor of Safi-ad-din Ardabili. His mother was Bibi Fatima, daughter of Zahed Gilani. Sadr al-Din directed the Safaviyya for 59 years. During this time, the activities of the Safaviyya were viewed with favour by Timur, who provided an endowment for the shrine of Safi-ad-din Ardabili in Ardabil, and allowed Sadr al-Din to collect taxes. Timur also offered Sadr al-Din to request any favour from himself, and Sheikh Sadr al-Din asked for the release of Turkish prisoners captured by Timur from Diyarbakır. Timur accepted this request, and the freed prisoners became Sadr al-Din’s loyal disciples. The descendants of these freed prisoners, emigrating by the thousands into Gilan Province, would later aid his family to found a dynasty.[2][3]

Sadr Al-Din Musa
Ardabil, modern day Iran
ReligionIslam, Sunni (Shafi'i)[1]
Senior posting
PredecessorSafi-ad-din Ardabili
SuccessorKhvajeh Ali Safavi

He was buried at Ardabil near his father.[4] His son Khwādja Ali († 1429) succeeded him as leader of the Safaviyya.

Sadr al-Dīn Mūsā
Preceded by
Sheikh Safī ad-Dīn Abolfath Is'hāq Ardabilī
Leader of the Safaviyya
Succeeded by
Sheikh Ali Safavi

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Shaykh Safi al-Din Ardabili, Oxford Reference
  2. ^ The history of Iran, By Elton L. Daniel, pg.83
  3. ^ A History of Persia, By Percy Molesworth Sykes, pg.240
  4. ^ Biographical encyclopaedia of Sufis, By N. Hanif, pg.415-417