Sabirabad District

  (Redirected from Sabirabad Rayon)

Sabirabad District (Azerbaijani: Sabirabad rayonu) is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the centre of the country and belongs to the Aran Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Saatly, Imishli, Kurdamir, Hajigabul, Salyan, Bilasuvar, and the city of Shirvan. Its capital and largest city is Sabirabad. As of 2020, the district had a population of 178,800.[2]

Sabirabad District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Sabirabad District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Sabirabad District
Country Azerbaijan
RegionAran
Established8 August 1930
CapitalSabirabad
Settlements[1]75
Area
 • Total1,470 km2 (570 sq mi)
Population
 • Total178,800
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
Postal code
5400
Websitesabirabad-ih.gov.az

HistoryEdit

The area of Sabirabad is rich with ancient monuments and settlements. As a result of the excavation in the district, ancient necropolis as well as settlements which belong to V-I, V-II, and I B.C were found in Surra, Javad, Abdulyan, Garatepe, Guruzma, Garagashil, Bulagli, Zangana and Galagayin. Materials that were found in the “Shahargah” place of the village show that the ancient findings belong to the 11th-12th centuries. Historically, some nations attacked Mughan lands known as “Khaver Zemin”, “Guneshli land”. However, all those pressures were overcome. Since that time, “Khaver Zamin” replaced with Galagayin. Currently, the Sabirabad district has Galagayin village.

The biggest village in the district is Javad which has been a historical city and the centre of the Javad Khanate. Javad became part of Quba Khanate in 1768. When Azerbaijan became a part of Russia, a number of Russians were settled in Javad. The district was named Petropavlovka in 1988.

Sabirabad district was organized on August 8, 1930. On October 7, 1931, Petropavlokva was renamed after the famous Azerbaijani satirical poet M.A.Sabir with the decree of the Azerbaijan Central Executive Committee. On May 25, 1943, Saatli District turned into an integral part of Sabirabad. The Saatli district was joined to Sabirabad on January 4, 1963, and it continued until January 14, 1965. The downtown was renamed a town-type settlement on November 7, 1952, and since December 4, 1959, the district has been called Sabirabad.[3]

GeographyEdit

The district is located in the south of Mugan plain.[4] Rayon borders upon Kurdamir Rayon in the north for a distance of 30 km, Shamakhi Rayon in the north-west for a distance of 5 km, Shirvan city in the south for a distance of 24 km, Salyan Rayon in the south-west for a distance of 48 km, Bilasuvar Rayon in the south for a distance of 18 km, Saatly Rayon in the east for a distance of 136 km and Imishli Rayon for a distance of 8 km. Its length from the north to the south is 66 km, and from the east to the west is 24 km. A part of the rayon's territory is on the right coast of the Kura River, in Shirvan plain.[5]

The low-lying area is dependent on canals and dams whose damage during 2010 caused waters from Lake Sarisu to flood several of the region's villages.[6][7]

PopulationEdit

According to the State Statistics Committee, as of 2018, the population of city recorded 174,800 persons, which increased by 36400 persons (about 26 percent) from 138,400 persons in 2000.[8] 87,800 of total population are men, 87000 are women.[9] More than 13 percent of the population (about 46,6 persons) consists of young people and teenagers aged 14–29.[10]

Population of district by the year (at the beginning of the year, thsd. persons) [8]
Region 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Sabirabad region 138,4 139,8 140,6 141,4 142,3 143,9 145,7 147,9 149,7 151,2 153,1 155,4 158,9 161,9 164,6 167,5 170,3 172,7 174,8
urban population 27,4 27,5 27,5 27,6 27,7 27,9 28,0 28,1 28,2 28,2 28,4 28,6 29,0 29,2 29,4 29,8 30,2 30,5 30,6
rural population 111,0 112,3 113,1 113,8 114,6 116,0 117,7 119,8 121,5 123,0 124,7 126,8 129,9 132,7 135,2 137,7 140,1 142,2 144,2

Population distribution by ethnicity according to 2009 census:[11]

Ethnic groups Quantity
Azerbaijani 148571
Turkish 81
Lezgin 3
Talysh 2
Ukrainian 2
Kurds 2
Georgian 1

TransportEdit

 
Sabirabad Road

There are 3rd and 4th category railways in the district. The roads lengthen 522 km. The country indicator is 7.9 percent. The republican significance motorway lengthens 243 km. The country indicator is 8.6%. The highway lengthens 279 km. The country indicator is 7.8 percent. Rail transport is also widely used in the region.

Historical monumentsEdit

One of the oldest monuments on Sabirabad is Bad Samid's tomb, which was built in the 16th century. Another old monument is Mosque Galayagin which belongs to the 17th century, the Shemakha Mosque which was built in 1903.[12]

Notable nativesEdit

EconomyEdit

2018 wheat production:

  • Wheat - 15215 hectares
  •  Barley - 9430 hectares
  •  Grain - 24645 hectares

In 2018, the economic growth was equal to 39,221 thousand manats. The main sector in this region is primary. GDP of this region is 437244 manat. Production of production is equal to 18169,4 tones.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "İnzibati-ərazi vahidləri" (PDF). preslib.az. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Population of Azerbaijan". stat.gov.az. State Statistics Committee. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Tarixi - SABİRABAD RAYON Icra Hakimiyyəti". www.sabirabad-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  4. ^ "Sabirabad Rayon". discoverazerbaijan.az. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11.
  5. ^ "Sabirabad Rayon". azerbaijan.az. Archived from the original on 2018-10-18. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
  6. ^ Flooding in Sabirabad
  7. ^ Sarisu waters burst through dam Archived 2012-03-11 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ a b "Political division, population size and structure: Population by towns and regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  9. ^ "Political division, population size and structure: Population by sex, towns and regions, urban settlements of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of the 2018". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  10. ^ "Political division, population size and structure: Population at age 14-29 by towns and regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of the 2018". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  11. ^ "Ethnic composition of Azerbaijan 2009". pop-stat.mashke.org. Retrieved 2019-05-10.
  12. ^ "AZƏRBAYCAN QEYRİ-MADDİ MƏDƏNİ İRS NÜMUNƏLƏRİNİN DÖVLƏT REYESTRİ". intangible.az. Archived from the original on 2019-03-06. Retrieved 2019-05-10.
  13. ^ "İqtisadiyyat - SABİRABAD RAYON Icra Hakimiyyəti". www.sabirabad-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2019-05-10.

Coordinates: 40°0′N 48°36′E / 40.000°N 48.600°E / 40.000; 48.600