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Saccharum ravennae, with the common names ravennagrass[2] and elephant grass, and known locally as ekra or ikora (ইকঁৰা) in Assamese, is a species of grass in the sugarcane genus Saccharum. It is native to southern Europe, western Asia and South Asia and is known in North America as an introduced species, where it is sometimes an invasive and troublesome noxious weed.

Saccharum ravennae
Saccharum ravennae - J. C. Raulston Arboretum - DSC06214.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Saccharum
Species: S. ravennae
Binomial name
Saccharum ravennae

Erianthus ravennae, Erianthus elephantinus[1]



Ravennagrass is a large, aggressive grass that has been sold in nurseries for use as an ornamental grass in gardens, and for stabilizing soil to prevent erosion.

Invasive speciesEdit

Saccharum ravennae is now established as an invasive species in several parts of North America, including California[3] and Glen Canyon National Recreation Area.[4] It grows in moist and wet habitat types, such as marshes and riverbanks.

This perennial grass grows in large, dense clumps from a network of rhizomes. It produces erect stems which can reach 13 ft (4m) in height. The serrated leaves are up to a meter long. The inflorescence is a plume-like panicle of spikelets covered in white or pale-colored silky hairs.


External linksEdit