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The launch of STS-100
|Mission type||ISS assembly/logistics|
|Mission duration||11 days, 21 hours, 31 minutes, 14 seconds|
|Spacecraft||Space Shuttle Endeavour|
|Launch mass||103,506 kilograms (228,192 lb)|
|Landing mass||99,742 kilograms (219,893 lb)|
|Payload mass||4,899 kilograms (10,800 lb)|
|Members||Kent V. Rominger|
Jeffrey S. Ashby
Chris A. Hadfield
John L. Phillips
Scott E. Parazynski
|EVA duration||14 hours, 50 minutes|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||19 April 2001, 18:40:42UTC|
|Launch site||Kennedy LC-39A|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||1 May 2001, 16:11:56UTC|
|Landing site||Edwards Runway 22|
|Perigee altitude||331 kilometres (206 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||375 kilometres (233 mi)|
|Epoch||21 April 2001|
|Docking with ISS|
|Docking date||21 April 2001, 13:59 UTC|
|Undocking date||29 April 2001, 17:34 UTC|
|Time docked||8 days, 3 hours, 35 minutes|
Left to right: Front row - Lonchakov, Rominger (commander), Guidoni, Ashby (pilot), Phillips; Back row - Parazynski, Hadfield
|Commander|| Kent V. Rominger|
Fifth and last spaceflight
|Pilot|| Jeffrey S. Ashby|
|Mission Specialist 1|| Chris Hadfield, CSA|
|Mission Specialist 2|| John L. Phillips|
|Mission Specialist 3|| Scott E. Parazynski|
|Mission Specialist 4|| Umberto Guidoni, ESA|
Second and last spaceflight
|Mission Specialist 5|| Yury Lonchakov, RKA|
The highest priority objectives of the flight were the installation, activation and checkout of the Canadarm2 robotic arm on the station. The arm - manufactured by MDA Space Missions under contract of the Canadian Space Agency and NASA, went into operation on April 28, 2001. It was critical to the capability to continue assembly of the International Space Station. The arm was also necessary to attach a new airlock to the station on the subsequent shuttle flight, mission STS-104. The final component of the Canadarm is the Mobile Base System (MBS), which was installed on board the station during the STS-111 flight.
Other major objectives for Endeavour’s mission were to berth the Raffaello logistics module to the station, activate it, transfer cargo between Raffaello and the station, and reberth Raffaello in the shuttle's payload bay. Raffaello is the second of three Italian Space Agency-developed Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, manufactured out of stainless steel at the Cannes Mandelieu Space Center; that were launched to the station. The Leonardo module was launched and returned on the previous shuttle flight, STS-102, in March.
Remaining objectives included the transfer of other equipment to the station such as an Ultra-High Frequency communications antenna and a spare electronics component to be attached to the exterior during space walks. Finally, the transfer of supplies and water for use aboard the station, the transfer of experiments and experiment racks to the complex, and the transfer of items for return to Earth from the station to the shuttle were among the objectives.
Endeavour also boosted the station's altitude and performed a flyaround survey of the complex, including recording views of the station with an IMAX cargo bay camera.
All objectives were completed without incident, and reentry and landing happened uneventfully on 1 May 2001.
|EVA 1||Scott Parazynski
|22 April 2001
|22 April 2001
|7 hours 10 minutes|
|Parazynski and Hadfield deployed a UHF antenna on the Destiny lab. After that, the pair began installing the Canadarm2. Parazynski and Hadfield encountered a problem ensuring the proper torque was applied to the bolt. The pair switched the Pistol Grip Tool (PGT) to manual mode and attempted again successfully.
Hadfield experienced severe eye irritation during the spacewalk due to the anti-fog solution used to polish his spacesuit visor, temporarily blinding him and forcing him to vent oxygen into space. Other astronauts experienced a similar problem on subsequent spacewalks.
|24 April 2001
|24 April 2001
|7 hours 40 minutes|
|Connected Power and Data Grapple Fixture (PDGF) circuits for the new arm on Destiny. Removed an early communications antenna and transferred a spare Direct Current Switching Unit (DCSU) from the shuttle's payload bay to an equipment storage rack on the outside of Destiny.|
NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. Each track is specially chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.
- Wade, Mark. "STS-100". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- Hadfield, Chris (2013). An Astronaut's Guide to Life on Earth: What Going to Space Taught Me About Ingenuity, Determination, and Being Prepared for Anything. New York City: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 86–96. ISBN 978-0-316-25301-7. LCCN 2013943519.
- Fries, Colin (25 June 2007). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 13 August 2007.
- NASA (11 May 2009). "STS-100 Wakeup Calls". NASA. Retrieved 31 July 2009.