Rutland Island

Rutland Island is an island of the Andaman Islands. It belongs to the South Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[5] the island lies 20 km (12 mi) south from Port Blair.

Rutland Island
Native name:
kalapahad
Rutland Island is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Rutland Island
Rutland Island
Geography
LocationBay of Bengal
Coordinates11°25′N 92°38′E / 11.42°N 92.64°E / 11.42; 92.64Coordinates: 11°25′N 92°38′E / 11.42°N 92.64°E / 11.42; 92.64
ArchipelagoAndaman Islands
Adjacent bodies of waterIndian Ocean
Total islands1
Major islands
  • Rutland
Area121.5 km2 (46.9 sq mi)[1] [1]
Length18 km (11.2 mi)
Width11 km (6.8 mi)
Coastline69 km (42.9 mi)
Highest elevation433 m (1421 ft)[2]
Highest pointMount Ford
Administration
DistrictSouth Andaman
Island groupAndaman Islands
Island sub-groupRutland Archipelago
TehsilPort Blair Tehsil
Largest settlementBada Khari (pop. 169)
Demographics
Population347 (2016)
Pop. density2.85/km2 (7.38/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsHindu, Andamanese
Additional information
Time zone
PIN744105[3]
Telephone codeThere isn't any telephone facility.
ISO codeIN-AN-00[4]
Official websitewww.and.nic.in
Literacy64%
Avg. summer temperature30.2 °C (86.4 °F)
Avg. winter temperature23.0 °C (73.4 °F)
Sex ratio1.48/
Census Code35.639.0004
Official LanguagesHindi

HistoryEdit

The island used to be home to the Jangil, one of the indigenous Andamanese groups. The Jangil (also called "Rutland Jarawa" since they were thought to have been related to the Jarawa of South Andaman) occupied much of the interior of the island according to mid-19th century British accounts, however their interactions with outsiders were few and far between. Up to the early 20th century there are only a handful of documented encounters with Jangil individuals. The last documented encounter was in 1907, and when in the 1920s a more extensive expedition to the island's interior was conducted, no traces of their active habitation were found; the Jangil had become extinct.[2]

From time to time other indigenous Andamanese, such as the Onge from Little Andaman Island to the south and Great Andamanese tribes to the north had also set up fishing communities on Rutland. However, with the great reduction in numbers of these peoples, and their (enforced) relocation to more restricted areas, the island no longer has any permanent indigenous settlement. There is a lighthouse at the slopes of the hill on the north of the island, about 2 km from the landing point. [6]

GeographyEdit

The island belongs to the Rutland Archipelago and is located across the Macpherson Strait from South Andaman Island. It is separated from Little Andaman by the Duncan Passage, and from North Clinque Island by Manner Strait. Mount Ford, 433m high, lies in the N part of the island; Mount Mayo, 227m high, lies in the S part.[2]

AdministrationEdit

Politically, Rutland Island, along neighboring Rutland Archipelago, are part of Port Blair Taluk.[7]

DemographicsEdit

There are 6 villages on the island: Rutland village,[8] R.M.Point village,[9] Bamboo Nallaha,[10] Kichad Nallaha,[10] Bada Khari[11] and east jetty (Dani Nallah).

According to the 2011 census of India, the Island has 119 households, with 347 inhabitants, speaking Hindi, Bengali, Tamil.[12] The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 64%.[13]

Demographics (2011 Census)[13]
Total Male Female
Population 347 207 140
Children aged below 6 years 30 11 19
Scheduled caste 0 0 0
Scheduled tribe 2 2 0
Literates 221 144 77
Workers (all) 217 167 50
Main workers (total) 195 152 43

The island has 53 hectares of cultivated land, 237 cattle heads, 157 goats.[12]

Flora & FaunaEdit

Rutland Island is rich in marine life with the shallow waters near the island having a good representation of smaller fish and coral. The vegetation of Rutland Island is similar to that of North Sentinel Island with dry sandy soils. Although hilly, the island is overgrown with fairly open jungle and brush.

TourismEdit

Rutland Island offers an ideal base for training open water divers. Prominent tourist spots on the island include Jahaji Beach, Bada Balu, Manner Strait, Photo Nallah and Dani Nallah.[12]

Rutland Water ProjectEdit

As of 2012, the Andaman Public Works Department was planning to bring water from Rutland Island to Port Blair by underwater pipeline across Mac Pherson Strait, from R. M. Point to Phongibalu in South Andaman. The pipeline would be about 1.2 km long; the maximum depth of the strait at the planned location is 55 m. The pipeline was estimated to cost about 140 million rupees.[14]

Image galleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Andaman.
  2. ^ a b Sailing Directions (Enroute), Pub. 173: India and the Bay of Bengal (PDF). Sailing Directions. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2017. p. 278.
  3. ^ "A&N Islands - Pincodes". 22 September 2016. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2016.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  4. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  5. ^ "Village Code Directory: Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
  6. ^ "Government of India, Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships". www.dgll.nic.in. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  7. ^ "DEMOGRAPHIC – A&N ISLANDS" (PDF). andssw1.and.nic.in. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  8. ^ Geolysis (2012) Rutland. Unknown census. Accessed on 2012-07-16.
  9. ^ Geolysis (2012) R M Point. Unknown census. Accessed on 2012-07-16.
  10. ^ a b Geolysis (2012) Bamboo Nallaha incl Kichad Nalla. Unknown census. Accessed on 2012-07-16.
  11. ^ Geolysis (2012) Bada Khari. Unknown census. Accessed on 2012-07-16.
  12. ^ a b c Government of India (2008), Rutland Island In Island Wise Statistical Outline, Accessed on 2012-07-16.
  13. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). 2011 Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations, Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  14. ^ Kriti De (2012), Rutland Water Project - APWD bats on ‘BOOT’ pitch. Accessed on 2012-07-16.