Sacrum bone of Tequixquiac

The Sacrum bone of Tequixquiac is an ancient paleo-Indian sculpture carved in a pleistocene-era bone of a prehistoric camel. It was discovered by Mexican geologist and botanist Mariano de la Bárcena in 1870 in Tequixquiac, Mexico.[1][2] The carving, dated around 14,000 to 7,000 B.C.E., is considered among the earliest pieces of art from the American continent.[3][2] Although the original purpose of the sculpture is unknown, some scholars have said that the carving held some religious value due to the sacredness of the sacrum bone in later Mesoamerican cultures.[4]

The sacrum bone of Tequixquiac.


Mural inside the Municipality House.

This sacrum bone was found in Tequixquiac. The carver was likely nomadic and hunted large animals such as mammoths and gathered fruits as evidenced by archaeological evidence found at the site. According to Bárcena, the carver likely used a sharp instrument to cut the holes.[2]

The artifact was owned privately 1895 to 1956, and is currently located in the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City.[5]


  1. ^ "Mesoweb Features". Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  2. ^ a b c Harris, Beth; Zucker, Steven. "Camelid sacrum in the shape of a canine". Khan Academy. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  3. ^ de Anda, Luis Aveleyra Arroyo. "The Pleistocene Carved Bone from Tequixquiac, Mexico: A Reappraisal." American Antiquity (1965): 261-277.
  4. ^ Stross, Brian. "The Mesoamerican Sacrum Bone: Doorway to the Otherworld" (PDF). Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  5. ^ "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico Estado de Mexico Tequixquiac" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on May 27, 2007. Retrieved 2008-11-27.

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