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STS-100 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour. STS-100 installed the ISS Canadarm2 robotic arm.

STS-100
Lanzamiento sts-100.jpg
The launch of STS-100
Mission typeISS assembly/logistics
OperatorNASA
COSPAR ID2001-016A
SATCAT no.26747
Mission duration11 days, 21 hours, 31 minutes, 14 seconds
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSpace Shuttle Endeavour
Launch mass103,506 kilograms (228,192 lb)
Landing mass99,742 kilograms (219,893 lb)
Payload mass4,899 kilograms (10,800 lb)
Crew
Crew size7
MembersKent V. Rominger
Jeffrey S. Ashby
Chris A. Hadfield
John L. Phillips
Scott E. Parazynski
Umberto Guidoni
Yury Lonchakov
EVAs2
EVA duration14 hours, 50 minutes
Start of mission
Launch date19 April 2001, 18:40:42 (2001-04-19UTC18:40:42Z) UTC
Launch siteKennedy LC-39A
End of mission
Landing date1 May 2001, 16:11:56 (2001-05-01UTC16:11:57Z) UTC
Landing siteEdwards Runway 22[1]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude331 kilometres (206 mi)[2]
Apogee altitude375 kilometres (233 mi)[2]
Inclination51.5 deg[2]
Period91.59 minutes[2]
Epoch21 April 2001
Docking with ISS
Docking portPMA-2
(Destiny forward)
Docking date21 April 2001, 13:59 UTC
Undocking date29 April 2001, 17:34 UTC
Time docked8 days, 3 hours, 35 minutes
STS-100 patch.svg STS-100 crew.jpg
Left to right: Front row - Lonchakov, Rominger (commander), Guidoni, Ashby (pilot), Phillips; Back row - Parazynski, Hadfield
← STS-102
STS-104 →
 

CrewEdit

Position Astronaut
Commander   Kent V. Rominger
Fifth and last spaceflight
Pilot   Jeffrey S. Ashby
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1   Chris Hadfield, CSA
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2   John L. Phillips
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3   Scott E. Parazynski
Fourth spaceflight
Mission Specialist 4   Umberto Guidoni, ESA
Second and last spaceflight
Mission Specialist 5   Yury Lonchakov, RKA
First spaceflight

Mission highlightsEdit

The highest priority objectives of the flight were the installation, activation and checkout of the Canadarm2 robotic arm on the station. The arm - manufactured by MDA Space Missions under contract of the Canadian Space Agency and NASA, went into operation on April 28, 2001. It was critical to the capability to continue assembly of the International Space Station.[3] The arm was also necessary to attach a new airlock to the station on the subsequent shuttle flight, mission STS-104. The final component of the Canadarm is the Mobile Base System (MBS), which was installed on board the station during the STS-111 flight.

Other major objectives for Endeavour’s mission were to berth the Raffaello logistics module to the station, activate it, transfer cargo between Raffaello and the station, and reberth Raffaello in the shuttle's payload bay. Raffaello is the second of three Italian Space Agency-developed Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, manufactured out of stainless steel at the Cannes Mandelieu Space Center; that were launched to the station. The Leonardo module was launched and returned on the previous shuttle flight, STS-102, in March.

Remaining objectives included the transfer of other equipment to the station such as an Ultra-High Frequency communications antenna and a spare electronics component to be attached to the exterior during space walks. Finally, the transfer of supplies and water for use aboard the station, the transfer of experiments and experiment racks to the complex, and the transfer of items for return to Earth from the station to the shuttle were among the objectives.

Endeavour also boosted the station's altitude and performed a flyaround survey of the complex, including recording views of the station with an IMAX cargo bay camera.

All objectives were completed without incident, and reentry and landing happened uneventfully on 1 May 2001.

During this mission, astronaut Chris Hadfield made the first spacewalk by a Canadian.[4]

SpacewalksEdit

EVA Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End Duration
EVA 1 Scott Parazynski
Chris Hadfield
22 April 2001
11:45
22 April 2001
18:55
7 hours 10 minutes
Parazynski and Hadfield deployed a UHF antenna on the Destiny lab. After that, the pair began installing the Canadarm2. Parazynski and Hadfield encountered a problem ensuring the proper torque was applied to the bolt. The pair switched the Pistol Grip Tool (PGT) to manual mode and attempted again successfully.

Hadfield experienced severe eye irritation during the spacewalk due to the anti-fog solution used to polish his spacesuit visor, temporarily blinding him and forcing him to vent oxygen into space. Other astronauts experienced a similar problem on subsequent spacewalks.[4]

EVA 2 Parazynski
Hadfield
24 April 2001
12:34
24 April 2001
20:14
7 hours 40 minutes
Connected Power and Data Grapple Fixture (PDGF) circuits for the new arm on Destiny. Removed an early communications antenna and transferred a spare Direct Current Switching Unit (DCSU) from the shuttle's payload bay to an equipment storage rack on the outside of Destiny.

Wake-up callsEdit

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15.[5] Each track is specially chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[5][6]

Flight Day Song Artist/Composer Links
Day 2 "Then the Morning Comes" Smash Mouth wav[permanent dead link] mp3[permanent dead link]
Transcript[permanent dead link]
Day 3 "Danger Zone" Kenny Loggins from the soundtrack to Top Gun wav[permanent dead link] mp3[permanent dead link]
Transcript[permanent dead link]
Day 4 "Take It From Day to Day" Stan Rogers wav[permanent dead link] mp3[permanent dead link]
Transcript[permanent dead link]
Day 5 "Both Sides Now" Judy Collins wav[permanent dead link] mp3[permanent dead link]
Transcript[permanent dead link]
Day 6 "What a Wonderful World" Louis Armstrong wav[permanent dead link] mp3[permanent dead link]
Transcript[permanent dead link]
Day 7 "Con te Partirò" Andrea Bocelli wav[permanent dead link] mp3[permanent dead link]
Transcript[permanent dead link]
Day 8 "Behind the Fog" Russian Folk Singer wav[permanent dead link] mp3[permanent dead link]
Transcript[permanent dead link]
Day 9 "Buckaroo" Don Cain wav[permanent dead link] mp3[permanent dead link]
Transcript[permanent dead link]
Day 10 "Dangerous" The Arrogant Worms wav[permanent dead link] mp3[permanent dead link]
Transcript[permanent dead link]
Day 11 "Miles From Nowhere" Cat Stevens wav[permanent dead link] mp3[permanent dead link]
Transcript[permanent dead link]
Day 13 "True" Spandau Ballet wav[permanent dead link] mp3[permanent dead link]
Transcript[permanent dead link]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ Wade, Mark. "STS-100". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  3. ^ http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/spacenews/reports/sts100/STS-100-20.html
  4. ^ a b Hadfield, Chris (2013). An Astronaut's Guide to Life on Earth: What Going to Space Taught Me About Ingenuity, Determination, and Being Prepared for Anything. New York City: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 86–96. ISBN 978-0-316-25301-7. LCCN 2013943519.
  5. ^ a b Fries, Colin (25 June 2007). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 13 August 2007.
  6. ^ NASA (11 May 2009). "STS-100 Wakeup Calls". NASA. Retrieved 31 July 2009.

External linksEdit