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STS-44 was a Space Shuttle mission using Atlantis that launched on 24 November 1991. It was a U.S. Department of Defense space mission.

STS-44
STS-44 DSP deployment.jpg
Atlantis deploys a DSP satellite
Mission typeSatellite deployment
OperatorNASA
COSPAR ID1991-080A
SATCAT no.21795
Mission duration6 days, 22 hours, 50 minutes, 44 seconds
Distance travelled4,651,112 kilometers (2,890,067 mi)
Orbits completed110
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSpace Shuttle Atlantis
Launch mass117,766 kilograms (259,630 lb)
Landing mass87,919 kilograms (193,828 lb)
Payload mass20,240 kilograms (44,620 lb)
Crew
Crew size6
MembersFrederick D. Gregory
Terence T. Henricks
James S. Voss
F. Story Musgrave
Mario Runco, Jr.
Thomas J. Hennen
Start of mission
Launch date24 November 1991, 23:44:00 (1991-11-24UTC23:44Z) UTC
Launch siteKennedy LC-39A
End of mission
Landing date1 December 1991, 22:34:12 (1991-12-01UTC22:34:13Z) UTC
Landing siteEdwards Runway 5
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude363 kilometers (226 mi)
Apogee altitude371 kilometers (231 mi)
Inclination28.5 degrees
Period91.9 minutes
Sts-44-patch.png STS-44 crew.jpg
Left to right - Seated: Hendricks, Gregory, Musgrave; Standing: Voss, Hennen, Runco
← STS-48
STS-42 →
 

Contents

CrewEdit

Position Astronaut
Commander Frederick D. Gregory
Third and last spaceflight
Pilot Terence T. Henricks
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 James S. Voss
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 F. Story Musgrave
Fourth spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 Mario Runco, Jr.
First spaceflight
Payload Specialist 1 Thomas J. Hennen
Only spaceflight

Backup crewEdit

Position Astronaut
Payload Specialist 1 Michael E. Belt
First spaceflight

Crew seating arrangementsEdit

Seat[1] Launch Landing  
Seats 1–4 are on the Flight Deck. Seats 5–7 are on the Middeck.
S1 Gregory Gregory
S2 Henricks Henricks
S3 Voss Runco
S4 Musgrave Musgrave
S5 Runco Voss
S6 Hennen Hennen

Mission highlightsEdit

The launch was on 24 November 1991 at 6:44:00 pm EST. A launch set for 19 November was delayed due to replacement and testing of a malfunctioning redundant inertial measurement unit on the Inertial Upper Stage booster attached to the Defense Support Program satellite. The launch was reset for 24 November and was delayed by 13 minutes to allow an orbiting spacecraft to pass and to allow external tank liquid oxygen replenishment after minor repairs to a valve in the liquid oxygen replenishment system in the mobile launcher platform. Launch weight was 117,766 kilograms (259,630 lb).

The mission was dedicated to the Department of Defense. The unclassified payload included a Defense Support Program (DSP) satellite and attached Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), deployed on flight day one. Cargo bay and middeck payloads included the Interim Operational Contamination Monitor (IOCM), Terra Scout, Military Man in Space (M88-1), Air Force Maui Optical System (AMOS), Cosmic Radiation Effects and Activation Monitor (CREAM), Shuttle Activation Monitor (SAM), Radiation Monitoring Equipment III (RME III), Visual Function Tester-1 (VFT-1), Ultraviolet Plume Instrument (UVPI), Bioreactor Flow, Particle Trajectory experiment, and Extended Duration Orbiter Medical Project, a series of investigations in support of Extended Duration Orbiter.

The landing was on 1 December 1991 at 2:34:44 pm PST, Runway 5, Edwards Air Force Base, California. The rollout distance was 11,191 feet (3,411 m), and the rollout time was 107 seconds. The landing weight was 193,825 pounds (87,918 kg). The landing was originally scheduled for Kennedy Space Center on 4 December, but the ten-day mission was shortened and the landing rescheduled following the 30 November on-orbit failure of one of three orbiter inertial measurement units. The lengthy rollout was due to minimal braking for test. Atlantis returned to Kennedy on 8 December. This was also the final shuttle landing on a dry lake bed runway.

Wake-up callsEdit

NASA began its longstanding tradition of waking up astronauts with music during Apollo 15. Each track is specially chosen, often by the astronauts' families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.

Day Song Artist Played/For
Day 2 Recorded message from Patrick Stewart Mario Runco
Day 3 This is the Army, Mr Jones Irving Berlin
Day 4 It's Time to Love (Put a little love in your heart) James Brown
Day 5 Cheesburger in Paradise Jimmy Buffett
Day 6 Twist and Shout from Ferris Bueller's Day Off
Day 7 University of Alabama and Auburn University fight songs Jim Voss and Jan Davis
Day 8 In the Mood

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "STS-44". Spacefacts. Retrieved 26 February 2014.

External linksEdit