Sacalum Municipality

Sacalum Municipality (In the Yucatec Maya Language: “white earth") is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (205.66 km2) of land and is located roughly 75 km south of the city of Mérida.[2]

Sacalum
Municipality
Region 7 Sur #062
Region 7 Sur #062
Sacalum is located in Mexico
Sacalum
Sacalum
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°29′42″N 89°35′23″W / 20.49500°N 89.58972°W / 20.49500; -89.58972Coordinates: 20°29′42″N 89°35′23″W / 20.49500°N 89.58972°W / 20.49500; -89.58972
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg Mexico
StateFlag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Mexico Ind.1821
Yucatán Est.1824
Government
 • TypePAN logo (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[1]
 • Municipal PresidentAna Maria Balam Medina[2]
Area
 • Total205.66 km2 (79.41 sq mi)
 [2]
Elevation
22 m (72 ft)
Population
 (2010[3])
 • Total4,589
 • Density22/km2 (58/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Umanense
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)
INEGI Code062
Major AirportMerida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA CodeMID
ICAO CodeMMMD
Municipalities of Yucatán

HistoryEdit

There is no accurate data on when the town was founded, but during the conquest, a Franciscan order settled here. At colonization, Sacalum became part of the encomienda system [2] with a series of encomendaros: Pedro Alvarez 1549, Francisco Pacheco 1579, Francisco de Solís 1607, Ignacio de Solís Osorio 1688, Lucas de Villamil y Vargas 1694.[4]

Yucatán declared its independence from the Spanish Crown in 1821, and in 1825 the area was assigned to the low sierra partition of Mama Municipality.[2] In 1867 it was transferred to the Ticul Municipality and confirmed as its own municipality in 1988.[5]

GovernanceEdit

The municipal president is elected for a three-year term. The town council has four councilpersons, who serve as Secretary and councilors of public security and public lighting, image and ecology, potable water, cemeteries, and police commissaries.[6]

The Municipal Council administers the business of the municipality. It is responsible for budgeting and expenditures and producing all required reports for all branches of the municipal administration. Annually it determines educational standards for schools.[6]

The Police Commissioners ensure public order and safety. They are tasked with enforcing regulations, distributing materials and administering rulings of general compliance issued by the council.[6]

CommunitiesEdit

The head of the municipality is Sacalum, Yucatán. There are 9 populated areas of the municipality including: Chacá, Plan Chac, San Antonio Mulix, San Antonio Sodzil, San Esteban, San Raúl, Tepakán, Yohkat and Yunkú. The significant populations are shown below:[2]

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 4,589[3]
Plan Chac 267 in 2005[7]
Sacalum 3399 in 2005[8]
San Antonio Sodzil 384 in 2005[9]
Yunkú 161 in 2005[10]

Local festivalsEdit

Every year on 3 May the town celebrates a festival in honor of the Holy Cross.[2]

Tourist attractionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Mujeres pelean en Sacalum" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Diario de Yucatán. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Municipios de Yucatán »Sacalum" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Mexico In Figures:Sacalum, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  4. ^ García Bernal, Manuela Cristina (1978). Población y encomienda en Yucatán bajo los Austrias (in Spanish). Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos. p. 503. ISBN 978-8-400-04399-5. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Estado de Yucatán. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995" (PDF). inegi (in Spanish). Aguascalientes, Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. 1996. pp. 111, 123. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  6. ^ a b c "Sacalum". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Plan Chac". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Sacalum". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  9. ^ "San Antonio Sodzil". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  10. ^ "Yunkú" (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 3 August 2015.