SS Kaiser Wilhelm II
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The second SS Kaiser Wilhelm II, named for the German Emperor, was a 19,361-gross register ton passenger ship built at Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland). The ship was completed in the spring of 1903. The ship was seized by the U.S. Government during World War I, and subsequently served as a transport ship under the name USS Agamemnon. A famous photograph taken by Alfred Stieglitz called The Steerage, as well as descriptions of the conditions of travel in the lowest class, have conflicted with her otherwise glitzy reputation as a high class, high speed trans-Atlantic liner.
SS Kaiser Wilhelm II, (c. 1905).
|Name:||Kaiser Wilhelm II|
|Namesake:||Wilhelm II, German Emperor|
|Port of registry:||Germany|
|Route:||Germany–New York City|
|Builder:||AG Vulcan, Stettin, Germany|
|Launched:||12 August 1902|
|Maiden voyage:||14 April 1903|
|Fate:||Seized by the United States, 6 April 1917|
|Name:||USS Kaiser Wilhelm II|
|Commissioned:||21 August 1917|
|Stricken:||27 August 1919|
|Fate:||Sold for scrapping, 1940|
|Class and type:||Kaiser-class ocean liner|
|Tonnage:||19,361 gross register tons (GRT)|
|Displacement:||25,530 long tons (25,940 t)|
|Length:||706 ft 3 in (215.27 m)|
|Beam:||72 ft 3 in (22.02 m)|
|Draft:||29 ft 10 in (9.09 m)|
|Depth of hold:||40 ft 2 in (12.24 m)|
|Propulsion:||Steam quadruple expansion engines, 2 propellers|
|Speed:||23.5 knots (43.5 km/h; 27.0 mph)|
|Complement:||962 officers and enlisted|
Designed for high speed trans-Atlantic service, Kaiser Wilhelm II was launched at Stettin on 12 August 1902, in the presence of the German Emperor, for whom it was named by Miss Wiegand, daughter of Heinrich Wiegand, director of its owner Norddeutscher Lloyd.
She won the Blue Riband for the fastest eastbound crossing in 1904. In the years before the outbreak of World War I, she made regular trips between Germany and New York City, carrying passengers both prestigious (in first class) and profitable (in the much more austere steerage).
On 17 June 1914 Kaiser Wilhelm II collided with the 3,000-ton British steamer Incemore in thick fog off the Needles. Kaiser's hull was holed below the waterline, but the ship's watertight bulkheads held and the ship returned to Southampton under her own power. Kaiser Wilhelm II was west-bound when war with Britain began on 4 August 1914 and, after evading patrolling British cruisers, arrived at New York two days later.
United States military serviceEdit
She was seized by the U.S. Government when it declared war on Germany on 6 April 1917, and work soon began to repair her machinery, sabotaged earlier by a German caretaker crew, and otherwise prepare the ship for use as a transport. While this work progressed, she was employed as a barracks ship at the New York Navy Yard.
The U.S. Navy placed the ship in commission as USS Kaiser Wilhelm II (ID-3004) in late August 1917. Her name was changed to Agamemnon at the beginning of September and active war work commenced at the end of October, when she left for her first troopship voyage to France. While at sea on 9 November 1917, she was damaged in a collision with another large ex-German transport, USS Von Steuben, but delivered her passengers to the war zone a few days later. Following her return to the U.S. in December and subsequent repair work, Agamemnon again steamed to France in mid-January 1918 and thereafter regularly crossed the Atlantic as part of the effort to establish a major American military presence on the Western Front. The routine was occasionally punctuated by encounters with real or suspected U-boats and, during the autumn of 1918, with outbreaks of influenza on board.
In mid-December 1918, just over a month after the Armistice ended the fighting, Agamemnon began to bring Americans home from France. She made nine voyages by August 1919, carrying nearly 42,000 service personnel, some four thousand more than she had transported overseas during wartime. USS Agamemnon was decommissioned in late August and turned over to the War Department for further use as a U.S. Army Transport. Laid up after the middle 1920s, she was renamed Monticello in 1927 but had no further active service. Monticello was considered too old for future use and sold for scrap in 1940.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- "Latest intelligence – the German Emperor". The Times (36845). London. 13 August 1902. p. 3.
- "The Fleets of the Mail Lines: Disasters to Mail Steamers". The Marine Engineer and Naval Architect. Vol. 36. July 1914. pp. 458–459.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kaiser Wilhelm II (ship, 1903).|
- Lostliners: SS Kaiser Wilhelm II
- Photo gallery of USS Agamemnon (ID-3004) at NavSource Naval History
- Description of Passenger Conditions in the Steerage and second class passenger compartments on the Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1905
- Kaiser Wilhelm II on The Great Ocean Liners
- photo gallery at Naval Historical Center
| Atlantic Eastbound Record