S&M (album)

S&M (an abbreviation of Symphony and Metallica) is a live album by American heavy metal band Metallica, with The San Francisco Symphony conducted by Michael Kamen. It was recorded on April 21–22, 1999 at The Berkeley Community Theatre. This is the final Metallica album to feature Jason Newsted as Metallica's bassist.

S&M
Text about the performing parties (top) then a photo of a person playing a guitar
Live album by
ReleasedNovember 23, 1999
RecordedApril 21–22, 1999
VenueBerkeley Community Theatre, Berkeley, California
GenreHeavy metal, hard rock, thrash metal, symphonic metal
Length133:13
LabelElektra, Vertigo
ProducerBob Rock
James Hetfield
Lars Ulrich
Michael Kamen
Metallica live albums chronology
Live Shit: Binge & Purge
(1993)
S&M
(1999)
Orgullo, Pasión, y Gloria: Tres Noches en la Ciudad de México
(2009)
Metallica video chronology
Cunning Stunts
(1998)
S&M
(1999)
The Videos 1989–2004
(2006)
Singles from S&M
  1. "Nothing Else Matters '99"
    Released: November 22, 1999[1]
  2. "No Leaf Clover"
    Released: March 20, 2000[2]

Album informationEdit

S&M contains performances of Metallica songs with additional symphonic accompaniment, which was composed by Michael Kamen, who also conducted the orchestra during the concert. The idea to combine heavy metal with an epic classical approach, as James Hetfield has stated repeatedly,[3][4] was an idea of Cliff Burton. Burton’s love of classical music, especially of Johann Sebastian Bach, can be traced back to many instrumental parts and melodic characteristics in Metallica’s songwriting including songs from Ride The Lightning and Master of Puppets.[5] Kamen, who arranged and conducted the orchestral background tracks for "Nothing Else Matters", met the band at the 1992 Grammy award show for the first time, and after hearing the "Elevator version" of the song, suggested the band to perform with a whole orchestra; the band, however, didn't take him up on the offer until 7 years later.[6] Lars Ulrich's favourite band Deep Purple, who he colourfully inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2016, is noted for having kicked off this kind of approach 30 years before, in Concerto for Group and Orchestra (1969).

In addition to songs from previous albums spanning Ride the Lightning through ReLoad, there are two new compositions: "No Leaf Clover" and "−Human". "The Ecstasy of Gold" by Ennio Morricone, Metallica's entrance music, was played live by the orchestra. "No Leaf Clover" has since been performed by Metallica in concert, using a recording of the orchestral prelude.

Changes were made to the lyrics of some songs, most notably the removal of the second verse and chorus of "The Thing That Should Not Be" and playing the third verse in its place.

The "S" in the stylized "S&M" on the album cover is a backwards treble clef, while the "M" is taken from Metallica's logo.

The drum kit Ulrich used on the album currently resides in a Guitar Center in San Francisco.

Critical receptionEdit

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic     [7]
Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal5/10[8]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music     [9]
Entertainment WeeklyB[10]
Q     [11]
Rolling Stone     [12]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide     [13]
Spin8/10[11]
  • Rolling Stone (January 20, 2000, pp. 57–59) - 3 stars out of 5 - "...create the most crowded, ceiling-rattling basement rec room in rock....[in its] sheer awesomeness...the live performance succeeded....the monster numbers benefit from supersizing. The effect is more one of timelessness..."[12]
  • Spin (February 2000, pp. 114–5) - 8 out of 10 - "...makes their tempo and texture dynamics...into a topic in and off of itself, a deep evocation of bad-voodoo creeping willies culminating in 'One' and 'Enter Sandman'....Freed from ritualized superhuman extremism, it builds a soundtrack to everyday life."[11]
  • Entertainment Weekly (December 3, 1999, p. 102) - "Buttressed by grim strings, creaky horns, and thundering timpani, staples...creep with fearful new dimension, like an old Posada print come to life." - Rating: B[10]
  • Q (February 2000, p. 86) - 3 stars out of 5 - "...another just about forgivable flirtation with Spinal Tap-esque lunacy....a fine hit-heavy live LP with bolted-on bombast from the S.F. Symphony....Michael Kamen's scores swoop and soar with impressive portent throughout."[11]
  • CMJ (December 20, 1999, p. 24) - "...stunning....orchestral renditions of hits from the band's '90s output."[11]

AccoladesEdit

Year Winner Category
1999 S&M Metal Edge Readers' Choice Award for Compilation Album of the Year[14]
2000 S&M ARTIST Direct Online Music Award for Favorite Turn-It-Up-Loud CD[15]
2000 S&M California Music Award for Arthur M. Sohcot Award for Excellence
2001 "The Call of Ktulu" Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance

Commercial performanceEdit

S&M sold 300,000 units in the first week of release,[16] and went on to sell a total of 2.5 million copies. As of 2003, the album had been certified 5× platinum.[17] As of August 2013 the album had sold more than 8 million copies worldwide.

Legacy and 20th anniversary performanceEdit

The album was included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[18]

This album was also ranked 48th on NME's list of 50 Greatest Live Albums.

After Kamen's death in 2003, Metallica hadn't revisited the S&M concept in any further performances or recording work. However, the band announced on March 18, 2019 that they would hold a concert at the Chase Center on September 6 of that year to commemorate the 20th anniversary with a single-night concert, headed by Michael Tilson Thomas as music director. They later added a second concert on September 8.

The shows included many songs from the original S&M performances, as well as renditions of songs that had been released since then. In August, it was announced that a film of the concerts would receive a limited worldwide theatrical release.[19] The concert was given a limited release and has grossed over 5.5 million dollars. [20]

Track listingEdit

Disc one
No.TitleWriter(s)Original albumLength
1."The Ecstasy of Gold" (instrumental)Ennio Morricone 2:31
2."The Call of Ktulu" (instrumental)James Hetfield, Lars Ulrich, Cliff Burton, Dave MustaineRide the Lightning9:34
3."Master of Puppets"Hetfield, Ulrich, Burton, Kirk HammettMaster of Puppets8:55
4."Of Wolf and Man"Hetfield, Ulrich, HammettMetallica4:19
5."The Thing That Should Not Be"Hetfield, Ulrich, HammettMaster of Puppets7:27
6."Fuel"Hetfield, Ulrich, HammettReLoad4:36
7."The Memory Remains"Hetfield, UlrichReLoad4:42
8."No Leaf Clover"Hetfield, Ulrichpreviously unreleased5:43
9."Hero of the Day"Hetfield, Ulrich, HammettLoad4:45
10."Devil's Dance"Hetfield, UlrichReLoad5:26
11."Bleeding Me"Hetfield, Ulrich, HammettLoad9:02
Total length:67:00
Disc two
No.TitleWriter(s)Original albumLength
1."Nothing Else Matters"Hetfield, UlrichMetallica6:47
2."Until It Sleeps"Hetfield, UlrichLoad4:30
3."For Whom the Bell Tolls"Hetfield, Ulrich, BurtonRide the Lightning4:52
4."- Human"Hetfield, Ulrichpreviously unreleased4:20
5."Wherever I May Roam"Hetfield, UlrichMetallica7:02
6."The Outlaw Torn"Hetfield, UlrichLoad9:59
7."Sad but True"Hetfield, UlrichMetallica5:46
8."One"Hetfield, Ulrich...And Justice for All7:53
9."Enter Sandman"Hetfield, Ulrich, HammettMetallica7:39
10."Battery"Hetfield, UlrichMaster of Puppets7:25
Total length:66:13

Video releaseEdit

Metallica also filmed and released the concert in DVD and VHS with direction by Wayne Isham. The VHS set has only the concert video, while the double DVD set has 5.1 sound (also: 2.0 band+orchestra, 2.0 band-only and 2.0 orchestra-only), 41 minute documentary about the concert, and two "No Leaf Clover" music videos: "Slice & Dice" version and the "Maestro Edit". The DVD also contains four songs with multi-angles where each band member can be viewed individually: "Of Wolf and Man", "Fuel", "Sad But True", and "Enter Sandman".

PersonnelEdit

San Francisco SymphonyEdit

  • Michael Kamen – conductor
  • John Kieser – general manager
  • Eric Achen, Joshua Garrett, Douglas Hull, Jonathan Ring, Bruce Roberts, Robert Ward, James Smelser – French horns
  • David Teie principal, Richard Andaya, Barara Bogatin, Jill Rachuy Brindel, David Goldblatt – cello
  • Jeremy Constant concertmaster, Daniel Banner, Enrique Bocedi, Paul Brancato, Catherine Down, Bruce Freifeld, Connie Gantsweg, Michael Gerling, Frances Jeffrey, Robert Zelnick, Yukiko Kamei, Naomi Kazama, Kum Mo Kim, Yasuko Hattori, Melissa Kleinbart, Mo Kobialka, Daniel Kobialka, Rudolph Kremer, Kelly Leon-Pearce, Diane Nicholeris, Florin Parvulescu, Anne Pinsker, Victor Romasevich, Philip Santos, Peter Shelton – violins
  • Chris Bogios, Glenn Fischthal, Andrew McCandless, Craig Morris – trumpets
  • Stephen Paulson, Steven Dibner, Rob Weir – bassoons
  • Steven Braunstein – contrabassoon
  • Charles Chandler, Laurence Epstein, Chris Gilbert, William Ritchen, Stephen Tramontozzi, S. Mark Wright – double basses
  • Anthony J. Cirone, Ray Froelich, Thomas Hemphill, Artie Storch – percussion
  • Don Ehrlich, Gina Feinauer, David Gaudry, Christina King, Yun Jie Liu, Seth Mausner, Nanci Severance, Geraldine Walther – violas
  • John Engelkes, Tom Hornig, Paul Welcomer, Jeff Budin – trombones
  • Julie Ann Giacobassi, Eugene Izotov, Pamela Smith – oboes
  • Russ deLuna – English horn
  • David Herbert – timpani
  • Linda Lukas, Tim Day, Robin McKee – flutes
  • David Neuman, Carey Bell, Luis Beez – clarinets
  • Catherine Payne – piccolo
  • Douglas Rioth – harp
  • Robin Sutherland – keyboards
  • Peter Wahrhaftig – tuba

ProductionEdit

  • Bob Rock – producer, engineer
  • James Hetfield – producer
  • Lars Ulrich – producer
  • Michael Kamen – producer, orchestration, arranger, liner notes, music director
  • Randy Staub – engineer, mixing
  • Steve McLaughlin – engineer, recording
  • George Marino – mastering
  • Billy Bowers – digital editing
  • Paul DeCarli – digital editing
  • Mike Gillies – digital editing
  • Darren Grahn – digital editing, assistant
  • John Vrtacic – technical assistance
  • James Brett – assistant, music preparation
  • Billy Konkel – assistant
  • Leff Lefferts – assistant
  • Kent Matcke – assistant
  • Geoffrey Alexander – orchestration
  • Ted Allen – orchestration
  • Pete Anthony – orchestration
  • Chris Wagner – orchestration
  • Chris Boardman – orchestration
  • Bob Elhai – orchestration
  • Blake Neely – orchestration, music copyist, music preparation
  • Jonathan Sacks – orchestration
  • Brad Warnaar – orchestration
  • Michael Price – music preparation
  • Vic Fraser – music copyist
  • Andie Airfix – design
  • Anton Corbijn – photography

Chart positionsEdit

AlbumEdit

Chart (1999) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[21] 1
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[22] 16
Danish Albums (Hitlisten)[23] 3
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[24] 2
French Albums (SNEP)[25] 7
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[26] 1
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[27] 11
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[28] 1
Spanish Albums (AFYVE)[29] 6
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[30] 1
UK Albums (OCC)[31] 33
US Billboard 200[32] 2
Chart (2000) Peak
position
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[33] 3
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[34] 4
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)[35] 2
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[36] 4

Year-end chartsEdit

Chart (1999) Position
German Albums Chart[37] 89
Chart (2000) Position
German Albums Chart[38] 8

SinglesEdit

Year Single Chart Position
1999 "No Leaf Clover" Mainstream Rock Tracks 1
Modern Rock Tracks 18
2000 Billboard Hot 100 74

CertificationsEdit

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Argentina (CAPIF)[39] Platinum 60,000^
Australia (ARIA)[40] Platinum 70,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[41] Platinum 50,000*
Brazil (Pro-Música Brasil)[42] Platinum 125,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[43] 3× Platinum 300,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[44] Platinum 72,831[44]
France (SNEP)[45] Platinum 300,000*
Germany (BVMI)[46] 5× Gold 750,000^
Mexico (AMPROFON)[47] Gold 75,000^
Netherlands (NVPI)[48] Platinum 100,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[49] 2× Platinum 30,000^
Poland (ZPAV)[50] 2× Platinum 200,000*
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[51] Platinum 100,000^
Sweden (GLF)[52] Gold 40,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[53] 2× Platinum 100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[54] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[55] 5× Platinum 2,500,000^
Summaries
Europe (IFPI)[56] 2× Platinum 2,000,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

VideoEdit

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[57] 7× Platinum 105,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[58] Gold 5,000*
Brazil (Pro-Música Brasil)[59] Platinum 50,000*
United States (RIAA)[60] 6× Platinum 600,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "METALLICA.com - No Leaf Clover". metallica.com. Archived from the original on 10 February 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Metallica: James Hetfield Talks On Cliff Burton's Influence". Ultimate Guitar.
  4. ^ All Metallica - Symphony of Destruction - James Hetfield: 1999
  5. ^ Michael Custodis, chapter Film Music in Concert: Metallica mit Michael Kamen, in: Klassische Musik heute. Eine Spurensuche in der Rockmusik, Bielefeld transcript-Verlag 2009 ISBN 978-3-8376-1249-3
  6. ^ Classic Album: Metallica
  7. ^ Boldman, Gina. "Metallica - S&M review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 2017-01-25.
  8. ^ Popoff, Martin (August 1, 2007). The Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal: Volume 3: The Nineties. Burlington, Ontario, Canada: Collector's Guide Publishing. p. 278. ISBN 978-1-894959-62-9.
  9. ^ Larkin, Colin (2006). Encyclopedia of Popular Music. 5 (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 725. ISBN 0-19-531373-9.
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  11. ^ a b c d e "S&M CDs". CD Universe.
  12. ^ a b "Metallica S&M Album Review". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  13. ^ Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian David (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon and Schuster. p. 538. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  14. ^ Metal Edge, July 2000
  15. ^ https://www.metallica.com/blog/timeline/354396/band-wins-artist-direct-online-music-awards
  16. ^ "Billboard". google.com.pk. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
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  18. ^ Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (23 March 2010). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 978-0-7893-2074-2.
  19. ^ DiVita, Joe. "Metallica's 'S&M2' Concert to Screen at 3,000 Theaters for One Night". Loudwire. Retrieved 2019-09-18.
  20. ^ https://www.forbes.com/sites/bryanrolli/2019/10/17/metallica-scores-biggest-global-rock-event-cinema-release-with-sm/#56342b6b70cd
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  30. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Metallica with Michael Kamen Conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra – S&M". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
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  47. ^ "Certificaciones" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Retrieved October 4, 2019. Type Metallica in the box under the ARTISTA column heading and S & M in the box under TÍTULO
  48. ^ "Dutch album certifications – Metallica – S&M" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved October 3, 2019. Enter S&M in the "Artiest of titel" box.
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  55. ^ "American album certifications – Metallica – S&M". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved October 26, 2013. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 
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  59. ^ "Brazilian video certifications – Metallica – S&M" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
  60. ^ "American video certifications – Metallica – S&M". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved February 26, 2013. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Video Longform, then click SEARCH.