Rust, Burgenland

Rust (Croatian: Rušta, Hungarian: Ruszt) is a city in the Austrian state of Burgenland, located on the western shore of Lake Neusiedl near the border with Hungary. With only about 1,900 inhabitants, it is the country's smallest statutory city, as it was endowed with the rights of a royal free city by the Hungarian crown in 1681. As a Statutarstadt, it also forms an administrative district (Bezirk) in its own right. The city is famous for its wines, especially for Beerenauslese, ice wine and - especially - Ruster Ausbruch.

Rust
Main square in Rust
Main square in Rust
Coat of arms of Rust
Coat of arms
Rust is located in Burgenland
Rust
Rust
Location within Austria
Rust is located in Austria
Rust
Rust
Rust (Austria)
Coordinates: 47°48′0″N 16°40′0″E / 47.80000°N 16.66667°E / 47.80000; 16.66667Coordinates: 47°48′0″N 16°40′0″E / 47.80000°N 16.66667°E / 47.80000; 16.66667
Country Austria
StateBurgenland
DistrictStatutory city
Government
 • MayorGerold Stagl (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total20.01 km2 (7.73 sq mi)
Elevation
123 m (404 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total1,921
 • Density96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
7071
Area code02685
Vehicle registrationE
Websitewww.freistadt-rust.at

HistoryEdit

 
Fishermen's Church

The settlement was first mentioned as Ceel in a 1317 deed issued by King Charles I of Hungary, its name derived from Hungarian szil for Elm, later translated into German Rüster or Rusten. The present-day Hungarian name Ruszt is again a translation from the German term. Rust's citizens received market rights in 1470 and the privilege to mark the corks of their wine barrels with the famous 'R' brand in 1524. The affluent town finally gained independence at the 1681 diet at Sopron by the order of Emperor Leopold I, King of Hungary.

With the Burgenland region, Rust passed from Hungary to the Republic of Austria in 1921.

PoliticsEdit

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeinderat) as of 2007 elections:

Twin townsEdit

 
Town hall

Rust is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

External linksEdit