Rylsk, Russia

Rylsk (Russian: Рыльск) is a town and the administrative center of Rylsky District in Kursk Oblast, western Russia, located on the right bank of the Seym River (Dnieper's basin) 124 kilometres (77 mi) southwest of Kursk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 15,671 (2010 Census);[2] 17,603 (2002 Census);[7] 19,472 (1989 Census);[8] 19,000 (1974).

View of Rylsk
View of Rylsk
Flag of Rylsk
Coat of arms of Rylsk
Location of Rylsk
Rylsk is located in Russia
Location of Rylsk
Rylsk is located in Kursk Oblast
Rylsk (Kursk Oblast)
Coordinates: 51°34′N 34°40′E / 51.567°N 34.667°E / 51.567; 34.667Coordinates: 51°34′N 34°40′E / 51.567°N 34.667°E / 51.567; 34.667
Federal subjectKursk Oblast[1]
Administrative districtRylsky District[1]
Town of district significanceRylsk[1]
First mentioned1152
160 m (520 ft)
 • Total15,671
 • Estimate 
16,147 (+3%)
 • Capital ofRylsky District[1], town of district significance of Rylsk[1]
 • Municipal districtRylsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementRylsk Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofRylsky Municipal District[4], Rylsk Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
307370, 307371, 307373, 307374, 307379
OKTMO ID38634101001


Rylsk was first mentioned in a chronicle in 1152 as one of the Severian towns.[citation needed] It had become the seat of an appanage principality by the end of the 12th century before coming into the hands of Lithuanian rulers sometime in the 14th century. The Polish king Casimir IV made a grant of it to Dmitry Shemyaka's son Ivan, who had settled in Lithuania. Ivan's son Vasily defected to the Grand Duchy of Moscow, but Lithuanians held the town until 1522.

During the Time of Troubles, it was one of the first towns to welcome False Dmitry I as the Tsar. After the Ukraine's integration into the Russian Empire, Rylsk capitalized on the trade between Little Russia and Great Russia. Numerous merchants resided in the town. Today its population is the same as it had been about a century before.

Soviet authority in Rylsk was established in November 1917. During World War II, the town was occupied by the German Army from October 5, 1941 to August 31, 1943.

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Rylsk serves as the administrative center of Rylsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Rylsky District as the town of district significance of Rylsk.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Rylsk is incorporated within Rylsky Municipal District as Rylsk Urban Settlement.[4]


The town does not retain many marks of antiquity. Its oldest buildings are three churches of the monastery of St. Nicholas, all erected in the mid-18th century. Some of the most prominent buildings in the town were commissioned by the Shelikhov merchants who traded with Alaska Natives in North America in the late 18th century, the most famous of whom, Grigory Shelekhov, was born in the town. A monument was erected to his memory on the central square. The foremost of the town's churches are the Uspensky Cathedral (1811) and the Pokrovsky Cathedral (1822), both designed in a vernacular Neoclassical idiom and furnished with very lofty belltowers.

Uspensky Cathedral in Rylsk



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #489
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #60-ZKO
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.


  • Губернатор Курской области. Постановление №489 от 6 ноября 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц населённых пунктов Курской области», в ред. Постановления №26-пг от 29 января 2013 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Постановление Губернатора Курской области от 06.11.2008 №489 "Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц населённых пунктов Курской области"». Вступил в силу 6 ноября 2008 г. (Governor of Kursk Oblast. Resolution #489 of November 6, 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities of Kursk Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #26-pg of January 29, 2013 On Amending and Supplementing Resolution #489 of the Governor of Kursk Oblast of November 6, 2008 "On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities of Kursk Oblast". Effective as of November 6, 2008.).
  • Курская областная Дума. Закон №60-ЗКО от 1 декабря 2004 г. «О границах муниципальных образований Курской области», в ред. Закона №127-ЗКО от 17 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении дополнения в статью 1 Закона Курской области "О границах муниципальных образований Курской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Курская правда", №248, 18 декабря 2004 г. (Kursk Oblast Duma. Law #60-ZKO of December 1, 2004 On the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Kursk Oblast, as amended by the Law #127-ZKO of December 17, 2012 On Amending Article 1 of the Law of Kursk Oblast "On the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Kursk Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External linksEdit