Saddamiyat al-Mitla' District

Saddamiyat al-Mitla' (Arabic: قضاء صدامية المطلاع) was a district in Basrah Governorate during the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait 1990–1991. The formation of the district was announced on August 28, 1990.[1][2] The name sought to honour the Iraqi president Saddam Hussein.[2] Whilst the rest of Kuwait was annexed as the 19th governorate of Iraq, the strategic northern parts of Kuwait was annexed as the Saddamiyat al-Mitla' district as part of the Basrah Governorate.[1]

Saddamiyat al-Mitla' District
قضاء صدامية المطلاع (Arabic)
De facto district of Iraq
1990–1991
Saddamiyat al-Mitla' District Map (1990-1991).jpg
History
 • TypeMilitary occupation
Historical eraGulf War
• Republic of Kuwait annexed by Iraq
28 August 1990
• Liberation of Kuwait
26 February 1991
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of Kuwait
State of Kuwait

The district covered some 7,000 square kilometres (2700 sq. mi.).[3] It included Warbah Island, Bubiyan Island, the area around Abdali, Raudhatain oil field, Sabriya oil field, Ratqa oil field and the southern part of the Rumaila oil field.[4] Apart from its oil resources, the district held most of the underground water sources of Kuwait.[4] Iraqi media declared that a new city, also named Saddamiyat al-Mitla', would be built in the district.[5]

At the time there was speculation on whether the placing of the Saddamiyat al-Mitla' district in the Basrah Governorate rather than the Kuwait Governorate indicated that Iraq might have been ready to retreat from the rest of Kuwait but keep the northern areas.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Richard N. Schofield (1991). Kuwait and Iraq: Historical Claims and Territorial Disputes : a Report Compiled for the Middle East Programme of the Royal Institute of International Affairs. The Institute. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-905031-35-4.
  2. ^ a b Elaine Sciolino (30 May 1991). The outlaw state: Saddam Hussein's quest for power and the Gulf crisis. Wiley. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-471-54299-5.
  3. ^ Aqil Hyder Hasan Abidi; Kunwar Rajendra Singh; Jawaharlal Nehru University. School of International Studies (1991). The Gulf crisis. Lancers Books. p. 215. ISBN 978-81-7095-023-3.
  4. ^ a b John B. Allcock (1992). Border and territorial disputes. Longman Current Affairs. p. 390. ISBN 978-0-582-20931-2.
  5. ^ News Review on West Asia. Vol. 21. 1990. p. 383.
  6. ^ Glenn Frankel (31 August 1990). "Imperialist Legacy Lines in the Sand". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 September 2017.