SHALOM (satellite)

Spaceborne Hyperspectral Applicative Land and Ocean Mission (SHALOM) is a joint mission by the Israeli Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency to develop a hyperspectral satellite.[5][2]

Spaceborne Hyperspectral Applicative Land and Ocean Mission
Mission typeEarth Observation, Research
Mission duration5 years (planned)[1]
Spacecraft properties
Selex ES
Thales Alenia Space[2]
Launch mass385 kg
Start of mission
Launch date2025 (planned)[1][3]
Launch siteGuiana Space Centre, ELV
Hyperspectral Imaging Spectrometer
Panchromatic camera
Spectral ranges VNR/SWIR Spectrometers

The mission was agreed upon in late 2010,[6] and was originally intended to build two commercial hyperspectral satellites.[7] Preliminary studies for the program started in 2012,[8] with Phase A completed in 2013. A Joint Integrated Team from Italy and Israel perform preliminary definition and studies until 2014.[9] By 2014, the project has evolved into building only one satellite. Phase B1 started in 2017 and was expected to last 12 months.[2]

In October 2015 a memorandum of understanding was signed, and the system was slated to become fully operational in 2021,[10] later pushed to 2022.[4] As of December 2021, SHALOM is expected to be operational by 2025.[1][3] The project is expected to cost over $200 million, with the cost being split evenly between the two countries.[11]


The joint mission is expected to build a hyperspectral Earth observation satellite that will occupy the same orbit as the older Italian satellite, COSMO-SkyMed which was launched in 2007. The satellites will be equipped with instruments targeting the visible, infrared, and ultraviolet wavelengths in the 400 nm to 2700 nm range.

The satellite will use the OPTSAT-3000 satellite platform built by Israel Aerospace Industries,[2] and is expected to be about 385 kg. The payload will be limited to 120 kg[9] and is expected be equipped with:

  • Panchromatic camera with a 2.5-m GSD,
  • Commercial Hyper-spectral Imaging Spectrometer (0.2-2.5 µm)[12]
  • Infrared camera (4-12 µm)
  • Spectral ranges (contiguous spectrum):

The satellite is expected to launch in 2025[1][3] on a Vega launch vehicle.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d "Agenzia Spaziale Italiana Annual Report 2020" (PDF). ASI. 30 August 2021. p. 31. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d Demetio Labate (March 2017). "SHALOM Mission" (PDF). Workshop :“Data Exploitation della missione PRISMA, precursore delle missioni iperspettrali nazionali”.
  3. ^ a b c "Piano Triennale delle Attività 2021-2023" [Three-year Plan of Activities 2021-2023] (PDF). ASI (in Italian). 10 March 2021. p. 50. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "Dal 2022 in orbita il satellite dalla super-vista" [Hyperspectral satellite to orbit in 2022]. ANSA (in Italian). 3 July 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  5. ^ "Zvi Kaplan, Director, Israel Space Agency". Spacenews. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  6. ^ "Italy and Israel: all clear for SHALOM". Italian Space Agency. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  7. ^ Dekel, Tal. "Israeli Civilian Space Program: Turning Swords into Plowshares" (PDF). Israel Space Agency. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  8. ^ "SELEX Galileo in Charge of Hyperspectral Instrument for Italian-Israeli SHALOM Space Mission". Selex ES. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  9. ^ a b Eyal Ben Dor, Avia Kafri, Giancarlo Varacalli (July 2014). "SHALOM: Spaceborne Hyperspectral Applicative Land and Ocean Mission: A joint project of ASI-ISA, an update for 2014" (PDF). IGARSS Quebec.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ "The Shalom Mission". Israel Space Agency. December 16, 2014.
  11. ^ "Israel, Italy To Build Hyperspectral Satellites". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  12. ^ Prof. Ezio Bussoletti. "Space Observations for Agriculture and Food Support" (PDF). Italian Space Agency. Retrieved 21 November 2013.