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Sîngerei (Romanian pronunciation: [sɨndʒerej]) is a district (Romanian: raion) in the north of Moldova, with the administrative center at Sîngerei. The other major city is Biruința. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 93,400.
|Country||Republic of Moldova|
|Administrative center |
|• Raion president||Gheorghe Meaun (PLDM), since 2011|
|• Total||1,033 km2 (399 sq mi)|
|• Density||77/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+373 62|
Between 1944 and 1991, Sîngerei district was called Lazovsky District.
Localities with the earliest documentary attestation are Coşcodeni, Drăgăneşti, Tăura Veche, these being attested for the first time during 1508–1536. District administrative center Sîngerei is first documented on 17 May 1586. In the following centuries there is a development of trade, culture and an important increase in population. In 1812 the Treaty of Bucharest, Basarabia is occupied by the Russian Empire for a period of a century (1812–1917). After the collapse of the Russian Empire in 1917, in 1918 Basarabia decide union with the motherland Romania, so the region today forming part of the Bălți County (1918–1944). Is again occupied Basarabia in 1940 after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, this time the USSR. The territorial-administrative, certified as the district Lazovsky District (Sîngerei), was established on 11 November 1940 following a decision by the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR, a few months after Russian troops entered the area between the Prut and Nistru. Initially, the entering only a part of current locations, the other belonging Chişcăreni district, which later merged Singerei district. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part of the Bălți County (1991–2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.
Singerei district is located in the north of Moldova has neighborhood the Drochia District in north, east Floreşti District, Ungheni District in the southwest district, Teleneşti District south, west Făleşti District and Bălți municipality in northwest. Geographically, it situated in Balti steppe and is a hilly plain. Erosion process with low intensity. Maximum altitude between 190–240 meters in district.
Mainly steppe fauna is represented by: hare, hedgehog, fox, deer, wild boar, raccoon dog, badger, wolf and red deer. Of birds there are: stork, egrets, quail, heron, steppe eagle, crow, nightingale and others.
District is located in the Nistru river basin, crosses the river Răut (286 km) the largest tributary of the Nistru, with its tributaries: Soloneţ, Ciulcul de Mijloc, Cubolta (102 km). Most lakes are of natural origin, but are rich in fish.
1 January 2012 the district population was 93,200 of which 20.1% urban and 79.9% rural population.
- Births (2010): 1134 (12.1 per 1000)
- Deaths (2010): 1124 (12.0 per 1000)
- Growth rate (2010): 10 (0.1 per 1000)
|Ethnic group||% of total|
Footnote: * There is an ongoing controversy regarding the ethnic identification of Moldovans and Romanians.
In the district are registered, a total of 6525 companies. The share of agricultural land is 54,981 ha (53.2%) total land area. Arable land occupies 49 757 ha (48.2%) of the total agricultural land, orchards plantations – 2901 ha (2.8%), vineyards occupy 1249 ha (1.2%), pastures – 19,020 ha (18.4%), other – 2658 ha (2.6%). Agriculture is the main branch of economy grow: cereals (wheat, barley, oats), vegetables, tobacco, sunflower, sugar beet, in orchards: apple, plum, pear, cherry and others.
Singerei district is a district with a percentage of centre-right party present here AEI usually get positive results, and PCRM are in a continuous fall. During 2001–2009, the district was a predominantly communist (over 50%).
During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 101.9%
|2010||55.30% 21,279||38.31% 14,744|
|July 2009||52.60% 19,159||43.43% 15,598|
|April 2009||29.39% 10,539||54.77% 19,640|
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||+/−|
|Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova||14,744||38.31||−5.12|
|Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova||11,037||28.68||+11.71|
|Democratic Party of Moldova||7,399||19,23||-0.86|
|Party Alliance Our Moldova||772||2.01||−4.17|
|European Action Movement||772||2.01||+2.01|
|Total (turnout 57.37%)||38,814||100.00||
The district Singerei works: Singerei district hospital with general fund of 280 beds, a center of family doctors in the composition of which are 17 family physician offices, nine health centers, 30 health points.
- Anton Crihan – Lawyer, economist, politician and publicist, in 1949 emigrate to United States
- Ion Hadârcă – Poet, Politic (Liberal Party), Member of Moldavian Parliament between 1990–1998 and 2009–present
- Gheorghe Duca – Scientist, president of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova
- Pan Halippa – Publicist and politician, president of Sfatul Țării, which voted the union in 1918
- Sergei Tigipko – Ukrainian politician, finance specialist, current Vice-Prime Minister of Ukraine and a former Minister of Economics of Ukraine
- Sergiu Grossu – Writer and theologian
- Vasile Gafencu – Basarabian politician, member of the Sfatul Țării (1917–1918)
- Vitalie Nagacevschi – Lawyer, Member of Parliament of Moldova between 2009–2010