Russian Technical Society

The Russian Technical Society (RTS) was founded as the Imperial Russian Technical Society (IRTS) in 1866 bringing together scientists, engineers, and others in order to promote technological development. It was by the government Ministries of Education and Finance, and was supported by other public agencies and by industry. It set out to bolster the further the development of Russia's manufacturing and production industries, through facilitating new inventions and the application of technology.[1] Dmitry Mendeleyev and Peter Kochubei played a leading role in the organisation.[1]


In 1895 the society criticised Ludwig Knoop for holding back the Russian textile industry by exclusively importing English textile machinery.[2]

In 1914 it participated in the mobilisation of scientists and technicians behind the war effort by creating an information bureau. This provided information for industry and state and local governments.[3]

Organisation and structureEdit

Key members of the 5th photographic department of the Imperial Russian Technical Society 1904
  1. Chemical technology and metallurgy (1866)
  2. Mechanics and mechanical technology (1866)
  3. Civil engineering and mining (1866)
  4. Military and naval technology (1866)
  5. Photography and its applications (1878)
  6. Electrical engineering, (1878) founded by Vladimir Chikolev in 1878.[4]
  7. Aeronautics (1880)
  8. Railway business (1881)
  9. Technical education (1884)
  10. Agriculture (by 1914)
  11. Industrial and economic (by 1914)
  12. Labour assistance (by 1914)
  13. Mountain (by 1914)
  14. Techniques of mining and rural economy
  15. Reclamation(1916)
  16. Fuel (1916)


  1. ^ a b "Imperial Russian Technological Society |". Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  2. ^ Thompstone, Stuart. "The Russian Technical Society and British Textile Machinery Imports" (PDF). University of Nottingham International Business History Institute. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
  3. ^ Coopersmith, Jonathan. "Electrification, 1886–1914". The Electrification of Russia, 1880-1926. Cornell University Press. pp. 42–98. ISBN 978-1-5017-0716-2.
  4. ^ "Vladimir Chikolev". The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Retrieved 3 March 2021.