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STEAM fields are science, technology, engineering, art,[1] and mathematics, or applied mathematics.[2][3] STEAM is designed to integrate STEM subjects into various relevant education disciplines. These programs aim to teach students innovation, to think critically and use engineering or technology in imaginative designs or creative approaches to real-world problems while building on students' mathematics and science base.[4] STEAM programs add art to STEM curriculum by drawing on design principles and encouraging creative solutions.[4][5][6][7]

HistoryEdit

One early founder of the STEAM initiative is Georgette Yakman,[8] who in addition to raising the idea of adding the arts to the STEM acronym, claims to have found a formal way to link the subjects together and correspond them to the global socioeconomic world: "Science and Technology, interpreted through Engineering and the Arts, all based in elements of Mathematics."[9] She provides professional development training to individual educators and programs on how to use the STEAM framework.[10] In 2009, Senator Mark Warner announced Yakman's nomination as NCTC’s STEAM Teacher of the Year 2009.[11][12]

National STEAM DayEdit

National STEM/STEAM Day is celebrated on November 8 and is intended to be a play on the word innovate (Nov8). [13]

 
Children and Science

STEAM Day was established and made an official holiday by MGA Entertainment in 2015. "We want to show children that S.T.E.M. and S.T.E.A.M. are already all around them, and that their favorite hobbies are actually rooted in science, technology, engineering, art and math," said Isaac Larian, CEO of MGA Entertainment. [14]

Examples of STEAM JobsEdit

STEAM ProgramsEdit

  • A joint resolution was introduced in the United States House of Representatives expressing the sense that adding art and design into federal programs that target the STEM fields encourages innovation and economic growth in the United States.[16] John Maeda co-hosted the kickoff briefing of the bipartisan Congressional STEAM Caucus.[17]
  • SteamHead is a non-profit organization that promotes innovation and accessibility in education, focusing on STEAM fields.
  • The Rhode Island School of Design has a STEM to STEAM program and maintains an interactive map that shows global STEAM initiatives. Relevant organizations are able to add themselves to the map. John Maeda, (2008 to 2013 president of Rhode Island School of Design) has been a leader in bringing the initiative to the political forums of educational policy.
  • Wolf Trap's Institute of Education, as part of a $1.5 million Department of Education grant, trains and places teaching artists into preschool and kindergarten classrooms. The artists collaborate with the teachers to integrate math and science into the arts.[18]

STEAM in Children's MediaEdit

  • Sesame Street's 43rd season continues to focus on STEM but finds ways to integrate art. They state: "This helps make learning STEM concepts relevant and enticing to young children by highlighting how artists use STEM knowledge to enhance their art or solve problems. It also provides context for the importance of STEM knowledge in careers in the arts (e.g. musician, painter, sculptor and dancer)."[19]
  • MGA Entertainment created a S.T.E.A.M. based franchise Project Mc2.[14]

Other uses of the STEAM acronymEdit

  • American Lisa La Bonte, CEO of the Arab Youth Venture Foundation based in the United Arab Emirates, uses the STEAM acronym, but her work does not include arts integration[20]. In 2007, she created high profile public STEAM programs in 2007 having added an A for 'inspired STEM', with the A standing for Aeronautics, Aviation, Astronomy, Aerospace,[21] Ad Astra! and using all things "air and space" as a hook for youth to embark on greater experimentation, studies, and careers in the region's burgeoning space related industries[22]. One of AYVF's best-known programs,[20] "STEAM@TheMall", served over 200,000 its first two years at the most popular shopping malls[20] and provided free weekend activity stations such as Mars robotics, science experiments, SkyLab portable planetarium, art/design, and creative writing.[20] In 2008, Sharjah Sheikha Maisa kicked off the "Design booth for youth for Al Ain Summer S.T.E.A.M. funded by the Foundation created by the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi".[failed verification][23] In 2010, the American Association of Arts & Sciences (AAAS) included a chapter on AYVF's most popular STEAM program in its book, Building Mathematical and Scientific Talent in the Broader Middle East and North Africa (BMENA) Region.[failed verification][21]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "STEAM Rising: Why we need to put the arts into STEM education". Slate. Retrieved 2016-11-10.
  2. ^ "Virginia Tech and Virginia STEAM Academy form strategic partnership to meet critical education needs". Virginia Tech News. 31 July 2012.
  3. ^ http://stemtosteam.org/
  4. ^ a b Jolly, Anne. "STEM vs. STEAM: Do the Arts Belong?". EdWeek.org. Education Week: Teacher. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  5. ^ Pomeroy, Steven Ross. "From STEM to STEAM: Science and Art Go Hand-in-Hand". blogs.scientificamerican.com. Scientific American. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  6. ^ Eger, John. "National Science Foundation Slowly Turning STEM to STEAM". www.huffingtonpost.com. Huffington Post. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  7. ^ "STEAM learning matters. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics". www.cbs8.com. CBS News. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Stanley Beaman & Sears » 5 Things You Need to Know About STEAM Education". 2013-05-01. Retrieved 2018-09-01.
  9. ^ Yakman, Georgette. "STEAM Education: an overview of creating a model of integrative education". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ "https://steamedu.com/programs/". steamedu.com. Retrieved 2018-09-01. External link in |title= (help)
  11. ^ "About Us". STEAM Education. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Georgette Yakman". Academia.edu. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  13. ^ Schonberg, Angela (11/08/17). "National S.T.E.M./S.T.E.A.M. Day". Huff Post. Retrieved 10/30/19. Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)
  14. ^ a b Entertainment, M. G. A. "November 8 Is National S.T.E.M./S.T.E.A.M. Day". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2019-11-06.
  15. ^ Riley, Susan (2018-09-01). "STEAM Careers for the 21st Century". The Institute for Arts Integration and STEAM. Retrieved 2019-10-14.
  16. ^ "H. RES. 51 House of Representatives Joint Resolution" (PDF). 113th Congress, 2013–2015. 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
  17. ^ "Congressional Brief Event". stemtosteam.org. 2012. Retrieved 2016-01-07.
  18. ^ Chen, Kelly; Cheers, Imani. "STEAM Ahead: Merging Arts and Science Education". PBS News Hour. PBS. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  19. ^ Jean-Louis, Rosemary (August 24, 2012). "Sesame Street: New Season Focuses on S.T.E.A.M." gpb.org. Retrieved 10/30/19. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  20. ^ a b c d Bonte, Lisa. [Sociability Online "AYVF - Strategic Space & STEM Workforce Pioneer"] Check |url= value (help). http://www.ayvf.org/. Retrieved 28 October 2019. External link in |website= (help)
  21. ^ a b >Lisa LaBonte (2010). "Microsoft Word - Lisa LaBonte Final to Ann" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-09-20.
  22. ^ "STEAM Franchises". AYVF - Strategic Space & STEM Workforce Pioneer. April 17, 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  23. ^ https://ayvf.blogspot.com/2008/05/ayvf-receives-prestigious-award-from_29.html

External linksEdit