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Sadarang (1670–1748) was the pen name of the Hindustani musical composer and artist Niyamat Khan.[1] Sadarang was active in the eighteenth century. He and his nephew Adarang changed the Khayal style of Hindustani music into the form performed today.Naimat Khan composed Khyal for his disciples and he never performed Khyal.[2] He served in the court of Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah (ruled 1719-1748).[3] Sadarang and Adarang remain influential in Hindustani classical music, mainly through their compositions.[4] Salar Jung Nawwab Dargah Quli Khan, a young noble deccani who lived in Delhi between 1737 and 1741, had the opportunity to hear Na’mat Khan play the bin. He wrote in Risala Salar Jung later translated as Muraqqa -i Dehli:[5] "When he begins to play the bin, when the notes of the bin throw a spell on the world, the party enters a strange state: people begin to flutter like fish out of water (...). Na’mat Khan is acquainted with all aspects of music. Na’mat Khan is considered unequalled and is the pride of the people of Delhi.[6] Niyamat khan was the descendant of Naubat Khan.[7] Another Famous descendant of Sadarang was Wazir Khan of Rampur.

Sadarang,Descendant of Naubat Khan.jpg
Sadarang,Descendant of Naubat Khan
Background information
Birth nameNiyamat Khan
GenresHindustani classical music
Occupation(s)Hindustani classical music composer

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Musical Nirvana article on Adarang and Sadarang at the Wayback Machine (archived December 29, 2007)
  2. ^ Misra, Susheela (1 January 1991). Musical Heritage of Lucknow. Harman Publishing House.
  3. ^ "WebCite query result". Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2016.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  4. ^ Wade, Bonnie C. (1 January 1984). Khyal: Creativity Within North India's Classical Music Tradition. CUP Archive. ISBN 9780521256599.
  5. ^ Hadi, Nabi (1 January 1995). Dictionary of Indo-Persian Literature. Abhinav Publications. ISBN 9788170173113.
  6. ^ Miner, Allyn (1 April 2004). Sitar and Sarod in the 18th and 19th Centuries. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 9788120814936.
  7. ^ Sanyal, Ritwik; Widdess, Richard (1 January 2004). Dhrupad: Tradition and Performance in Indian Music. Ashgate. ISBN 9780754603795.