Saar at the 1952 Summer Olympics
The National Olympic Committee (NOC) of the Saarland was founded in the spring of 1950 in the Saar Protectorate, which existed from 1947 to 1956 (German state of Saarland since), a region of Western Germany that was occupied in 1945 by France. As a separate team, Saar took part in its sole Olympic Games at the 1952 Summer Olympics before being allowed to rejoin the German team in 1956. Thirty-six competitors, 31 men and five women, took part in 32 events in nine sports.
|Saar at the|
1952 Summer Olympics
|NOC||National Olympic Committee of the Saarland|
|Competitors||36 in 9 sports|
|Other related appearances|
| Germany (1896–1936, 1952, 1992–)|
United Team of Germany (1956–1964)
West Germany (1968-1988)
Just as after World War I, Saarland had initially been disallowed from uniting with the Weimar Republic and remained under military occupation for several years after the end of the war. After World War II, the Saarland was not allowed to become part of the Federal Republic of Germany after its founding in May 1949. The annexation of Saar by France, however, was prohibited by the other Allies and Points 2 and 3 of the Atlantic Charter.
As the local population did not want to join France, separate international organizations were founded, including the Saarland football team, and in 1950 a NOC, in German called Nationales Olympisches Komitee des Saarlandes.
Saar was first eligible to send athletes to the 1952 Winter Olympics, but did not do so due to a lack of competitive athletes in winter sports. Having a recorded history of over 500 years of coal mining, the Saarland did donate a miner's safety lamp in which the flame of the torch relay of the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki could be carried safely aboard airplanes.
At the opening ceremony of the 1952 Summer Olympics, 41 athletes from the Saarland marched. The team was listed in the official report with a total of 44 men and 6 women athletes  and with 71 competitors, 16 officials, 11 spectators for a total of 98. The team won no medals and was ranked a joint 44th among a total of 69 teams.
Following a referendum in October 1955 that overwhelmingly rejected the Saar statute proposing Saar independence as a "European territory", the people of Saar indirectly resulted in favor of accession to the Federal Republic of Germany. The subsequent Saar Treaty of October 1956 allowed the Saarland to rejoin Germany effective as of 1 January 1957.
No separate Saarland teams were sent to the 1956 Olympic Games, as a United Team of Germany comprising athletes of all three German states took part for the first and only time. The Olympic Committee of the Saarland  formally dissolved in February 1957 as its members, like other separate institutions of the Saarland, became part of their German counterparts.
Therese Zenz (born 15 October 1932 in Merzig), a local champion, finished 9th in the canoe race at the 1952 Olympics, held on the open Baltic Sea, a new experience for the 19-year-old athlete from a landlocked country. She became world champion in 1954 in the K-1 500 m event. Competing for Germany in 1956, Zenz won a silver medal and won an additional two silvers in 1960. Zenz went on to coach gold medalists Roswitha Esser and Annemarie Zimmermann at the 1964 Olympics.
Medals by GamesEdit
- Field events
|Toni Breder||Long jump||6.88||19||Did not advance|
|Willi Burgard||Triple jump||13.86||29||Did not advance|
- Track & road events
|Hilde Antes||80 m hurdles||12.0||4||Did not advance|
|4 × 100 m relay||49.0||5||Did not advance|
- Field events
|Ursel Finger||Long jump||5.27||25||Did not advance|
|Athlete||Event||1 Round||2 Round||Quarterfinals||Semifinals||Final|
|Helmut Hofmann||Flyweight|| Han Soo-An (KOR)
L TKO 1R
|Did not advance|
|Kurt Schirra||Featherweight|| Luis Aranguren (VEN)
| János Erdei (HUN)
|Did not advance|
|Willi Rammo||Light Middleweight|| Josef Hamberger (AUT)
|Did not advance|
|K-2 1000 m||4:01.4||4||Did not advance|
|K-2 10000 m||N/A||48:05.6||12|
|Therese Zenz||K-1 500 m||2:26.9||3 Q||2:27.9||9|
Five fencers, all men, represented Saar in 1952.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (October 2017)
|Günther Schütt||Single sculls||7:58.4||3 R||7:38.4||1 Q||BYE||7:42.9||2||Did not advance|
|Coxless pair||8:09.5||3 R||DNF||Did not advance|
|Coxless four||6:40.8||1 Q||BYE||7:10.4||3 R||6:47.2||2||Did not advance|
Two shooters represented Saar in 1952.
|Hans Eschenbrenner||50 m rifle, prone||384||52|
|Ludwig Gräf||50 m rifle, three positions||1089||38|
|50 m rifle, prone||391||40|
|Georg Mascetti||400 metre freestroke||5:31.2||7||Did not advance|
- Men's Greco-Roman
|Athlete||Event||Elimination pool||Final round|
|Werner Zimmer||−52 kg|| Heini Weber (GER)
L F 3:29
| Leo Honkala (FIN)
L F 6:41
|Did not advance||14|
|Norbert Kohler||−57 kg|| Oswaldo Johnston (GUA)
W F 7:05
| Ferdinand Schmitz (GER)
L F 2:55
| Hubert Persson (SWE)
|Did not advance||10|
|Erich Schmidt||−67 kg|| Kamal Hussain (EGY)
| Georgios Petmezas (GRE)
| Jan Cools (BEL)
|Did not advance||10|
- 14–17 May 1950: The Olympic Committee of the Federal Republic of West Germany is provisionally accepted at the 45th IOC Session in Copenhagen after a supporting letter from the High Commissioner in the FRG, Sir Hugh Robertson, is read out by Lord David Burghley. A decision as to the participation of the Germans at the 1952 Games is to be made later. At this session the foundation of the NOC for the Saarland is recognized founded in spring 1950. - Journal of Olympic History, FOUNDATION DATES OF THE GERMAN OLYMPIC COMMITTEE, by a Working Group of the Karl Diem Archive, Köln, Walter Borgers, Karl Lennartz, Dietrich R. Quanz, Walter Teutenberg 
- "Saar at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-17. Retrieved 2010-09-26.
- 1950–1957 Nationales Olympisches Komitee des Saarlandes, in Nationales Olympisches Komitee (NOK) für Deutschland - Geschichte, Struktur, Aufgaben und Arbeitsweise uni-leipzig.de Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Official Report, p. 103
- The Flame travelled by air in a miner's lamp presented for the purpose by the National Olympic Committee of the Saar, photo aboard airplane, Official report p. 208
- Olympische Spiele 1896-1996, Ein deutsches Politikum. Agenda Verlag Münster, 1996.
- Official Report, p. 221
- Official Report, p. 236, photos of teams presenting signs in Finnish language: RUOTSI (Sweden), SAAR (Saarland), SAKSA (Germany), SINGAPORE
- Official Report, p. 98
- Official Report, p. 192
- 1950 February 1957: Formal disbanding of the Olympic Committee of the Saarland., in Nationales Olympisches Komitee (NOK) für Deutschland - Geschichte, Struktur, Aufgaben und Arbeitsweise uni-leipzig.de Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Volker Bernardi u.a.: Olympische Geschichte des Saarlandes.Gollenstein Verlag, Blieskastel 2004, ISBN 3-935731-54-X.
- An All-German Team starts at the Games of the XVIth Olympiad in 1956 in Melbourne... Therese Zenz, from the Saarland, is part of the German team and wins a silver medal in kayak singles - Journal of Olympic History, FOUNDATION DATES OF THE GERMAN OLYMPIC COMMITTEE 
- Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Saar Rowing at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2018.