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Sáros (-Hungarian, Slovak: Šariš, Latin: comitatus Sarossiensis, German: Scharosch) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in northeastern Slovakia. Today, Šariš is only an informal designation of the corresponding territory.

Sáros County
Comitatus Sarossiensis  (Latin)
Sáros vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Scharosch  (German)
Šarišská župa  (Slovak)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
13th century–1920
Coat of arms of Sáros
Coat of arms
Saros.png
CapitalEperjes
Area
 • Coordinates49°0′N 21°14′E / 49.000°N 21.233°E / 49.000; 21.233Coordinates: 49°0′N 21°14′E / 49.000°N 21.233°E / 49.000; 21.233
 
• 1910
3,652 km2 (1,410 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
174600
History 
• Established
13th century
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
Today part ofSlovakia
Prešov is the current name of the capital.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Sáros county

Sáros county shared borders with the Austrian crownland Galicia and the Hungarian counties Szepes, Abaúj-Torna and Zemplén. It was situated between the Levoča Hills (i.e., Szepesség (Spiš)), Kassa and Felső-Szvidnyik. The river Tarca flowed through the county. Its area was 3,652 km² around 1910.

CapitalsEdit

The capital of Sáros county was Sáros Castle. After various other towns, since 1647 the capital has been Eperjes.

HistoryEdit

Sáros county was created before the 13th century from the comitatus Novi Castri (named after Novum Castrum, today Abaújvár), which also included the later counties Abov and Heves.

In the aftermath of World War I, most of Sáros county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon. During World War II, when Czechoslovakia was divided, Šariš became part of the First Slovak Republic. Since 1993, Šariš has been part of Slovakia, located in the Prešov Region. Historically a prosperous region, it is nowadays relatively poor.

DemographicsEdit

1900Edit

In 1900, the county had a population of 174,470 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910Edit

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, the county had a population of 174,620 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

SubdivisionsEdit

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Sáros county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Bártfa Bártfa, SK Bardejov
Eperjes Eperjes, SK Prešov
Felsővízköz Felsővízköz, SK Svidník
Girált Girált, SK Giraltovce
Héthárs Héthárs, SK Lipany
Kisszeben Kisszeben, SK Sabinov
Lemes Lemes, SK Lemešany
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Bártfa, SK Bardejov
Eperjes, SK Prešov
Kisszeben, SK Sabinov

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 26 June 2012.