Mohamed Saad Tawfik El-Katatni (Arabic: محمد سعد توفيق الكتاتني, alternatively spelled El-Katatny or Al-Katatni; born 4 March 1952) is an Egyptian Islamist politician who has been the chairman of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) since October 2012. From January 2012 until its dissolution in September he was the first Speaker of the People's Assembly after the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. Prior to this, he served as the first secretary-general of the FJP and was a member of the Guidance Bureau of the Muslim Brotherhood.
|Chairman of the Freedom and Justice Party|
|Assumed office |
19 October 2012
|Preceded by||Mohamed Morsi|
|Speaker of the People's Assembly|
23 January 2012 – 22 September 2012
|Appointed by||People's Assembly|
|President||Mohamed Hussein Tantawi ( as Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces of Egypt) |
|Prime Minister||Kamal Ganzouri |
|Preceded by||Ahmad Fathi Sorour (2011)|
|Succeeded by||Ali Abdel Aal (2016)|
|Secretary-General of the Freedom and Justice Party|
30 April 2011 – 22 January 2012
|Preceded by||Position established|
Mohamed Saad Tawfik El-Katatni
4 March 1952
|Political party||Freedom and Justice Party|
|Alma mater||Minya University|
Early life and educationEdit
El-Katatni was born on 4 March 1952. He completed his undergraduate studies of botany at the Assiut University with a BSc degree in 1974. After one year of military conscription, he continued his studies, specialising in microbiology and taking his master's degree in 1979. After four more years of study at the Minya University, concurrently with the work as an assistant lecturer, he was conferred a doctorate in microbiology (physiological plant pathology). Subsequently, he worked as a lecturer at the same university. In 1991 he was promoted to become associate professor. In 2004, he got a full professorship.
From 2005 to 2010, El-Katatni led the parliamentary bloc of the Muslim Brotherhood. Later, he served on the guidance bureau of the group. When the Muslim Brotherhood founded the Freedom and Justice Party on 30 April 2011, El-Katatni was chosen as the secretary-general of the party. Therefore, he retired from the guidance bureau.
On 19 October 2012, the FJP selected him to serve as the party's chairman. At the time, the FJP is Egypt's largest political party and controls 47% of Egypt's lower house of parliament's seats.
After he was selected as the FJP's party's chairman, Katatni expressed his desire to implement Islamic Sharia law in Egypt, saying that the FJP was established by the Muslim Brotherhood in order to represent the Brotherhood's "political project, which, in the end, will be a wise government that will institute Islamic Shari’a law." Katani declared his election as the first step toward achieving the FJP's goals.
Dr. El-Katatni was known for his charitable behavior. He was the co-founder of Omar Ibn-Alkhattab hospital which offered free or low-price medical services for the poor and needy. He was financially committed to help many needy families that were unable to support themselves, as well as supporting orphans. Also, he was known among his academic peers for his decency and good manners.
In the aftermath of the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état, El-Katatni was arrested on 4 July 2013. Egyptian prosecutor general Hisham Barakat ordered his assets to be frozen on 14 July 2013. On 29 October 2013, a three-judge panel at Cairo Criminal Court stepped down from the proceedings, citing "uneasiness" over the trial. On 11 December 2013, a second panel of judges withdrew from the trial. He was sentenced to life imprisonment in February 2015, a decision that was overturned in November 2016. As of September 2019, El-Katatni remains in custody pending retrial.
- "Egypt's El-Katatni becomes new head of Muslim Brotherhood's FJP". Ahram Online. 19 October 2012. Retrieved 19 October 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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- 11 May 2011 Archived 18 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Egypt assembly picks Islamist speaker Reuters
- Curriculum Vitae, Minya University, Retrieved 15 February 2012
- "Saad al-Katatni", Guide to Egypt's Transition, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, archived from the original on 30 January 2012, retrieved 15 February 2012 CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Souaiaia, Ahmed. "Egypt and the Islamists". Foreign Policy in Focus. Foreign Policy in Focus. Retrieved 6 February 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "New FJP leader in Egypt calls for Sharia law". The Jerusalem Post. 20 October 2012. Retrieved 21 October 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Egypt arrests leading Brotherhood members, including El-Katatni - Politics - Egypt - Ahram Online". english.ahram.org.eg. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- "Asset freeze for Islamist leaders goes into action". Egypt Independent. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Judges in Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood trial quit". Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Second judging panel withdraws from Brotherhood trial Ahram Online. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- "Egypt Brotherhood chief handed fourth life sentence". Retrieved 25 February 2020.
- "المؤبد لـ بديع والبلتاجي والكتاتني في اقتحام الحدود.. تعرف على حكم المحكمة..فيديو". Retrieved 25 February 2020.
Title last held byAhmad Fathi Sorour
| Speaker of the People's Assembly
Title next held byAli Abdel Aal
as Speaker of the House of Representatives